Ramadan Special: Sicknesses of the Heart and Taqwa (لعلكم تتقون) – Day 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Ramadan Special: Sicknesses of the Heart and Taqwa (لعلكم تتقون) – Day 2

Introduction

Surah Al Baqarah 2-5: (ذَٲلِكَ ٱلۡڪِتَـٰبُ لَا رَيۡبَ‌ۛ فِيهِ‌ۛ هُدً۬ى لِّلۡمُتَّقِينَ (٢) ٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱلۡغَيۡبِ وَيُقِيمُونَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَمِمَّا رَزَقۡنَـٰهُمۡ يُنفِقُونَ (٣) وَٱلَّذِينَ يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِمَآ أُنزِلَ إِلَيۡكَ وَمَآ أُنزِلَ مِن قَبۡلِكَ وَبِٱلۡأَخِرَةِ هُمۡ يُوقِنُونَ (٤) أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ عَلَىٰ هُدً۬ى مِّن رَّبِّهِمۡ‌ۖ وَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ هُمُ ٱلۡمُفۡلِحُونَ (٥)) (This is the Book (the Qur’ân), whereof there is no doubt, a guidance to those who are Al-Muttaqûn [the pious and righteous persons who fear Allâh much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which He has forbidden) and love Allâh much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)]. (2) Who believe in the Ghaib and perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and spend out of what we have provided for them (3) And who believe in (the Qurân and the Sunnah) which has been sent down (revealed) to you (Muhammad Peace be upon him ) and in that which we sent down before [the Taurât (Torah) and the Injeel (Gospel), etc.] and they believe with certainty in the Hereafter. (Resurrection, recompense of their good and bad deeds, Paradise and Hell,) (4) They are on (true) guidance from their Lord, and they are the successful. (5))

§  The Quran is guidance only for the muttaqeen (هدى للمتقين) and if you take the opposite, the one who’s following his desires will not find guidance. Who are the muttaqeen?

§  There are two factors to taqwa – knowledge and actions. The knowledge they have is belief in the unseen – belief in Allah (swt), angels, books, messengers, last day and decree. And their action is to establish the prayer and give zakat.

§  We need the Quran as a curriculum and taqwa for guidance.

Knowledge and actions – a fight within 

§  Imagine entering a dark room, if you don’t have knowledge, you’ll trip and fall, and even if you can walk, you don’t know where to go and where you to stop. When you are in this life without knowledge, then you don’t know where to go. For example, if you’re told to get the pillow, you’ll touch and feel something soft, and you put your head on it but it’s a cat, you get scratched – you’ve fallen into the fitna.

§  Those doing bida’a think the good deeds they’re doing will take them to paradise, but it’s actually drawing them away from Allah (swt) because it’s not based on knowledge. For example, some people torture their body thinking this is taqwa, but who said this? No one, this is from their mind. They think it will be bring them closer to Allah (swt), but it’s drawing them further away.

§  Or someone wants to do tafakkur in the creation of Allah (swt), so they look at women saying this is doing tafakkur. This is not taqwa. Or someone says Allah is Jameel , He loves beauty, so they go and show their beauty to everyone. This is not taqwa.

§  When you have the correct knowledge, then action will come. But before this, in your heart there is a negotiation between the truth and yourself; there’s a fight within.

§  Your nafs is like a house already furnished, you have your nature, your emotions, desires, false conceptions, ‘antiques’ from your parent’s house, you have your husband’s furniture, your friend’s furniture, experiences, traditions, culture, and inside the house there are snakes, spiders, mice, scorpions, flies – these are sicknesses in the heart –  and still we look at ourselves in the mirror? Subhan Allah. 

§  When knowledge with evidence comes to the heart, then you need to make space for it, but there’s a fight going on behind the curtains. An ayah comes and you think what will my husband say, etc. If the ayah overpowers, then you submit and ‘listen and obey’, then in the blink of an eye, a piece of furniture is taken out and replaced with a beautiful piece. If you don’t submit to the truth, then it’ll be desire – whether it’s yours or other’s desires.

§  Only Allah (swt) knows what fight is happening inside your heart. When a person is doing taqwa, it’s as if you’re closing all of the doors and windows and a fight is going on inside your heart. If you don’t close the doors and windows, then a ‘roach or lizard’ comes out, your jealousy and arrogance comes out, your sicknesses come out, subhan Allah.

§  The muttaqee will only open the door when everything is settled, and the truth will come out of the door. The moment you say ‘we listened and we obeyed’, then it will change. When you look at the magicians of Firaoun, one ayah came to them, there was a struggle inside but they were truthful, and Allah (swt) guided them. Imagine one ayah changed them, so what about us? May Allah (swt) forgive us. Ameen.

§  For the Samiree, the nafs overcame the truth and he ended up making a calf.

Practical examples

§  When a man and woman are in a room together then the third is the shaitan. One lady was in the harem and she was in a rush to go up to her hotel, when the lift came there was a man inside. She remembered when a man and woman are alone, the third is the shaitan and she was thinking, ‘my husband will blame me if I’m running late but a woman and man alone and the third is the shaitan’ so she’s going through this fight inside, finally, the hadith overcame and she decided to not enter – this is taqwa. Then another elevator came and it was empty and she went inside. Before she reached her floor, it stopped one floor below and there was a man about to enter. She could see he was thinking and he didn’t enter, and it was all fine when she reached her roo, subhan Allah. This shows you the fruits of taqwa. Don’t say people’s hearts are clean in the harem.

§  Sometimes it’s people’s pressures that stop us, for example, someone tells you ‘why are you making it complicated?’ and then you stop from doing the taqwa.

§  Another example, you know that obeying your husband is barakah. You and your husband might be in the car together, and he says we’ll fill up the car with gas and then I’ll drop you home. You don’t want to go to the station and would rather be dropped off at home. You’ll see when you don’t obey, then some problem happens, either it takes a long time to reach home, or you end up fighting when you reach home, etc. Obedience is barakah, and when you obey then things go smoothly, there’s no fight. And this is not even about halal and haram.

§  And what’s important before you do anything is to have that inner-fight because you want to have taqwa as much as you can (اتقوا الله ما استطعتم). For example, you want to pardon someone and you’re struggling should I pardon them or not, should I pardon them or not, and you end up not pardoning. Having this inner-struggle is better than just not pardoning without having that inner-struggle.

How to apply taqwa? (تطبيق التقوى)

Surah Adh Dhariyat 15-16: (إِنَّ ٱلۡمُتَّقِينَ فِى جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ وَعُيُونٍ (١٥) ءَاخِذِينَ مَآ ءَاتَٮٰهُمۡ رَبُّہُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّہُمۡ كَانُواْ قَبۡلَ ذَٲلِكَ مُحۡسِنِينَ (١٦)) (Verily, the Muttaqûn) will be in the midst of Gardens and Springs (in the Paradise), (15) Taking joy in the things which their Lord has given them. Verily, they were before this Muhsinûn (16))

§  The muttaqeen take whatever Allah (swt) gives them (آخذين ما آتاهم ربهم):

o   Allah (swt) gave us the obligations and prohibitions (الأوامر و المحرمات) à legislation (الشرع)

o   Allah (swt) gave us the decrees (الأقدار). Taqwa in the decrees is to accept what happens.

o   Allah (swt) gave us what is lawful (المباحات), like eating, drinking, socializing.

§  Taqwa is needed in all of these three matters.

Example in the legislation (الشرع) – Commands (الأوامر)

§  There are commands:

o   Disliked (مكروه): for commands you dislike, you will have taqwa when you listen and obey (سمعنا و أطعنا)

o   Liked (محبوب): for commands you like then you will taqwa when you renew your intention (تجديد النية)

§  You have knowledge of covering and it is a command from Allah (swt). There are commands that you like and there are commands you don’t like. Perhaps covering is something disliked for you, and why do you hate it? Because of the ‘furniture’ you have already. Though you hate it, but there’s a fight going on inside – this is taqwa. In order to be of the muttaqeen – you have to ‘listen and obey’ and submit. Whenever you command people, then be gentle because you don’t know what struggle is going on inside them.

§  On the other hand, you love to acquire knowledge, or to read Quran, so taqwa is needed, does it mean you stop coming to the class? No, but you need to renew your intention. You love to pray or do umrah, or any good deeds, then taqwa is when you renew your intention.

§  There are qualities which Allah (swt) likes which are forbearance and being calm. You might already have it, so does that mean you don’t do taqwa. You do taqwa, but you do it for Allah (swt).

§  We think taqwa is only for haram matter, but it’s even for the commands – the commands you love as well, subhan Allah. It’s important to have knowledge to know Who you’re doing it for and the virtues for it. 

Example in the legislation (الشرع) – Prohibitions (المحرمات)

§  Hate/deny it: For example, you know backbiting is haram, and the taqwa for it is to hate it/deny it so that you push it away. You remember the punishment of Allah (swt) as if you’re eating your dead brother’s flesh.

§  Don’t come close it: The other way of having taqwa from something haram is to not come close to it. For example, if you know a gathering will have haram, then don’t go to it. Suppose you committed the sin, then you need to repent.

§  Jump over it: if the one backbiting is inside your house, for example your mother is backbiting to you, you can’t avoid it, but try to change the subject, ignore it, or don’t go deeper into it.

 (اللهم آت نفسي تقواها، وزكها أنت خير من زكاها، أنت وليها ومولاها) (Allahumma ati nafsi taqwaha, wa zakkiha Anta khairu man zakkaha, Anta waliyyuha wa maulaha.) (Allah! Grant me the sense of piety and purify my soul as You are the Best to purify it. You are its Guardian and its Protecting Friend.)

Ramadan Special: Remember Me, I will remember you (فاذكروني أذكركم) – At Tawwab (التواب) – Day 1

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Ramadan Special: Remember Me, I will remember you (فاذكروني أذكركم) – At Tawwab (التواب) – Day 1

Introduction

§  Alhamdulliah for all of Allah’s blessings. Ramadan is an opportunity to raise your ‘building’. The foundation should already be in place before you start and this foundation is your faith. Faith is to have feelings entering Ramadan, and to have feelings towards Allah (swt) only. You find many issues happening before Ramadan so all other feelings are cancelled before Ramadan begins, subhan Allah. What are these distractions? The tangibles such as people, money, position, etc. It’s important to have a clear heart.

§  Imagine if you have a big exam that will determine which university you go to, do you go with an occupied mind? No. You go with your mind focused, so we want to do our best in Ramadan.

§  We will take some names of Allah (swt) and we want to end Ramadan with taqwa. Faith is something you need to feel and taqwa is something you need to act upon.

Remember Me, I will remember you (فاذكروني أذكركم)

§  We need to remember Allah (swt) and how do we connect this to Ramadan? Any other time besides Ramadan is a time of ease. Imagine an hour of exam, this hour is Ramadan, and all other times are ease. Since this is the time of exam, you don’t revise then, you have to work. So you need to prepare before Ramadan.

§  When do you need to remember Allah (swt)? Before Ramadan, you need to refresh your faith in preparation for Ramadan. Know Allah (swt) in times of ease and He will know you in times of difficulty (اعرف الله في الرخاء يعرفك في الشدة). What does it mean Allah (swt) will remember you in Ramadan? He will guide you to worships. Don’t depend on your might and power. Imagine you’re in an exam hall and the teacher gives you clues, and to Allah (swt) is the best example, He will remind you and inspire you to do this. You will be guided what to do without tension, you don’t need a timetable. You need to deal with Allah (swt) as a poor slave, you don’t know what to do. When you feel you can do it yourself, you can plan it, then you’re left with it. May Allah (swt) remind us in the time of exam. Ameen.

Name of Allah At Tawwab (اسم الله التواب)

§  When Allah (swt) calls Himself any name then it means we need it, it will reform us, it will help us in our heart, mind, and actions, and it will save us in the duniya and akhira. Who will benefit from the names of Allah (swt)? We will benefit.

§  We want to change our behavior, the way we speak, and this doesn’t change unless you change yourself within. Changing your outer is the way of the hypocrites. Allah (swt) will not change a people until they change themselves. 

Meaning of At Tawwab in the language (المعنى اللغوي)

§  To return (رجع): to return to an original state after being in another state. The default state you return to is pure, good, perfect – it’s the fitra. The state you went to was a dispraised state, and you return to your origin.

§  Allah (swt) created us pure, in the state of fitra – balanced, pure, clean, perfect. But what happens in our life? We go through fitnas, we change, etc, so we want to return back to our origin.

§  What does Allah (swt) (تاب) mean? It means He’s pushing you to go back to your original state. Imagine a mother with 24 children going to a park for the first time, they’re wild, running all over the place, now imagine all of the creation of Allah (swt) being wild and going right and left, you have those worshipping an idol, doing mischief, etc. That’s why we need Allah At Tawab to take us back to our origin. Allah (swt) loves the tawbah and He called Himself At Tawwab. There are many people that are refusing to go back, though Allah (swt) is pushing them, subhan Allah.

§  To apologize (إعتذار): there are three levels of apologizing:, the best being the third:

o   I didn’t do it (لم أفعل): to do a mistake, and deny and say I didn’t do it.

o   I did it because of this (فعلت لأجل ذلك): to do a mistake and give a reason. For example, you didn’t wake-up for a fajr and you say to yourself because the alarm didn’t work, I’m tired. I reacted badly because I’m hormonal, I backbited because she deserved it. You give excuses for your evil-doing, whether to look good in front of the people or to look good to yourself, and this is deception. Majority of people fall in this category and after reading Surah At Tawbah you don’t want to give excuses because it’s the trait of the hypocrites.

o   I did a mistake, I’m wrong, and I need to stop it (فعلت وأسأت ولكن أقلعت) à this is tawbah (توبة): I backbited, it’s wrong and it’s a sin, so I need to stop it. You don’t give an excuse to yourself. Tawbah / repentance is admitting and stopping it. We need to make an apology to Allah (swt).

§  Allah (swt) loves people to return to Him and apologize to Him, this is tawbah. When you apologize to a person you beautify your words, but when you apologize to Allah (swt) you need to beautify your inside.

Meaning of At Tawwab in the deen (المعنى الشرعي)

§  Allah (swt) is At Tawwab and this is in the excessive form (صيعة مبالغة), we need to always return to Allah (swt), imagine a minute spent not remembering Allah (swt) or thinking bad about Him, istaghfar Allah.

§  We all make mistakes, but the best of ones who make mistakes are the ones who repent and apologize to Allah (swt). Hadith: (حَدَّثَنَا عَلِيُّ بْنُ مَسْعَدَةَ، عَنْ قَتَادَةَ، عَنْ أَنَسٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏:‏ ‏ “‏ كُلُّ بَنِي آدَمَ خَطَّاءٌ وَخَيْرُ الْخَطَّائِينَ التَّوَّابُونَ) (It was narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allah () said:“Every son of Adam commits sin, and the best of those who commit sin are those who repent.’”) – Sunan Ibn Majah Book 37, Hadith 4392

§  Imagine how many need to return to Allah (swt) and how many times they need to return. Even if there is no creation or sinners, Allah (swt) is At Tawwab, subhan Allah.

§  Regardless of who you may be, Allah (swt) is pushing everyone to tawbah and to repent to Him. It’s not only for certain people.

§  Two types of tawbahs from Allah (swt):

o   Before tawbah (توبة سابقة): Allah (swt) will bring the means to the person to initiate the feelings of tawbah. Allah (swt) creates the tawbah in the heart, tawbah is a creation, Allah (swt) creates all of the feelings, subhan Allah. For example, we are raised to be the best, the number one, and with time it will make a person proud, arrogant, exceed his boundaries, hurt others, etc. Even if everyone is doing it, but Who knows it’s bad? Allah (swt). You might not have the feeling it’s bad, but Allah At Tawwab will initiate the feeling of tawbah to make you feel it’s bad and wrong, how? You will learn about it, or by advice, or a situation, or a dream. Allah (swt) will initiate a situation in front of you to show you someone doing what you’re doing, and you feel how ugly and bad it is, subhan Allah.  The feelings of tawbah are you want to return, you want to come back and apologize. You’re feeling restless and unhappy with yourself. This is tawbah. May Allah (swt) create in our hearts the tawbah from our sins, even the ones we don’t know (اللهم تب علينا). Ameen. We don’t know all of our mistakes, the hypocrites don’t know they’re hypocrites, the mushrikeen don’t know they’re mushrikeen, subhan Allah. And out of Allah’s mercy, He doesn’t show us all of our sins in one go, otherwise we would be disabled. Allah (swt) brings out the sins in priority, for example, you backbite, you’re jealous, you’re proud, and you commit shirk. Allah (swt) will show you shirk first. And this will continue until you will even repent for wasting time, asking too much, and for not doing a voluntary, subhan Allah.

o   Last tawbah (التوبة الآخر): Allah (swt) is showing you your mistakes and you’re going far, and now it depends on you, are you going to admit and apologize that you’re doing wrong? Allah (swt) makes you feel you’re lost, but are you ignoring it and feeling you want to ‘play’ more, or do you want to return back home? If you’re truthful then Allah (swt) will take you home step by step, and this is a beautiful journey, subhan Allah. Someone lost in life is different from someone lost for a 5 minutes, subhan Allah. So your truthfulness comes in between the two tawbahs. You need to admit and apologize, don’t give excuses.

§  Allah (swt) initiates the feelings of repentance for all, even the disbelievers. This is general tawbah / the first tawbah.  The second tawbah is Allah (swt) will guide you to apologize and return.

§  Allah At Tawwab will not expose the sin of the person. Imagine when a child is lost, a picture is placed so people know he’s lost, but with Allah (swt) there’s no ‘picture’ of you that you’re lost. Allah (swt) will not expose the mistakes of the people. If a person’s mistake is exposed then it makes it difficult for him to repent because there is pressure from the people. Allah (swt) wants us to repent sincerely for Him, not for the people. For example, someone wants to propose to a lady but he drinks, and drinking is haram. He’s told we won’t marry you off if you’re drinking, so he repents for the people and not for Allah (swt).

§  If you have a sin then don’t tell others because it will help you to return back home step by step sincerely for Allah (swt).

§  Allah (swt) is the First in the tawbah and He’s the Last in the tawbah, and you’re in between. What’s needed from you? Heart, you need to admit you’re wrong. If you don’t admit you’re ‘sick’, then you won’t be cured. When you admit then Allah (swt) will guide you to your ‘treatment’. Allah (swt) will slowly cure you to go back to your initial state, subhan Allah. You take this ‘dose’ first, then you need to increase this ‘dosage’, etc. If you do tawbah for the people then you’ll reach the wrong home and you’re told to leave – this is deviation.  

§  When you return hope in peace then Allah (swt) is happy with your repentance. Though Allah (swt) doesn’t need us to return home, but He’s happy when we do, subhan Allah. Hadith: (عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏ “‏ لَلَّهُ أَشَدُّ فَرَحًا بِتَوْبَةِ أَحَدِكُمْ مِنْ أَحَدِكُمْ بِضَالَّتِهِ إِذَا وَجَدَهَا ‏”‏ ‏.) (Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger () as saying:  Allah is more pleased with the repentance of His servant when he turns penitently towards Him than one of you would be on finding the lost camel.) – Sahih Muslim 2675

§  Allah (swt) is the One Who initiates the feelings and He’s the One Who guides, He’s doing everything and He’s happy for you, subhan Allah. It’s just a heart feeling from you, it’s something so minor from you. You truly feel we didn’t worship You as You deserve to be worshipped. You see there is no one like Him and no one deals with us like Him so He should be worshipped the best worship.

Repentance: the way of the messengers (التوبة منهج الأنبياء)

Adam (as)

§  First human being to sin is Adam (as) and he sinned in paradise. If Adam (as) committed a sin in paradise, so what about anyone else? Subhan Allah.

§  Allah (swt) knows Iblis has a sickness of the heart, but he didn’t repent, he became rebellious, how? He didn’t feel he made a mistake. When any situation happens to you it’s because Allah (swt) wants you to repent to Him.

§  Adam (as) didn’t give an excuse for making a mistake.

§  Surah Al Baqarah 36: (فَأَزَلَّهُمَا ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنُ عَنۡہَا فَأَخۡرَجَهُمَا مِمَّا كَانَا فِيهِ‌ۖ وَقُلۡنَا ٱهۡبِطُواْ بَعۡضُكُمۡ لِبَعۡضٍ عَدُوٌّ۬‌ۖ وَلَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ مُسۡتَقَرٌّ۬ وَمَتَـٰعٌ إِلَىٰ حِينٍ۬) (Then the Shaitân (Satan) made them slip therefrom (the Paradise), and got them out from that in which they were. We said: “Get you down, all, with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be a dwelling place for you and an enjoyment for a time.”)

§  Adam (as) sinned from the pressure of Iblis. Allah (swt) is the One Who initiates the feelings in Adam’s heart to repent. What did Adam (as) do? He accepted it, he admitted it and didn’t blame anyone – he didn’t say it was from Iblis. As a result, Allah (swt) cast inspiration to Adam (as) and this is the ‘last tawbah’. Surah Al Baqarah 37: (فَتَلَقَّىٰٓ ءَادَمُ مِن رَّبِّهِۦ كَلِمَـٰتٍ۬ فَتَابَ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ) (Then Adam received from his Lord Words . And his Lord pardoned him (accepted his repentance). Verily, He is the One Who forgives (accepts repentance), the Most Merciful) – Allah (swt) taught him what to say. When Allah (swt) taught Adam (as), he taught him the ‘names’, but not the meanings and feelings, that’s why it’s (كلمات). For example you teach a child this is a pen, but he will not know it’s meaning until he uses it. These words are Surah Al ‘Araf 23: (قَالَا رَبَّنَا ظَلَمۡنَآ أَنفُسَنَا وَإِن لَّمۡ تَغۡفِرۡ لَنَا وَتَرۡحَمۡنَا لَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ ٱلۡخَـٰسِرِينَ) (They said: “Our Lord! We have wronged ourselves. If You forgive us not, and bestow not upon us Your Mercy, we shall certainly be of the losers.”)

§  We think we just say words without feeling, but we need to have feelings, and then Allah (swt) will accept your repentance, meaning He accepts your apology and will guide you back. How do you know your repentance is accepted? If there are feelings in your heart.

Adam (as)

§  Surah Ta Ha 121-122: (فَأَڪَلَا مِنۡہَا فَبَدَتۡ لَهُمَا سَوۡءَٲتُهُمَا وَطَفِقَا يَخۡصِفَانِ عَلَيۡہِمَا مِن وَرَقِ ٱلۡجَنَّةِ‌ۚ وَعَصَىٰٓ ءَادَمُ رَبَّهُ ۥ فَغَوَىٰ (١٢١) ثُمَّ ٱجۡتَبَـٰهُ رَبُّهُ ۥ فَتَابَ عَلَيۡهِ وَهَدَىٰ (١٢٢)) (Then they both ate of the tree, and so their private parts became manifest to them, and they began to cover themselves with the leaves of Paradise for their covering. Thus did Adam disobey his Lord, so he went astray (121) Then his Lord chose him, and turned to him with forgiveness, and gave him guidance (122))

§  Allah (swt) (اجتباه) – He chose Adam (as) for repentance. Adam (as) accepted this repentance by admitting and not blaming anyone, so Allah (swt) accepted his repentance and guided him.  What is the sign Allah (swt) will accept your repentance? He will guide you to do good deeds and make it easy for you, subhan Allah. Allah (swt) will bring hasanat to you, and the sign of an accepted good deed is more deeds are followed. For example, you weren’t reciting Quran, then you are, then you pray qiyam al layl, then more good deeds open for you.

Ibrahim (as)

§  Surah Al Baqarah 127-128: (وَإِذۡ يَرۡفَعُ إِبۡرَٲهِـۧمُ ٱلۡقَوَاعِدَ مِنَ ٱلۡبَيۡتِ وَإِسۡمَـٰعِيلُ رَبَّنَا تَقَبَّلۡ مِنَّآ‌ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلسَّمِيعُ ٱلۡعَلِيمُ (١٢٧) رَبَّنَا وَٱجۡعَلۡنَا مُسۡلِمَيۡنِ لَكَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِنَآ أُمَّةً۬ مُّسۡلِمَةً۬ لَّكَ وَأَرِنَا مَنَاسِكَنَا وَتُبۡ عَلَيۡنَآ‌ۖ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (١٢٨)) (And (remember) when Ibrâhim (Abraham) and (his son) Ismâ’il (Ishmael) were raising the foundations of the House (the Ka’bah at Makkah), (saying), “Our Lord! Accept (this service) from us. Verily! You are the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.”  (127) “Our Lord! And make us submissive unto You and of our offspring a nation submissive unto You, and show us our Manâsik (all the ceremonies of pilgrimage – Hajj and ‘Umrah), and accept our repentance. Truly, You are the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (128))

§  Is there a sin mentioned here? No, but they’re doing the best of deeds, they’re raising the foundation of the Sacred House. So you do tawbah for good deeds as well. You’re saying even the good deed I’m doing has shortcomings because I’m not thanking You enough and I’m not worshipping You as You deserve to be worshipped. So (تب علينا) – guide us to repent. And this takes away the ego even from doing good deeds. What can be an obstacle from doing good deeds? It’s our sins. If I do a future sin then guide us to repent to You so there is no obstacle to good deeds.

§  If you notice there is disturbance in your good deeds then you need to repent. For example you used to memorize Quran and now you’re not, or you used to recite Quran and you’re not; repent to Allah (swt).

Musa (as)

§  Surah Al ‘Araf 143: (وَلَمَّا جَآءَ مُوسَىٰ لِمِيقَـٰتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ ۥ رَبُّهُ ۥ قَالَ رَبِّ أَرِنِىٓ أَنظُرۡ إِلَيۡكَ‌ۚ قَالَ لَن تَرَٮٰنِى وَلَـٰكِنِ ٱنظُرۡ إِلَى ٱلۡجَبَلِ فَإِنِ ٱسۡتَقَرَّ مَڪَانَهُ ۥ فَسَوۡفَ تَرَٮٰنِى‌ۚ فَلَمَّا تَجَلَّىٰ رَبُّهُ ۥ لِلۡجَبَلِ جَعَلَهُ ۥ دَڪًّ۬ا وَخَرَّ مُوسَىٰ صَعِقً۬ا‌ۚ فَلَمَّآ أَفَاقَ قَالَ سُبۡحَـٰنَكَ تُبۡتُ إِلَيۡكَ وَأَنَا۟ أَوَّلُ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ) (And when Mûsa (Moses) came at the time and place appointed by Us, and his Lord (Allâh) spoke to him, he said: “O my Lord! Show me (Yourself), that I may look upon You.” Allâh said: “You cannot see Me, but look upon the mountain; if it stands still in its place then you shall see Me.” So when his Lord appeared to the mountain[], He made it collapse to dust, and Mûsa (Moses) fell down unconscious. Then when he recovered his senses he said: “Glory be to You, I turn to You in repentance and I am the first of the believers.”)

§  Musa (as) made tawbah for misbehaving with Allah (swt), subhan Allah. He realized he asked something he shouldn’t ask which is to see Allah (swt). From the goodness of a person’s Islam is to leave what doesn’t concern him. Allah (swt) cannot be seen in life, only in the hereafter. How did Allah (swt) guide him to repent? Through an experiment. He told him to look at the mountain, if the mountain can stand seeing Me then you can see Me. But this is a universal rule, no one can see Allah (swt) in this life. When Allah (swt) appeared a little bit to the mountain, the mountain crumbled and crushed, and Musa (as) fell down unconscious. He realized what he did was wrong. Sometimes you notice when you misbehave, you get burned, or slip, or fall sick.

§  What did Musa (as) say? Subhanaka – Glory be to You – I repent to You. May Allah (swt) guide us to repent to everything in our life. Ameen. What else did he say? And I am the first of the believers; he’s already a believer before, but this incident affected his faith so he’s renewing his faith.

May Allah (swt) make us welcome Ramadan with repentance every moment. Ameen.

Ramadan Special: Remember Me, I will remember you (فاذكروني أذكركم) – Allah At Tawwab (التواب) – Day 2

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

السلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته

Ramadan Special: Remember Me, I will remember you (فاذكروني أذكركم) – Allah At Tawwab (التواب) – Day 2

Repentance: from the people

The three Companions who didn’t participate in the battle

Surah At Tawbah 118-119: (وَعَلَى ٱلثَّلَـٰثَةِ ٱلَّذِينَ خُلِّفُواْ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا ضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡہِمُ ٱلۡأَرۡضُ بِمَا رَحُبَتۡ وَضَاقَتۡ عَلَيۡهِمۡ أَنفُسُهُمۡ وَظَنُّوٓاْ أَن لَّا مَلۡجَأَ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ إِلَّآ إِلَيۡهِ ثُمَّ تَابَ عَلَيۡهِمۡ لِيَتُوبُوٓاْ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (١١٨) يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَكُونُواْ مَعَ ٱلصَّـٰدِقِينَ (١١٩)) (And (He did forgive also) the three [who did not join the Tabûk expedition whose case was deferred (by the Prophet SAW)] (for Allâh’s Decision) till for them the earth, vast as it is, was straitened and their ownselves were straitened to them, and they perceived that there is no fleeing from Allâh, and no refuge but with Him. Then, He forgave them (accepted their repentance), that they might beg for His pardon [repent (unto Him)] Verily, Allâh is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful. (118) O you who believe! Be afraid of Allâh, and be with those who are true (in words and deeds). (119))

§  The sin of the three Companions is for not participating in the battle while they had no excuse; they were lazy. The believers were leaving by the day for the battle until the three Companions were the only ones who remained together with the hypocrites. Ka’ab ibn Malik (ra) said when he remained in the city, he felt he was submerged with the hypocrites. Similarly for us, there are commands which we are lazy about doing though we have no excuse, for example prayer, etc.

§  The Prophet () punished them by not having anyone speak to them for 50 days, and in the last 10 days, even their wives couldn’t speak to them, subhan Allah. Look at how many times we take it easy on ourselves, subhan Allah.

§  What is their state? (ضاقت عليهم الأرض): the earth felt tight on them, everyone is rejecting them and they feel tight themselves, as if they’re suffocating. All of the doors closed around them, and they knew for sure there is no refuge except with Allah (swt). Our tawbah is not perfect because we feel we have someone we can talk to, but they had no one but Allah (swt). Tawbah is to return to Allah (swt), apologize to Him and confess.

§  After the 50 days, Allah (swt) (تاب عليهم) meaning He gave permission to them to repent. Allah (swt) sees your heart to see if you deserve to repent, subhan Allah. Then (ليتوبوا), they repented, and then Allah (swt) accepted their repentance. The tawbah begins and ends with Allah (swt) and this truly shows you (لا حول و لا قوة الا بالله) – there is no might and power except with Allah (swt).  

§  There are many obligations we leave and take it lightly thinking we’re fine, but we need to feel we missed it. We need to be observant of ourselves.

§  Allah (swt) is the One Who gives permission to the people to repent and repentance is a great worship because Allah (swt) loves those who repent. Allah (swt) gives permission for you to repent according to how much you feel guilty. So the guiltier you feel, the more permission Allah (swt) gives you to repent, meaning you will repent quickly and easily, subhan Allah. May Allah (swt) always give us permission to repent. Ameen.

Conditions for repentance (شروط التوبة)

§  There is repentance from sins:

o   Between you and Allah (swt) (بين العبد و ربه)

o   Between you and the people (بينه و بين الناس)

§  Between you and Allah (swt) (بين العبد و ربه): such as missing the obligations, the prayer, fasting, not being grateful to Allah (swt), not depending on Him, etc. What are the conditions?

1.          Quit the sin immediately: you will not come back to it again

2.          Feel regret in the heart: how much you regret depends how much permission Allah (swt) will give you to repent.

3.          Time: as soon as you commit a sin, then regret it and repent. If you don’t regret then another sin follows. For example, if you miss the fajr prayer and you don’t feel guilty about it, then you will find another sin follows, you will miss the dhuhr prayer as well. Imagine if your carpet is dirty, what would be like if you clean it after an hour, versus after a month, versus after a year. There is no repentance when the soul reaches the throat and when the sun rises from the west, so don’t delay the repentance.

§  Between you and the people (بينه و بين الناس): such as backbiting, making fun of people, stealing from them, lying, judging, thinking bad about them, making problems between people. What are the conditions?

o   Quit the sin immediately: you will not come back to it again. Definition of a sin: hadith: (عَنْ النَّوَّاسِ بْنِ سَمْعَانَ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ عَنْ النَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه و سلم قَالَ: “الْبِرُّ حُسْنُ الْخُلُقِ، وَالْإِثْمُ مَا حَاكَ فِي صَدْرِك، وَكَرِهْت أَنْ يَطَّلِعَ عَلَيْهِ النَّاسُ” رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ [رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ].) (On the authority of an-Nawas bin Sam’an (may Allah be pleased with him), that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: Righteousness is in good character, and wrongdoing is that which wavers in your soul, and which you dislike people finding out about. [Muslim]) – 40 Hadith Nawawi 27 You might have said something you shouldn’t have, and you feel inside your heart that you did something wrong, even if the person didn’t get hurt. It’s like a scratching inside your heart, you don’t feel comfortable.

o   Feeling regret in the heart: how much you regret depends how much permission Allah (swt) will give you to repent.

o   Time: as soon as possible

o   Go to the person and apologize and if you can’t, then make dua’a for the person all the time.

§  It’s not a mistake to make a mistake, but it’s a mistake to insist on the mistake and not repent.

Types of repentance (أنواع التوبة)

Repentance from good deeds (الحسنات)

1.       Shortcomings in your good deeds (التقصير): We cannot worship Allah (swt) as He deserves to be worshipped, so there will always be shortcomings in our good deeds.

2.       Repentance from bida’a (البدع): for example, you used to recite Ya Seen every morning or do bida’a in condolences, you think it’s a good deed, but it’s actually invention in the religion, so you need to regret for having invented in the deen and repent from this. Repentance from bida’a is difficult because you think you’re doing something good and the shaitan likes to enter from the door of bida’a.

3.       Feeling proud of yourself, as if you did it by your might and power (الإعجاب بعمله و أنه فعله بحوله و قوته):for example, you pray qiyam al layl and you feel you did so great, as if it’s you, but you need to repent from this.

Repentance from the prohibitions/sins (النواهي)

§  As mentioned before regarding sins.

Allah At Tawwab in the Quran (التواب في القرآن)

Surah Al Baqarah 54: (وَإِذۡ قَالَ مُوسَىٰ لِقَوۡمِهِۦ يَـٰقَوۡمِ إِنَّكُمۡ ظَلَمۡتُمۡ أَنفُسَڪُم بِٱتِّخَاذِكُمُ ٱلۡعِجۡلَ فَتُوبُوٓاْ إِلَىٰ بَارِٮِٕكُمۡ فَٱقۡتُلُوٓاْ أَنفُسَكُمۡ ذَٲلِكُمۡ خَيۡرٌ۬ لَّكُمۡ عِندَ بَارِٮِٕكُمۡ فَتَابَ عَلَيۡكُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ) (And (remember) when Mûsa (Moses) said to his people: “O my people! Verily, you have wronged yourselves by worshipping the calf. So turn in repentance to your Creator and kill yourselves (the innocent kill the wrongdoers among you), that will be better for you with your Creator.” Then He accepted your repentance. Truly, He is the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful)

§  Banu Israel worshipped a calf, when you worship anything besides Allah (swt) then you’re hurting yourself; Allah (swt) is not harmed by it. What are they supposed to do? They need to repent to Al Bari’, to go back to their original state. They were in the dark and had to kill each other – this was their repentance, alhamdulliah we don’t have this. This continued until Musa (as) asked Allah (swt) for it to end otherwise no one would remain from Banu Israel, so Allah (swt) stopped it. The greater the sin, the greater there is punishment in the duniya as a means of purification. For example, for those who didn’t go to battle, their purification was to not be spoken to for 50 days.

Surah Al Baqarah 159-160: (إِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ يَكۡتُمُونَ مَآ أَنزَلۡنَا مِنَ ٱلۡبَيِّنَـٰتِ وَٱلۡهُدَىٰ مِنۢ بَعۡدِ مَا بَيَّنَّـٰهُ لِلنَّاسِ فِى ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ‌ۙ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يَلۡعَنُہُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَلۡعَنُہُمُ ٱللَّـٰعِنُونَ (١٥٩) إِلَّا ٱلَّذِينَ تَابُواْ وَأَصۡلَحُواْ وَبَيَّنُواْ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ أَتُوبُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ وَأَنَا ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (١٦٠)) (Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allâh and cursed by the cursers. (159) Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare (the truth which they concealed). These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accepts repentance, the Most Merciful. (160))

§  The sin mentioned in this ayah is concealing the truth and this is done out of desire. What is the punishment? The curse of Allah (swt) and the curse of the cursers. As long as the person is concealing the truth and not repenting then he has the curse of Allah (swt) upon him, and the curse of Allah (swt) is to be away from Allah’s mercy, there’s no mercy in his life, health, family. May Allah (swt) protect us. Ameen.

§  When you repent, you need to prove you actually repented, in the case of this ayah, they need to fix what they did wrong. For example someone deviated an entire group, so he needs to tell the people what he did is wrong and he needs to clarify the truth.

Surah At Tawbah 102-104: (وَءَاخَرُونَ ٱعۡتَرَفُواْ بِذُنُوبِہِمۡ خَلَطُواْ عَمَلاً۬ صَـٰلِحً۬ا وَءَاخَرَ سَيِّئًا عَسَى ٱللَّهُ أَن يَتُوبَ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ (١٠٢) خُذۡ مِنۡ أَمۡوَٲلِهِمۡ صَدَقَةً۬ تُطَهِّرُهُمۡ وَتُزَكِّيہِم بِہَا وَصَلِّ عَلَيۡهِمۡ‌ۖ إِنَّ صَلَوٰتَكَ سَكَنٌ۬ لَّهُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ (١٠٣) أَلَمۡ يَعۡلَمُوٓاْ أَنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ يَقۡبَلُ ٱلتَّوۡبَةَ عَنۡ عِبَادِهِۦ وَيَأۡخُذُ ٱلصَّدَقَـٰتِ وَأَنَّ ٱللَّهَ هُوَ ٱلتَّوَّابُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ (١٠٤)) (And (there are) others who have acknowledged their sins, they have mixed a deed that was righteous with another that was evil. Perhaps Allâh will turn unto them in forgiveness. Surely, Allâh is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful. (102) Take Sadaqah (alms) from their wealth in order to purify them and sanctify them with it, and invoke Allâh for them. Verily! Your invocations are a source of security for them, and Allâh is All-Hearer, All-Knower. (103) Know they not that Allâh accepts repentance from His slaves and takes the Sadaqât (alms, charity) and that Allah Alone is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful? (104))

§  They have a mixture of good deeds and sins, and this is the majority of us. We’re praying and then we’re backbiting, but it’s important to admit and confess to our mistake. But Allah (swt) gave them permission to repent because they’re confessing to their sin. What do they need to do? Allah (swt) told the Prophet () to take sadaqah from them. In our case, this shows the one in charge needs to push others to repent. What will happen when they give sadaqah? It will purify them and this helps with the repentance.

§  After they do good deeds, then the Prophet () is to make dua’a for them, and in this place, you can make dua’a in front of them. This is a motivation for them and it makes them happy because they admitted they did wrong.

§  Allah (swt) (يقبل التوبة عن عباده) – meaning He pushes them to repentance to accept it on their behalf, He pushes them to give sadaqat so they could repent.

Surah An Nisa’a 15-16: (وَٱلَّـٰتِى يَأۡتِينَ ٱلۡفَـٰحِشَةَ مِن نِّسَآٮِٕڪُمۡ فَٱسۡتَشۡہِدُواْ عَلَيۡهِنَّ أَرۡبَعَةً۬ مِّنڪُمۡ‌ۖ فَإِن شَہِدُواْ فَأَمۡسِكُوهُنَّ فِى ٱلۡبُيُوتِ حَتَّىٰ يَتَوَفَّٮٰهُنَّ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ أَوۡ يَجۡعَلَ ٱللَّهُ لَهُنَّ سَبِيلاً۬ (١٥) وَٱلَّذَانِ يَأۡتِيَـٰنِهَا مِنڪُمۡ فَـَٔاذُوهُمَا‌ۖ فَإِن تَابَا وَأَصۡلَحَا فَأَعۡرِضُواْ عَنۡهُمَآ‌ۗ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ ڪَانَ تَوَّابً۬ا رَّحِيمًا (١٦)) (And those of your women who commit illegal sexual intercourse, take the evidence of four witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify, confine them (i.e. women) to houses until death comes to them or Allâh ordains for them some (other) way. (15) And the two persons (man and woman) among you who commit illegal sexual intercourse, hurt them both. And if they repent (promise Allâh that they will never repeat, i.e. commit illegal sexual intercourse and other similar sins) and do righteous good deeds, leave them alone. Surely, Allâh is Ever All-Forgiving (the One Who forgives and accepts repentance), (and He is) Most Merciful. (16))

§  The sin committed here is adultery. The punishment in this case is for the believer to scold both the man and woman in order to feel it’s wrong. Something should be done to them that would hurt them, for example, to be told to not go out. Hurting them is from someone in charge, and it’s not for the sake of hurting but hurting in order to reformed; in order to realize what they did is wrong. For example, the three who didn’t go to battle were not spoken to for 50 days. Allah (swt) initiates the means to make them feel they did a mistake.

§  When they realize they made a mistake, then they regret, quit and reform themselves, meaning they go back to the correct path, then stop hurting them. Look at how Allah (swt) is using us as means to help others to repent.

Surah An Nisa’a 17-18: (إِنَّمَا ٱلتَّوۡبَةُ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ لِلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلسُّوٓءَ بِجَهَـٰلَةٍ۬ ثُمَّ يَتُوبُونَ مِن قَرِيبٍ۬ فَأُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ يَتُوبُ ٱللَّهُ عَلَيۡہِمۡ‌ۗ وَكَانَ ٱللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَڪِيمً۬ا (١٧) وَلَيۡسَتِ ٱلتَّوۡبَةُ لِلَّذِينَ يَعۡمَلُونَ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ حَتَّىٰٓ إِذَا حَضَرَ أَحَدَهُمُ ٱلۡمَوۡتُ قَالَ إِنِّى تُبۡتُ ٱلۡـَٔـٰنَ وَلَا ٱلَّذِينَ يَمُوتُونَ وَهُمۡ ڪُفَّارٌ‌ۚ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ أَعۡتَدۡنَا لَهُمۡ عَذَابًا أَلِيمً۬ا (١٨)) (Allâh accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they whom Allâh will forgive and Allâh is Ever All¬Knower, All¬Wise. (17) And of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil deeds until death faces one of them and he says: “Now I repent;” nor of those who die while they are disbelievers. For them We have prepared a painful torment. (18))

§  Repentance is for the ones who commit a sin out of (جهالة) – it is important to understand the meaning of (جهالة) because Allah (swt) will not punish you for something you don’t know about or are ignorant about. Someone who does a sin out of (جهالة) means he knows it’s a sin, but he doesn’t feel Allah (swt) is watching him nor does he think it has an evil consequence, subhan Allah. Know for sure that every sin has an evil consequence, even minor sins.

§  (ثم يتوبون من قريب): then they repent without delay, this is the condition. Then Allah (swt) will accept their repentance and Allah (swt) is All-Knowing and All-Wise. Allah (swt) will guide them to repentance based on His knowledge and wisdom.

§  It’s not repentance for Muslims who commit sins and then they see death so they repent. And it’s not repentance for those who disbelief and see death, and then repent, like Firaoun.

Surah An Nisa’a 64: (وَمَآ أَرۡسَلۡنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذۡنِ ٱللَّهِ‌ۚ وَلَوۡ أَنَّهُمۡ إِذ ظَّلَمُوٓاْ أَنفُسَهُمۡ جَآءُوكَ فَٱسۡتَغۡفَرُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱسۡتَغۡفَرَ لَهُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّابً۬ا رَّحِيمً۬ا) (We sent no Messenger, but to be obeyed by Allâh’s Leave. If they (hypocrites), when they had been unjust to themselves, had come to you (Muhammad ) and begged Allâh’s Forgiveness, and the Messenger had begged forgiveness for them: indeed, they would have found Allâh All-Forgiving (One Who forgives and accepts repentance), Most Merciful.)

§  Allah (swt) didn’t send a messenger except to obey him, and this is evidence for those who say they only follow the Quran and not the Sunnah. It’s a sin to not follow the Sunnah of the Prophet ().

§  They sought forgiveness so Allah (swt) gave them permission to repent and Allah (swt) accepted their repentance.

Suran Al Hujurat 12: (يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ ٱجۡتَنِبُواْ كَثِيرً۬ا مِّنَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعۡضَ ٱلظَّنِّ إِثۡمٌ۬‌ۖ وَلَا تَجَسَّسُواْ وَلَا يَغۡتَب بَّعۡضُكُم بَعۡضًا‌ۚ أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُڪُمۡ أَن يَأۡڪُلَ لَحۡمَ أَخِيهِ مَيۡتً۬ا فَكَرِهۡتُمُوهُ‌ۚ وَٱتَّقُواْ ٱللَّهَ‌ۚ إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬) (O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion, indeed some suspicions are sins. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting) . And fear Allâh. Verily, Allâh is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful)

§  This ayah is addressing the believers to avoid suspicion, thinking bad about others, and judging others. It’s about making an assumption inside your mind, and we do this a lot; we can’t go inside the hearts of the people. For example, we think, ‘why don’t they brush their hair, why did this person drive like that? Why did she say that?, etc’

§  Don’t spy on people by checking their phones, looking behind the doors, or using the children and the maids to get news about others.

