بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Night of Decree (ليلة القدر)
Preparing for the Night of the Decree (الاستعداد ليلة القدر)
§ Be truthful with Allah and your self (وقفة صادقة مع النفس): you have to remember who you are doing this for.
§ Seek forgiveness (الاستغفار): always ask for forgiveness of your sins so that it can make your worship easy and so that you can taste the sweetness of the worship. It is the sins that remove this sweetness.
§ Do your best while seeking the help of Allah (الاجتهاد مع الاستعانة بالله): you want to do things with ihsan, and ask Allah to help you every step of the way.
§ Keep away from pride and arrogance (اياك الغرور و العجب): protect your heart not to feel proud of yourself if you do some kind of worship. Don’t compare yourself to others thinking you did better, this will spoil the deeds – it is Allah who allowed you to do this.
§ Seek Allah’s pardon (سؤال الله العفو)
What did the Prophet (pbuh) used to do in the last ten nights? (ماذا كان يفعل الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم اذا دخل العشر؟)
1. Enliven the night (احياء الليل): after maghrib until fajr the Prophet (pbuh) would make the time alive and not a time for sleep. It is not that a person gets no sleep, but only a bit of sleep to have energy to worship. A good time to sleep is half an hour or hour after isha.
2. Awaken the family (ايقظ اهله): awaken his household.
3. ‘Tighten his belt’ (شد المأزر): meaning he rolled up his sleeves, and takes on these 10 days full on, prepared for it.
Why the last ten nights? ( لماذا العشر الاواخر؟):
§ To seek the night of the decree. Because we are looking for one night that is worth more than an entire lifetime. You need to search for it every night. Some people say oh it happened on the 21st, and then you slack off, and then you hear others say it was this day, so you would have missed it. So search for it every night.
Surah Al Qadr (سورة القدر):
What is laylt al qadr? (ما هي ليلة القدر؟)
(إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ فِى لَيۡلَةِ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ) (Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’ân) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)
Ayah 1: Allah revealed the entire Quran on the night of the decree, it was taken from the Preserved Table and descended to the lowest heaven in all of its entirety. Then the angel Jibreel (as) began to reveal to the Prophet (pbuh) in intervals.
(وَمَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكَ مَا لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ) (And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?)
Ayah 2: That is the night when Allah will decree all that will happen until the next laylt al Qadr. It takes place on odd night. Angels are carrying out the commands of Allah. On that night, the angels will have a record of what decrees to execute. For example, one angel is in charge of rain, he will only know the rain for that year, he does not know it for the second year. Only Allah knows this, since it is in the Preserved Tablet. The angels of death are given a record of who will die for that year, who will be born, etc. That is why we ask for all of the goodness on that night. We need to increase the dua for pardoning. (اللهم انك عفو تحب العفو فأعفو عني) (Oh Allah You are the All-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.) Pardoning is more than forgiveness, you will not be asked your sin on the Day of Judgement, it will be deleted from your record. All of the etiquettes of a dua’a are in this dua’a. Subhan Allah.
What is its virtue? (ما فضلها؟)
(لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡ أَلۡفِ شَہۡرٍ۬) (The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allâh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months)
Ayah 3: Its virtue is worth more than a thousand months, which is equal to 83 years and 4 months. Imagine can a person worship for a thousand months straight? No, and this is a mercy from Allah for the Ummah.
What happens? (ماذا يحدث؟)
(تَنَزَّلُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيہَا بِإِذۡنِ رَبِّہِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمۡرٍ۬) (Therein descend the angels and the Rûh [Jibril (Gabriel)] by Allâh’s Permission with all Decrees)
Ayah 4: What happens to the universe? The earth will be filled with the angels, and the angels bring mercy. The dua’as are responded to. Imagine Jibreel (as) will descend on this earth! Subhan Allah. You need to believe this, though you cannot see it, you need to believe that angels are crowding the earth. Subhan Allah.
What is its description?
(سَلَـٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطۡلَعِ ٱلۡفَجۡرِ) ((All that night), there is Peace (and Goodness from Allâh to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn)
Ayah 5: Peace and tranquility until the fajr time.
Signs on the night of laylt al qadr (العلامات المقاربة):
§ The sky will be illuminated, though we cannot see it because of artificial light.
§ Peace and tranquility: there will be peace between the people and children during the night.
§ Pleasant breeze
§ Sweet taste of worship: you will enjoy the worship, you will feel that one particular night you will taste it. May Allah make our heart light and clean in order to feel it. Ameen. When you get to experience this taste in Ramadan, then you want to experience it all the time throughout the year.
Later signs: The sun will have no rays.
What to do?
§ It starts from after maghrib, and you want to establish qiyam al layl – whether in masjid or home, do it where you find your heart. If you cannot pray due to your cycle, then your test is acceptance, be pleased with the decree of Allah. Your patience will have so much value.
§ Read the Quran: reflect, recite, anything related to the Quran. May Allah never make us bored of the Quran. Ameen.
§ Dhikr, dua’a
§ Switch off the phone, messages are distracting, make your time full of devotion from maghrib to fajr and all throughout make istia’na, seeking the help of Allah.
May Allah allow us to witness the night of the decree and give it its due rights and receive all of its benefits. Ameen.
Fatwas of Ibn Baz
Q. What is the degree of authenticity of the Hadith: There should be no I`tikaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) except in the Three Masjids (mosques) If it is authentic, does it actually mean that there should be no I`tikaf except in the Three Masjids (i.e., the Sacred, Prophet’s, and Al-Aqsa)?
A. It is valid to observe I`tikaf in any Masjid other than the three Masjids, on condition that congregational Salah (Prayer) is established therein. For, if this condition is not fulfilled, it becomes invalid to observe I`tikaf there.
However, this does not apply if a person vows to observe I`tikaf in any of the three Masjids, for they are then obliged to fulfill their vow. May Allah guide us all to do what pleases Him.
As-salamu `alaykum warahmatullah wabarakatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!).
Chairman of the Departments of Scholarly Research,
Ifta’, Daw`ah, and Guidance
Posted from http://alifta.org
You mentioned as it relates to the issue or Dua’a or raising the hands during the Dua’a; that the Salaf, the Companions, and the people of knowledge would supplicate before the Salaam. Thus as it relates to the issue of raising the hands after the prayer, is this for the obligatory prayers and the supererogatory prayers likewise, is it better for the person to raise his hands or not?
May Allah bless you. Firstly; do not ask about raising the hands after the prayer. Ask about Dua’a after the prayer. Is it legislated or not? We say: It is not legislated; because Allah said:
فَإِذَا قَضَيْتُمُ الصَّلاةَ فَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ
And when you have completed the prayer, remember Allah (Soorah An Nisa 4:103)
He did not say: ‘Supplicate.’ Therefore the place for Dua’a is not after the prayer. The place for Dua’a is before the Salaam (before the Salaam to exit the prayer).
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وعلى آله وسلم used to teach his companions the tashahhud, and he said: ‘Then after it (the tashahhud), supplicate as you like’. Thus he made the place for Dua’a before the Salaam.
And he advised Muadh رضي الله عنه to say after the final tashahhud before the Salaam:
اللَّهُمَّ أَعِنِّي عَلَى ذِكْرِكَ وَشُكْرِكِ وَحُسْنِ عِبَادَتِكِ
“O Allah, help me in remembering You, in giving You thanks, and worshipping You well.”
(Collected by Abu Dawud 1522)
And this is a Dua’a. And this is necessitated by the intent, because as long as the person is praying he is conversing with Allah, and when he leaves the prayer the conversation ends. So is it more befitting to supplicate while you are conversing with Allah or after you have left the conversation? The first is more befitting (to supplicate while you are conversing with Allah). And there is no difference whether it is the obligatory prayers or the supererogatory prayers.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Posted with permission from mtws.posthaven.com
The Best Sadaqa is during Ramadan
Explained by Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadi
The following is a summary translation taken from the Lecture
The guidance of the Salaf during Ramadan
The month of Ramadan—giving charity during this month has a high status.
