How to remove jealousy between the students of knowledge
Explained by Shaykh Sulayman Ar-Ruhaylee حفظه الله
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee حفظه الله
Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim
Transcription of the Audio :
The above audio is transcribed and prepared by: Abu Summayah (Idiris ibn Ali)
The first issue; I see many of the people those who appear to be committed not only committed to the obligatory acts of worship rather also committed to the optional acts of worship. And those are fards which are recommended such as remembrance Allah after the prayer such as saying Tasbeeh (SubhanAllah), Tahmeed (Alhamdulilaah) and the Takbeer (Allahu Akbar) and things like this.
I see some of them when they want to work by the statement of the Messenger of Allah sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam when he said – <>. And this narration is authentic for it was narrated by Imam Muslim in his Saheeh
When they want to work by this hadeeth, you see some of them not even close to making a distinction with their tongue when saying “SubhanAllah” and “Alhamdulilaah” and “Allahu Akbar”. So what do you hear (and the shaykh starts imitating them by saying “SubhanAllah” very quickly). Have you seen like I have seen, I think you have. I’m not the only one here who seen this so what should we call this sabsabee (meaning what said in this fashion it cannot be called Tasbeeh). And then they go (the shaykh starts imitating them by saying “Alhamdulilaah” very quickly). This is not saying “SubhanAllah”, this is not saying Alhamdulilaah and then they go (the shaykh starts imitating them by saying Allahu Akbar very quickly). In an instance in a second, they have finished the entire 100.
The one who praises Allah hundred times in the afore mentioned manner, what is the reward for this? Allah will forgive him for his sins even if they were like the foam of the ocean?. Is the reward the same for the one who says it in a rush hared manner?, Allah forbid. Therefore it is upon us to take our time and be deliberate and to say “SubhanAllah”, “SubhanAllah”, “SubhanAllah”, “Alhamdulilaah”, “Alhamdulilaah” up until the end..
I do not intend by my speech which I’m about to say to prevent the people from saying SubhanAllah 33 times and praising Allah as is found in the remaining part of the hadeeth. Rather I only intend to bring something for those who rush, something which is Islamically better for them and easier for them to do.
And I think you will be hearing this hadeeth for the very first time or at least some of you will be hearing it for the first time. It is very important hadeeth and it is also hadeeth which is authentic and has collected by Imam An-Naasa’i and Hakim and other then them and has been narrated from two companions with two authentic chains of narrations 
A man from the companions of the Prophet sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam saw a person in his dream and the person asked him a question – he said “What have you been taught by the Messenger” he said he had taught us “SubhanAllah” and then he mentioned the number we already clarified in the previous hadeeth. And so the person said to the person who is having the dream, make it 25, make it 25 meaning say “SubhanAllah walhamdulillaah, walaa ilaaha illal Allah, wallaahu Akbar” 25 times, say all 4 of them together 25 times. So instead of the person counting out 100, how will he count? He will count out 25 and by counting out 25 like this it’s going to force the person to go slow and he will not be able to rush like the rushing that we have severely criticised. So regardless of how fast the person tries to rush saying “SubhanAllah” he will not be able to because after that he has to say “Alhamdulilaah” so regardless how much he wants to rush, he’s going to have to pronounce the phrases in a more compete manner than if he were to say (the shaykh starts saying “SubhanAllah” very quickly). Just as the one who wants to praise Allah by saying La illaha illa Allah, La illaha illa Allah, La illaha illa Allah and then after a while you hear them praising Allah and it has become Allaah, Allaah, Allaah.. (the Shaykh starts saying Allah, Allah, Allah very quick)
Therefore this is a protection for those individuals who rush after the prayer in making the Tasbeeh and making the Tahmeed. When they do in the manner which is mentioned in the first hadeeth, they rush it so it is upon them to join these four phrases together and to say them 25 times so they will say “SubhanAllah walhamdulillaah, walaa ilaaha illal Allah, wallaahu Akbar”. They will say this 25 times and this is better according to the text of the hadeeth because this person saw in his dream and there could be a dream which is confused and we aren’t the people who can explain dreams so we don’t know the explanation of it but this man, he saw a vision and he narrated this to the Prophet sallalahu alaihi wa sallam and so his answer to him was “then do it like this, then do it like this”
So now we have a fiqh question, is this abrogating the first hadeeth saying SubhanAllah 33 times, Alhamdulilaah 33 times, Allahu Akbar 33 times and to the end of the hadeeth. No. this is not abrogating it but rather it is a preference, so if the person when he is finished his prayer is able to say the remembrance 33 times in a calm, deliberate manner then there is nothing preventing him from doing this but it will be better to combine these 4 phrases together and say them 25 times “SubhanAllah walhamdulillaah, walaa ilaaha illal Allah, wallaahu Akbar” .. like this 25 times and this will be better then what appears in the first hadeeth.
 Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) as saying:If anyone extols Allah after every prayer thirty-three times, and praises Allah thirty-three times, and declares His Greatness thirty-three times, ninety-nine times in all, and says to complete a hundred:” There is no god but Allah, having no partner with Him, to Him belongs sovereignty and to Him is praise due, and He is Potent over everything,” his sins will be forgiven even If these are as abundant as the foam of the sea. [Sahih Muslim in the Book of Prayers]
حَدَّثَنِي عَبْدُ الْحَمِيدِ بْنُ بَيَانٍ الْوَاسِطِيُّ، أَخْبَرَنَا خَالِدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ سُهَيْلٍ، عَنْ أَبِي عُبَيْدٍ الْمَذْحِجِيِّ، – قَالَ مُسْلِمٌ أَبُو عُبَيْدٍ مَوْلَى سُلَيْمَانَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْمَلِكِ – عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ يَزِيدَ اللَّيْثِيِّ، عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ، عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” مَنْ سَبَّحَ اللَّهَ فِي دُبُرِ كُلِّ صَلاَةٍ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَحَمِدَ اللَّهَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَكَبَّرَ اللَّهَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ فَتِلْكَ تِسْعَةٌ وَتِسْعُونَ وَقَالَ تَمَامَ الْمِائَةِ لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَىْءٍ قَدِيرٌ غُفِرَتْ خَطَايَاهُ وَإِنْ كَانَتْ مِثْلَ زَبَدِ الْبَحْرِ ” .
 It was narrated from Ibn ‘Umar radi-Allah an’ that : A man saw in a dream that it was said to him: “What does your Prophet (salalahu alaihi salam) command you to do?” He said: “He commanded us to say Tasbih thirty-three times following the prayer, and to say the tahmid thirty-three times, and to say the takbir thirty-four times, and that makes one-hundred.” He said: Say the tasbih twenty-five times and say the tahmid twenty-five times and say the takbir twenty-five times and say the tahlil twenty-five times, and that will make one hundred.” The following morning he told the Prophet (salalahu alaihi salam) about that and the Messenger of Allah (salalahu alaihi salam) said: “Do what the Ansari said.” (Hasan) [Sunan An-Nasa’i in the book of forgetfulness of Prayer). There is also another narration of the hadeeth by Zaid ibn Thabit
أَخْبَرَنَا عُبَيْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ عَبْدِ الْكَرِيمِ أَبُو زُرْعَةَ الرَّازِيُّ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ يُونُسَ، قَالَ حَدَّثَنِي عَلِيُّ بْنُ الْفُضَيْلِ بْنِ عِيَاضٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الْعَزِيزِ بْنِ أَبِي رَوَّادٍ، عَنْ نَافِعٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، أَنَّ رَجُلاً، رَأَى فِيمَا يَرَى النَّائِمُ قِيلَ لَهُ بِأَىِّ شَىْءٍ أَمَرَكُمْ نَبِيُّكُمْ صلى الله عليه وسلم قَالَ أَمَرَنَا أَنْ نُسَبِّحَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَنَحْمَدَ ثَلاَثًا وَثَلاَثِينَ وَنُكَبِّرَ أَرْبَعًا وَثَلاَثِينَ فَتِلْكَ مِائَةٌ . قَالَ سَبِّحُوا خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ وَاحْمَدُوا خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ وَكَبِّرُوا خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ وَهَلِّلُوا خَمْسًا وَعِشْرِينَ فَتِلْكَ مِائَةٌ فَلَمَّا أَصْبَحَ ذَكَرَ ذَلِكَ لِلنَّبِيِّ صلى الله عليه وسلم فَقَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم ” افْعَلُوا كَمَا قَالَ الأَنْصَارِيُّ ” .
Share this, Baarakallaah Feekum: [“One who guides to something good has a reward similar to that of its doer” – Saheeh Muslim vol.3, no.4665]
1. The piety and humility of the Salaf
When Ramadan came to a close, the rightly guided predecessors (As-Salaf As-Saalih) used to frequently seek forgiveness, repent to Allah – The Mighty and Majestic – and fear that their (deeds) would not be accepted. They used to exert themselves (in worship) in Ramadan and outside of Ramadan, afterwards they would be fearful that none of this will be accepted.
2. How the Salaf behaved when Ramadan was approaching and when it left
They used to seek the forgiveness of Allah and repent. So much so that it was reported that they would supplicate to Allah for six months that He would allow them to reach Ramadan. If He allowed them to reach Ramadan, they would fast, pray at night and supplicate for the next six months that He accepts the month of Ramadan from them.
3. Signs that Ramadan has been accepted
Following good deeds with good is a sign that (an act) has been accepted, whether it is pertaining to Ramadan or other than it. If the Muslim is in a good state after Ramadan, performing many good deeds and righteous actions, then this is a proof of acceptance.
4. Signs that Ramadan has not been accepted
If the opposite is true, and he follows good with evil, and as soon as Ramadan is over he follows on from this with sins, heedlessness and turning away from the obedience of Allah, then this is a proof that it has not been accepted.
Every person knows their true situation after Ramadan. So let them look, if they are in a better state, then let them thank Allah, as this shows (that it has been) accepted. If their state is worse, then let them repent to Allah and seek the forgiveness of Allah, as this is a proof that it has not been accepted and it is a proof of negligence and carelessness.
5. Do not despair of the Mercy of Allah
But the slave should not lose hope of the mercy of Allah. He should not close the door that is between him and Allah and despair of the mercy of Allah.
“Say: O my slaves who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins). Do not despair of the Mercy of Allah: verily Allah forgives all sins. He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”
It is upon him to repent, seek the forgiveness of Alaah and return to Allah – The Mighty and Majestic.
Allah – The Mighty and Majestic – accepts repentance from those that repent.
“And He it is Who accepts repentance from His slaves, and forgives sins, and He knows what you do.”
And the peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad.
By the Shaykh, ‘Allaamah Saalih al-Fawzaan – Ithaaf Ahlil Eemaan bi Duroos Shahr Ar-Ramadan pg. 119-12 – Translated by Hassan As-Somali
‘The Night Prayers’ by Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee (rahimahullah) As-Sunnah Islamic Newsletter Issue 15
What is Qiyaam al-Layl?
‘Qiyaam’ means ‘standing’ and ‘Qiyaam al-Layl’ means ‘standing in night.’ In the Islamic terminology, both terms refer to, ‘the voluntary night prayer, whose time extends from after Isha prayer until dawn.’ Other common names for Qiyaam al-Layl are, Salaat ul-Layl (the night prayer), Tahajjud (from hajada meaning remained awake at night), Witr (odd-numbered this term is also used to refer to the last one or three Raka’ah of Qiyaam) and Taraweeh (resting). A widespread misconception is that Tahajjud is a different night prayer than Qiyaam or Taraweeh. It is important to clarify this misunderstanding and to make clear that there is only one nafl night prayer known by different names. Even though the term Taraweeh is more commonly used to describe the night prayer in Ramadan, it is not different from Tahajjud. Thus, the practice of praying Taraweeh in the earlier part of the night and Tahajjud in the later part should be stopped.
The Excellence of Qiyaam al-Layl
Numerous Ahaadeeth and Qur’aanic verses mention the excellence of Qiyaam al-Layl and the merit of those who perform it regularly. Umm al-Mumineen, Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:
“The most beloved deeds to Allaah are the most constant, even if they were little.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim] and she said in another narration: “Do not ever stop praying Qiyaam.
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) never ceased praying it. When he was sick or weak, he prayed sitting.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslims] He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “You should pray Qiyaam al-Layl, for it is the habit of the righteous people who came before you, and it will bring you closer to your Lord, expiate for bad deeds, prevent sin, and expel disease from the body.” [At-Tirmidhee and Musnad Ahmad] Narrated Mu’adh Ibn Jabal (radhi allahu anhu): ‘The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to him:
“May I show you the gates of goodness?’ (they are), “(a) Fasting is screen from Hell, (b) As-Sadaqah extinguishes the sins, as water extinguishes fire, (c) Standing in Salaat (prayer) by a slave of Allaah during the last third part of a night.” Then the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) recited the verse: “Their (believer’s) sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope; and they spend out of what We have bestowed on them.”‘ [Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhee]
Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “The best of prayer after those prescribed (i.e. obligatory prayer) is that in the depth of night.” [Saheeh Muslims] Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “May Allaah have mercy on a man who wakes up at night, prays, and wakes his wife to pray; and if she refuses, he sprinkles water on her face. And may Allaah have mercy on a woman who wakes up at night, prays, and wakes her husband to pray; and if he refuses, she sprinkles water on his face.” [(Hasan) Abu Dawood ]
Abdullah Ibn Bashr (radhi allahu anhu) reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saying: “Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting ten verses, he will not be recorded among the negligent. Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one hundred verses, he will be recorded among the devout. And whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one thousand verses, he will be recorded among those with a multitude of good deeds.” [(Hasan) Abu Dawood]
7 Practical Tips for praying Qiyaam al-Layl
1: Ikhlas (Sincerity) – the key to Allaah’s Help and Blessings
Help of Allaah is needed to accomplish and achieve success in all our affairs. And Allaah only helps those who are sincere in their hearts. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “If you are truthful with Allaah, then Allaah will deliver to you what you wish for.” [An-Nasa’ee, al-Hakim and Saheeh al-Jamee] Therefore, one should have a sincere intention to pray Qiyaam al-Layl; seek the Pleasure of Allaah Alone and avoid the desire of praise or fame. Allaah says: “And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone…” [(98): 5] Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said: “The degree to which a person is helped and aided by Allaah depends on the degree of his intention, drive, aim and hopes. Help from Allaah comes to people in proportion to their drive, intention, hopes and fears, and failure comes to them in like manner.”
2: Knowing the Virtues of Qiyaam al-Layl
Knowing the virtues and rewards of performing worship produces willingness and desire to perform the worship. We have previously mentioned numerous virtues of regularly praying Qiyaam al-Layl, here we mention the excellence of praying Qiyaam al-Layl particularly in the great month of Ramadan. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) encouraged the people, without making it an absolute command, to perform Qiyaam during Ramadan. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to say: “Whoever stands (in Qiyaam) in Ramadan out of faith and expectation (of Allaah’s reward), all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Saheeh Muslim]
3: Taking a nap in the daytime
Taking a nap before or after Dhur Salaat will dismiss the stress and thus enable one to get up in the night and stand in front of his Lord. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Take a nap, for the Shayateen (pl. of Shaytan) do not take naps.” [Reported by at-Tabaranee. Al-Saheehah (2647)]
4: Sleeping according to the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger
(a) Sleep early: Sleeping early is a healthy habit and it was the practice of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to sleep directly after performing the Isha prayer. Abu Barzah al-Aslami (radhi allahu anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to prefer to delay Isha, and he did not like to sleep before it or talk after it.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]
(b) Sleep in a state of taharah (purity): Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Purify these bodies and Allaah will purify you, for there is no slave who goes to sleep in a state of purity but an Angel spends the night with him, and every time he turns over, [the Angel] says, ‘O Allaah! Forgive Your slave, for he went to bed in a state of purity.’” [Reported by at-Tabaranee. See Saheeh al-Jamee (3831)]
(c) Choose a suitable bed: Excessive luxurious or soft bed provokes laziness and makes one sleep more and become negligent.
Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) narrates that the pillow of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) on which he slept at night was made of leather stuffed with palm fibers.” [Abu Dawood and Musnad Ahmad. Saheeh al-Jamee (4714)] Once Umar Ibn al-Khattab (radhi allahu anhu) entered upon the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) when he was lying on a mat of palm fibers that had left marks on his side. Umar (radhi allahu anhu) said: “O Messenger of Allah, why do you not get something more comfortable than this?” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “What do I have to do with this world? My relationship with this world is like that of a traveller on a hot summer’s day, who seeks shade under a tree for an hour, then moves on.” [Musnad Ahmad and al-Hakim. Saheeh al-Jamee (5545)]
(d) Cleaning the bed and lying on the right side. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “When any one of you goes to bed, let him clear his bed by hitting it with his garment, for he does not know what may have come onto it. Then let him lie down on his right side…” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]
(e) Reciting the Adhkaar (supplications) mentioned in the Sunnah before sleeping. There are a number of Adhkaar prescribed in the Sunnah before going to bed, amongst them are reciting the last verses of Surah al-Baqarah, reciting Surah al-Falaq and Surah al-Nas and Surah Ikhlas blow in the palms and wipe as much of the body possible, starting from the head, face and then the front of the body doing it three times. [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (radhi allahu anhu) reported that when the Prophet’s daughter, Fatima (radhi allahu anha) came to him and asked him for a servant, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to her and Ali: “Shall I not teach you something that will be better for you than a servant? When you go to bed, say ‘SubhanAllaah’ thirty-three times, ‘Al-hamdulillaah’ thirty-three times, and ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty-four times. This is better for you than a servant.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]
5: Avoid too much food and drink Too much food or drink is one of the main obstacles that make one lazy and negligent of Qiyaam al-Layl. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Man fills no vessel worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to have a few mouthfuls to give him the strength he needs. If he has to fill his stomach, then let him leave one-third for food, one-third for drink and one-third for air.” [Reported by at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Majah. Saheeh al-Jamee (5674)]
Abu Juhayfah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to a man who burped in his presence: “Stop your burping, for the people who eat the most in this life will be the most hungry on the Day of Resurrection.” [Reported by al-Hakim. Saheeh al-Jamee (1190)]
6: Striving against oneself: Striving against oneself to get up and pray and suppressing one’s desires bring about Allaah’s help and His Pleasure for the slave. Allaah says in the Qur’aan: “Strive in Allaah’s Cause as you ought to strive…” [Surah al-Hajj (25): 78] “And as for those who strive hard in Our Cause, We will surely guide them to Our Paths. And verily, Allaah is with the Muhsinoon (good-doers).” [ (29): 69] The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “The Mujahid (one who strives in way of Allaah) is the one who strives against his own self for the sake of Allaah.” [Reported by al-Tirmidhee. See al-Saheehah (549)]
He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said: “When a man from my Ummah gets up to pray at night, striving against his own self to get up and purify himself, there are knots on him. When he washes his hands in wudhu, one knot is undone. When he washes his face, another knot is undone. When he wipes his head another knot is undone. When he washes his feet, another knot is undone. Then Allaah says to those who are veiled (in the Unseen): ‘Look at this slave of Mine, he is striving against his own self and asking of Me. Whatever My slave asks of Me shall be his.” [Musnad Ahmad. See Saheeh al-Targheeb (627)]
7: Rebuking one’s self for not praying Qiyaam al-Layl
Qiyaam al-Layl is a great blessing from Allaah, the Exalted, and He has placed in it numerous spiritual benefits and rewards for the believer. Therefore, one should rebuke one’s self, if he misses this great opportunity of achieving rewards and Pleasure of Allaah. Allaah says in the Qur’aan: “O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do.” [(59): 18] Imam Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said: “If the slave is responsible and accountable for everything, even his hearing, sight and innermost thoughts, as Allaah says,
“…Verily, hearing, sight, and the heart of each of you will be questioned by Allaah.” [Surah al-Isra (17): 36], then he should check on himself before he is brought to account.”