§  Don’t backbite others, but it’s permissible if someone is oppressed or for seeking advice. For example, if something happens to a student then he can speak to the teacher, this is not backbiting, but it’s backbiting when he goes to tell a student. Or when asking about someone for marriage and they want to find out about the person. If you know they drink, then you should tell the person, you can’t conceal and say that’s backbiting.

§  Do you love to eat the flesh of your brother while he’s dead à this is backbiting. When people backbite, it’s a pleasure. So you need to have taqwa, this is the inner-struggle inside your heart to realize it’s a major sin because the name At Tawwab is mentioned. Taqwa is the solution for these types of sins.

Surah An Nasr: (إِذَا جَآءَ نَصۡرُ ٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡفَتۡحُ (١) وَرَأَيۡتَ ٱلنَّاسَ يَدۡخُلُونَ فِى دِينِ ٱللَّهِ أَفۡوَاجً۬ا (٢) فَسَبِّحۡ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّكَ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡهُ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ ڪَانَ تَوَّابَۢا (٣)) (When there comes the Help of Allâh (to you, O Muhammad () against your enemies) and the conquest (of Makkah), (1) And you see that the people enter Allâh’s religion (Islâm) in crowds, (2) So glorify the Praises of your Lord, and ask His Forgiveness. Verily, He is the One Who accepts the repentance and Who forgives. (3))

Command to repent (الأمر بالتوبة)

Surah An Noor 31: (وَقُل لِّلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ يَغۡضُضۡنَ مِنۡ أَبۡصَـٰرِهِنَّ وَيَحۡفَظۡنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبۡدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنۡهَا‌ۖ وَلۡيَضۡرِبۡنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِہِنَّ‌ۖ وَلَا يُبۡدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوۡ ءَابَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ ءَابَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوۡ أَبۡنَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ أَبۡنَآءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوۡ إِخۡوَٲنِهِنَّ أَوۡ بَنِىٓ إِخۡوَٲنِهِنَّ أَوۡ بَنِىٓ أَخَوَٲتِهِنَّ أَوۡ نِسَآٮِٕهِنَّ أَوۡ مَا مَلَكَتۡ أَيۡمَـٰنُهُنَّ أَوِ ٱلتَّـٰبِعِينَ غَيۡرِ أُوْلِى ٱلۡإِرۡبَةِ مِنَ ٱلرِّجَالِ أَوِ ٱلطِّفۡلِ ٱلَّذِينَ لَمۡ يَظۡهَرُواْ عَلَىٰ عَوۡرَٲتِ ٱلنِّسَآءِ‌ۖ وَلَا يَضۡرِبۡنَ بِأَرۡجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعۡلَمَ مَا يُخۡفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ‌ۚ وَتُوبُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمۡ تُفۡلِحُونَ) (And tell the believing women to lower their gaze (from looking at forbidden things), and protect their private parts (from illegal sexual acts) and not to show off their adornment except only that which is apparent and to draw their veils all over Juyubihinna (i.e. their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms,) and not to reveal their adornment except to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husband’s fathers, or their sons, or their husband’s sons, or their brothers or their brother’s sons, or their sister’s sons, or their (Muslim) women (i.e. their sisters in Islâm), or the (female) slaves whom their right hands possess, or old male servants who lack vigour, or small children who have no sense of the feminine sex. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And all of you beg Allâh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful)

§  We need to make repentance our job all the time because this is a command to repent. If you believe in Allah (swt) then you will repent to Allah (swt) about covering yourself. The more your faith increases the more you want to cover. Faith à repentance à success.

§  Noor means ‘light’, so don’t think the commands are restrictions that make your life ‘dull’, ‘dark’’ and ‘backwards’, rather they give your life ‘light’, subhan Allah.

§  This ayah is a command to the believing women – first you need to lower your gaze, it’s not only men that need to lower their gaze, but woman as well; don’t look at men. Take care of your chastity and this is also the command for men. Then the ayah tells us the woman need to cover themselves – this is a safeguard for society, it protects the women, men, and children. You are precious to Allah (swt) and He doesn’t want anyone to look at you. People have sicknesses of the hearts. And when you wear the hijab, it shouldn’t have adornment, and it should not show your body. You can only show your beauty to muhram men, women and children who don’t know awrat of the women. And if they wear adornment below their covering, it shouldn’t make a sound that it makes others know you’re wearing adornment below.

§  You do this for Allah (swt) and even if you’re covering, you need repentance.

Surah At Tahreem 8: (يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ تُوبُوٓاْ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ تَوۡبَةً۬ نَّصُوحًا عَسَىٰ رَبُّكُمۡ أَن يُكَفِّرَ عَنكُمۡ سَيِّـَٔاتِكُمۡ وَيُدۡخِلَڪُمۡ جَنَّـٰتٍ۬ تَجۡرِى مِن تَحۡتِهَا ٱلۡأَنۡهَـٰرُ يَوۡمَ لَا يُخۡزِى ٱللَّهُ ٱلنَّبِىَّ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ مَعَهُ ۥ‌ۖ نُورُهُمۡ يَسۡعَىٰ بَيۡنَ أَيۡدِيہِمۡ وَبِأَيۡمَـٰنِہِمۡ يَقُولُونَ رَبَّنَآ أَتۡمِمۡ لَنَا نُورَنَا وَٱغۡفِرۡ لَنَآ‌ۖ إِنَّكَ عَلَىٰ ڪُلِّ شَىۡءٍ۬ قَدِيرٌ۬) (O you who believe! Turn to Allâh with sincere repentance! It may be that your Lord will expaite from you your sins, and admit you into Gardens under which rivers flow (Paradise) the Day that Allâh will not disgrace the Prophet (Muhammad ) and those who believe with him, Their Light will run forward before them and (with their Records — Books of deeds) in their right hands They will say: “Our Lord! Keep perfect our Light for us [and do not put it off till we cross over the Sirât (a slippery bridge over the Hell) safely] and grant us forgiveness. Verily, You are Able to do all things)

§  Surah At Tahreem is about making something halal, haram. Allah (swt) is commanding the believers to always repent to Him for His sake. When you repent, you need to regret what you did, what is the recompense? Allah (swt) will expiate your sins, make you enter paradise with rivers flowing below, and Allah (swt) will not disgrace the messengers and believers. What will happen on the Day of Judgement? The believers will have light, so repentance gives you light, and this light is running forward before them. They ask Allah (swt) to complete their light because the light is cut-off for the hypocrites.

§  Knowing Allah At Tawwab makes us realize we need to repent for everything – good and bad – repentance is the way to success and it’s the way our light will go forward on the Day of Judgement.

Privilege for those who repent

Surah Ghafir 7-9: (ٱلَّذِينَ يَحۡمِلُونَ ٱلۡعَرۡشَ وَمَنۡ حَوۡلَهُ ۥ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمۡدِ رَبِّہِمۡ وَيُؤۡمِنُونَ بِهِۦ وَيَسۡتَغۡفِرُونَ لِلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ رَبَّنَا وَسِعۡتَ ڪُلَّ شَىۡءٍ۬ رَّحۡمَةً۬ وَعِلۡمً۬ا فَٱغۡفِرۡ لِلَّذِينَ تَابُواْ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ سَبِيلَكَ وَقِهِمۡ عَذَابَ ٱلۡجَحِيمِ (٧) رَبَّنَا وَأَدۡخِلۡهُمۡ جَنَّـٰتِ عَدۡنٍ ٱلَّتِى وَعَدتَّهُمۡ وَمَن صَلَحَ مِنۡ ءَابَآٮِٕهِمۡ وَأَزۡوَٲجِهِمۡ وَذُرِّيَّـٰتِهِمۡۚ إِنَّكَ أَنتَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَكِيمُ (٨) وَقِهِمُ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِۚ وَمَن تَقِ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ يَوۡمَٮِٕذٍ۬ فَقَدۡ رَحِمۡتَهُ ۥۚ وَذَٲلِكَ هُوَ ٱلۡفَوۡزُ ٱلۡعَظِيمُ (٩)) (Those (angels) who bear the Throne (of Allâh) and those around it glorify the praises of their Lord, and believe in Him, and ask forgiveness for those who believe (in the Oneness of Allâh) (saying): “Our Lord! You comprehend all things in mercy and knowledge, so forgive those who repent and follow Your Way, and save them from the torment of the blazing Fire! (7) “Our Lord! And make them enter the ‘Adn (Eden) Paradise (everlasting Gardens) which you have promised them, — and to the righteous among their fathers, their wives, and their offspring! Verily, You are the All-Mighty, the All-Wise. (8) “And save them from (the punishment, for what they did of) the sins, and whomsoever You save from (the punishment for what he did of) the sins (i.e. pardon him) that Day, him verily, You have taken into mercy.” And that is the supreme success. (9))

§  The angels – the carrier’s of Allah’s Throne – and those around it seek forgiveness for those who repent and follow the way of Allah (swt). They ask Allah (swt) to protect them from the torment of the hellfire, make them enter paradise and from the good ones of their fathers, spouses, and offspring, and to protect them from sins.   

May Allah (swt) make us to repent to Him all the time and grant us success. Ameen.

 

 

Ramadan Special: Sicknesses of the Heart and Taqwa (لعلكم تتقون) – Day 1

Ibn ‘Uthaymeen on April fools And Its Dangers

 

 

Scholar: Imâm Muhammad bin Sâlih bin ´Uthaymîn
Source: islamcast.wordpress.com/2009/03/29
Reference: Darulhadith.com
Translation & video: aFatwa.com

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymîn:

I warn my Muslim brothers against what some stupid people do when they narrate april jokes. This lie have they taken from the jews, the christians, fire-worshipers (Majûs) and other disbelievers.

Not only is this act a lie, which is in itself forbidden according to the Sharî’ah, it also involves imitating the disbelievers, which is forbidden. The prophet (sallâ Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“Whoever imitates a people belongs to them.”

Shaykh-ul-Islâm Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullâh) said:

“Its chain of narration is good.”

The least one could say is that it is forbidden, even if it seemingly entails disbelief.

Together with these two sins, the Muslim becomes humiliated before his enemy. It is generally known that the one who is imitated boasts before the imitator and sees himself as being in front of him. The imitator thus becomes weak so that he imitates him. The believer thusly becomes degraded since he subjugates himself and follows the disbelievers.

The fourth sin is that this filthy lie is often about taking someone else’s money unjustly and scaring the Muslims. They maybe lie and tell the family that they will be having guests. As a result thereof they prepare a great meal and meat and the like. They might also lie and tell them horrifying news of a relative being run over by a car or the like. This is not allowed.

 

 

 

Whoever says ten times immediately after finishing the Fajr/Maghrib Prayer .

whoever-says-ten-times-immediately-after-finishing-the-fajr-dawn-payer1

On the authority of Abu Dharr (radiAllahu anhu), that the Prophet (sallAllahu alayhi wasallam) said –

“Whoever says ten times immediately after finishing the Fajr (Dawn) Payer, before moving from his place or talking to anyone,

“laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyee wa yumeetu wa huwa alaa kulli shay’in qadeer – [ none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah alone having no partner, sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him and He brings life and He causes death and He has full power over everything,]”

ten good deeds will be recorded for him, ten sins will be eliminated from him, he will be upgraded ten degrees (in reward), he will be safeguarded from all kinds of harm all that day, he will be guarded against shaytan and no sin can overtake him on that day (and nullify his good deeds) except associating others in worship with Allaah. (At Tirmidhi no.3484 [5/515])

At-Tirmidhi commented on this hadeeth saying, “This is a hasan, saheeh hadeeth (i.e a good and authentic hadeeth)”.

Likewise it is an act of Sunnah to say dhikr ten times straight after Magrib salah too, according to a hadith related by Imaam Ahmad Hanbal (rahimahullah) on the authority of Umm Salamah (radiAllahu anha), hadith number 26430. Also stated in Sahih Ibn Hibban no. 2023.

Source : A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence – Dr. Salih al-Fawzaan, Volume 1  , Chapter 10

§        عَنْ أَبِي ذَرٍّ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ:

§        “‏ مَنْ قَالَ فِي دُبُرِ صَلاَةِ الْفَجْرِ

o        وَهُوَ ثَانِي رِجْلَيْهِ

o        قَبْلَ أَنْ يَتَكَلَّمَ

§        لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ عَشْرَ مَرَّاتٍ

o        كُتِبَ لَهُ عَشْرُ حَسَنَاتٍ

o        وَمُحِيَ عَنْهُ عَشْرُ سَيِّئَاتٍ

o        وَرُفِعَ لَهُ عَشْرُ دَرَجَاتٍ

o        وَكَانَ يَوْمَهُ ذَلِكَ فِي حِرْزٍ مِنْ كُلِّ مَكْرُوهٍ

o        وَحَرْسٍ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ

o        وَلَمْ يَنْبَغِ لِذَنْبٍ أَنْ يُدْرِكَهُ فِي ذَلِكَ الْيَوْمِ إِلاَّ الشِّرْكَ بِاللَّهِ ‏”‏

رواه الترمذي 3474

الراوي : أبو ذر الغفاري |المحدث : الألباني|المصدر : صحيح الترغيب الصفحة أو الرقم: 472 |خلاصة حكم المحدث : حسن لغيره

 

§  Abu Dharr narrated that:  The Messenger of Allah () said:

§  “Whoever says at the end of every Fajr prayer,

o   while his feet are still folded,

o   before speaking:

§  ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, Alone without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him is the praise, He gives life and causes death, and He is powerful over all things, (Lā ilāha illallāh, wadahu lā sharīka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-amdu, yuyī wa yumītu, wa huwa `alā kulli shay’in qadīr)’ ten times,

o   then ten good deeds shall be written for him,

o   ten evil deeds shall be wiped away from him,

o   ten degrees shall be raised up for him,

o   and he shall be in security all that day from every disliked thing,

o   and he shall be in protection from Shaitan,

o   and no sin will meet him or destroy him that day, except for associating partners with Allah.”

– Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3474, Authenticated by Al Albani as Hasan

 

§        أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ:

§        من قال دُبُرَ صلاةِ الغَداةِ :

o        لا إِلهَ إلا اللهُ وحدَه لا شرِيكَ لهُ ، له المُلْكُ ، و له الحمدُ ، يُحْيِي و يُميتُ ، بيدِه الخيرُ ، و هو على كلِّ شيءٍ قديرٌ مِائةَ مرةً ،

§        قبلَ أنْ يَثْنِيَ رِجلَيِه ،

§        كان يومئِذٍ من أفضلِ أهلِ الأرضِ عملًا ،

o        إلا مَن قال مِثلَ ما قال ، أو زادَ على ما قالَ

 

 الراوي : أبو أمامة الباهلي |المحدث : الألباني|المصدر : صحيح الترغيب الصفحة أو الرقم: 476 |خلاصة حكم المحدث : حسن

§  Abu Amamah Al Bahli narrated that:  The Messenger of Allah () said:

§  “Whoever says at the end of every Fajr prayer,

o   ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, Alone without partner, to Him belongs all that exists, and to Him is the praise, He gives life and causes death, in His Hand is all goodness and He is powerful over all things, (Lā ilāha illallāh, wadahu lā sharīka lahu, lahul-mulku wa lahul-amdu, yuyī wa yumītu, bi yadihil-khairu kulluhu, wa huwa `alā kulli shay’in qadīr)’ hundred times

§  Before he unfolds his feet,

§  Then on that day he is from the best people on earth in terms of deeds,

o   Except who says like him, or says more than him

Sahih At Targheeb 476, Authenticated by Al Albani as Hasan

 

 

 

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