It has been authenticated from the hadith of Anas—may Allah be pleased with him—that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
أفضل الصدقة صدقة رمضان
The best Sadaqa is the Sadaqa of Ramadan
Thus the Sadaqa during Ramadan has a high status. And included in this is providing food for the fasting person to break their fast with. It has been authenticated that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
مَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِمًا فَلَهُ مِثْلُ أَجْرِهِ وَلَا يَنْقُصُ مِنْ أَجْرِ الصَّائِمِ شَيْءٌ
Whoever provides food for the fasting person to break their fast with, he will have the reward of the fasting person without decreasing the reward of the fasting person at all.
It was said to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم:
يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ ، لَيْسَ كُلُّنَا يَجِدُ مَا يُفَطِّرُ الصَّائِمَ ؟
O Messenger of Allah, all of us do not find that which is sufficient to break the fast of the fasting person?
The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said:
يُعْطِي اللَّهُ تَعَالَى ذَلِك لمَنْ فَطَّرَ صَائِمًا ولو عَلَى شَرْبَةِ مَاءٍ
Allah will give that (reward) to the person who breaks the fast of the person even if it is with a drink of water.
Thus the water which quenches the living creatures contains a tremendous blessing. Thus it is upon the slave to give this matter concern.
Abdullah ibn Umar—may Allah be pleased with them—would only break his fast during Ramadan with the poor. And it has been mentioned in his biography, that if his family would prevent the poor from breaking their fast with him—as they would refuse them sometimes—then he would not eat dinner. He would feel sadness—may Allah be pleased with him—thus he would not eat dinner that night. May Allah be pleased with him.
Once a beggar came to him asking for food while he was about to break his fast, so he took his portion of food enough to break his fast and left the food for the beggar. So when he returned home, his family had already eaten the food in the house. Thus he remained hungry until the following night. There was no food in his home.
As for our refrigerators, what is in our homes? A person goes to Panda; and Hyper Panda (Supermarkets in the gulf) and amasses food which he will not eat in a year. And the rest of the food will remain seven or eight months; the expiration date expires and the following Ramadan comes around so the food spoils.
Ramadan did not come for the purpose of gluttony. Ramadan did not come to overload the stomachs. It came to alleviate them so that the soul may be lightened. When the stomach is light the soul becomes light and proceeds towards worship. Look at the camel. If it is slender it is suitable for racing. This outcome comes as a result of leanness. It did not come as a result of filling the stomach; it came as a result of leanness, leanness of the stomach and minimal amount of food.
Thus as it relates to worship; if the person deceases his food and drink intake, he will be energetic towards worship.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Watch the Video @ http://wp.me/p2sNCV-2K9
The Taraweeh of the Salaf compared to today
Explained by Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadi
Taken from the lecture: ” The guidance of the Salaf during Ramadan”
Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadi:
Thus when Ramadan comes do not miss praying Taraweeh with the people. It is upon you to stand at night in prayer. This is the third affair. And all praises belong to Allah, now the recitation is easy—O brothers. Our recitation is light; extremely light. One Juz (is recited) in ten rakats if he makes his recitation lengthy. And if you are in the Haram of Mecca or Medina or in the Masjids that pray twenty rakats (you will say) where did the Juz go? The recitation is very light in each rakat.
As for the Salaf As Saalih, may Allah have mercy upon them, they viewed that if Soorah Al Baqarah was recited in ten rakats during Ramadan, then the one leading the prayer had gone easy on them. If Soorah Al Baqarah was recited in ten rakats they viewed that he had made the prayer light for them.
Today we take three nights or four nights, or two and a half nights, to recite Soorah Al Baqarah, if we are going to finish it; true or false?
They used to recite Soorah Al Baqarah in eight rakats, thus if an Imaam came and lead them in prayer, completing Soorah Al Baqarah in ten rakats, they would say: May Allah reward you with good, he was easy upon us. Who would remain with you upon this today? Our prayer is light now.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee