‘The Night Prayers’ & TIPS – Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee

Night prayer

‘The Night Prayers’ by Shaykh Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee (rahimahullah) As-Sunnah Islamic Newsletter Issue 15

What is Qiyaam al-Layl?

‘Qiyaam’ means ‘standing’ and ‘Qiyaam al-Layl’ means ‘standing in night.’ In the Islamic terminology, both terms refer to, ‘the voluntary night prayer, whose time extends from after Isha prayer until dawn.’ Other common names for Qiyaam al-Layl are, Salaat ul-Layl (the night prayer), Tahajjud (from hajada meaning remained awake at night), Witr (odd-numbered this term is also used to refer to the last one or three Raka’ah of Qiyaam) and Taraweeh (resting). A widespread misconception is that Tahajjud is a different night prayer than Qiyaam or Taraweeh. It is important to clarify this misunderstanding and to make clear that there is only one nafl night prayer known by different names. Even though the term Taraweeh is more commonly used to describe the night prayer in Ramadan, it is not different from Tahajjud. Thus, the practice of praying Taraweeh in the earlier part of the night and Tahajjud in the later part should be stopped.

The Excellence of Qiyaam al-Layl

Numerous Ahaadeeth and Qur’aanic verses mention the excellence of Qiyaam al-Layl and the merit of those who perform it regularly. Umm al-Mumineen, Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said:

“The most beloved deeds to Allaah are the most constant, even if they were little.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim] and she said in another narration: “Do not ever stop praying Qiyaam.

The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) never ceased praying it. When he was sick or weak, he prayed sitting.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslims] He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “You should pray Qiyaam al-Layl, for it is the habit of the righteous people who came before you, and it will bring you closer to your Lord, expiate for bad deeds, prevent sin, and expel disease from the body.” [At-Tirmidhee and Musnad Ahmad] Narrated Mu’adh Ibn Jabal (radhi allahu anhu): ‘The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to him:

“May I show you the gates of goodness?’ (they are), “(a) Fasting is screen from Hell, (b) As-Sadaqah extinguishes the sins, as water extinguishes fire, (c) Standing in Salaat (prayer) by a slave of Allaah during the last third part of a night.” Then the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) recited the verse: “Their (believer’s) sides forsake their beds, to invoke their Lord in fear and hope; and they spend out of what We have bestowed on them.”‘ [Abu Dawood and at-Tirmidhee]

Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “The best of prayer after those prescribed (i.e. obligatory prayer) is that in the depth of night.” [Saheeh Muslims] Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “May Allaah have mercy on a man who wakes up at night, prays, and wakes his wife to pray; and if she refuses, he sprinkles water on her face. And may Allaah have mercy on a woman who wakes up at night, prays, and wakes her husband to pray; and if he refuses, she sprinkles water on his face.” [(Hasan) Abu Dawood ]

Abdullah Ibn Bashr (radhi allahu anhu) reported Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) saying: “Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting ten verses, he will not be recorded among the negligent. Whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one hundred verses, he will be recorded among the devout. And whoever prays Qiyaam reciting one thousand verses, he will be recorded among those with a multitude of good deeds.” [(Hasan) Abu Dawood]

7 Practical Tips for praying Qiyaam al-Layl

1: Ikhlas (Sincerity) – the key to Allaah’s Help and Blessings

Help of Allaah is needed to accomplish and achieve success in all our affairs. And Allaah only helps those who are sincere in their hearts. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “If you are truthful with Allaah, then Allaah will deliver to you what you wish for.” [An-Nasa’ee, al-Hakim and Saheeh al-Jamee] Therefore, one should have a sincere intention to pray Qiyaam al-Layl; seek the Pleasure of Allaah Alone and avoid the desire of praise or fame. Allaah says: “And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone…” [(98): 5] Imam Ibn al-Qayyim said: “The degree to which a person is helped and aided by Allaah depends on the degree of his intention, drive, aim and hopes. Help from Allaah comes to people in proportion to their drive, intention, hopes and fears, and failure comes to them in like manner.”

2: Knowing the Virtues of Qiyaam al-Layl

Knowing the virtues and rewards of performing worship produces willingness and desire to perform the worship. We have previously mentioned numerous virtues of regularly praying Qiyaam al-Layl, here we mention the excellence of praying Qiyaam al-Layl particularly in the great month of Ramadan. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) encouraged the people, without making it an absolute command, to perform Qiyaam during Ramadan. He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to say: “Whoever stands (in Qiyaam) in Ramadan out of faith and expectation (of Allaah’s reward), all his previous sins will be forgiven.” [Saheeh Muslim]

3: Taking a nap in the daytime

Taking a nap before or after Dhur Salaat will dismiss the stress and thus enable one to get up in the night and stand in front of his Lord. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Take a nap, for the Shayateen (pl. of Shaytan) do not take naps.” [Reported by at-Tabaranee. Al-Saheehah (2647)]

4: Sleeping according to the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger

(a) Sleep early: Sleeping early is a healthy habit and it was the practice of Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) to sleep directly after performing the Isha prayer. Abu Barzah al-Aslami (radhi allahu anhu) said that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to prefer to delay Isha, and he did not like to sleep before it or talk after it.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]

(b) Sleep in a state of taharah (purity): Ibn Abbas (radhi allahu anhu) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Purify these bodies and Allaah will purify you, for there is no slave who goes to sleep in a state of purity but an Angel spends the night with him, and every time he turns over, [the Angel] says, ‘O Allaah! Forgive Your slave, for he went to bed in a state of purity.’” [Reported by at-Tabaranee. See Saheeh al-Jamee (3831)]

(c) Choose a suitable bed: Excessive luxurious or soft bed provokes laziness and makes one sleep more and become negligent.

Aa’ishah (radhi allahu anha) narrates that the pillow of the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) on which he slept at night was made of leather stuffed with palm fibers.” [Abu Dawood and Musnad Ahmad. Saheeh al-Jamee (4714)] Once Umar Ibn al-Khattab (radhi allahu anhu) entered upon the Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) when he was lying on a mat of palm fibers that had left marks on his side. Umar (radhi allahu anhu) said: “O Messenger of Allah, why do you not get something more comfortable than this?” He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “What do I have to do with this world? My relationship with this world is like that of a traveller on a hot summer’s day, who seeks shade under a tree for an hour, then moves on.” [Musnad Ahmad and al-Hakim. Saheeh al-Jamee (5545)]

(d) Cleaning the bed and lying on the right side. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) reported: “The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “When any one of you goes to bed, let him clear his bed by hitting it with his garment, for he does not know what may have come onto it. Then let him lie down on his right side…” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]

(e) Reciting the Adhkaar (supplications) mentioned in the Sunnah before sleeping. There are a number of Adhkaar prescribed in the Sunnah before going to bed, amongst them are reciting the last verses of Surah al-Baqarah, reciting Surah al-Falaq and Surah al-Nas and Surah Ikhlas blow in the palms and wipe as much of the body possible, starting from the head, face and then the front of the body doing it three times. [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]

Ali Ibn Abi Talib (radhi allahu anhu) reported that when the Prophet’s daughter, Fatima (radhi allahu anha) came to him and asked him for a servant, he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to her and Ali: “Shall I not teach you something that will be better for you than a servant? When you go to bed, say ‘SubhanAllaah’ thirty-three times, ‘Al-hamdulillaah’ thirty-three times, and ‘Allahu Akbar’ thirty-four times. This is better for you than a servant.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]

5: Avoid too much food and drink Too much food or drink is one of the main obstacles that make one lazy and negligent of Qiyaam al-Layl. The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “Man fills no vessel worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to have a few mouthfuls to give him the strength he needs. If he has to fill his stomach, then let him leave one-third for food, one-third for drink and one-third for air.” [Reported by at-Tirmidhee and Ibn Majah. Saheeh al-Jamee (5674)]

Abu Juhayfah (radhi allahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said to a man who burped in his presence: “Stop your burping, for the people who eat the most in this life will be the most hungry on the Day of Resurrection.” [Reported by al-Hakim. Saheeh al-Jamee (1190)]

6: Striving against oneself: Striving against oneself to get up and pray and suppressing one’s desires bring about Allaah’s help and His Pleasure for the slave. Allaah says in the Qur’aan: “Strive in Allaah’s Cause as you ought to strive…” [Surah al-Hajj (25): 78] “And as for those who strive hard in Our Cause, We will surely guide them to Our Paths. And verily, Allaah is with the Muhsinoon (good-doers).” [ (29): 69] The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said: “The Mujahid (one who strives in way of Allaah) is the one who strives against his own self for the sake of Allaah.” [Reported by al-Tirmidhee. See al-Saheehah (549)]

He (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) also said: “When a man from my Ummah gets up to pray at night, striving against his own self to get up and purify himself, there are knots on him. When he washes his hands in wudhu, one knot is undone. When he washes his face, another knot is undone. When he wipes his head another knot is undone. When he washes his feet, another knot is undone. Then Allaah says to those who are veiled (in the Unseen): ‘Look at this slave of Mine, he is striving against his own self and asking of Me. Whatever My slave asks of Me shall be his.” [Musnad Ahmad. See Saheeh al-Targheeb (627)]

7: Rebuking one’s self for not praying Qiyaam al-Layl

Qiyaam al-Layl is a great blessing from Allaah, the Exalted, and He has placed in it numerous spiritual benefits and rewards for the believer. Therefore, one should rebuke one’s self, if he misses this great opportunity of achieving rewards and Pleasure of Allaah. Allaah says in the Qur’aan: “O you who believe! Fear Allaah and keep your duty to Him. And let every person look to what he has sent forth for the morrow, and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is All-Aware of what you do.” [(59): 18] Imam Ibn al-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said: “If the slave is responsible and accountable for everything, even his hearing, sight and innermost thoughts, as Allaah says,

“…Verily, hearing, sight, and the heart of each of you will be questioned by Allaah.” [Surah al-Isra (17): 36], then he should check on himself before he is brought to account.”

Special Ramadan ‘s Gift

1. Dhikr morning, evening and at the time of sleep

Formatted 10 Duaa (2015) – For students

Ramadaan Reminders 1

Ramadaan 2

Worship In Ramadan

Pre Ramadan talk : Welcome Ramadan

Worship in Ramadan_Day1_2015

Hadith 14 : The blood of a Muslim

HADITH 14
عنْ ابنِ مسعودٍ رَضِي اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: قالَ رسولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: {لاَ يَحِلُّ دَمُ امْرِئٍ مُسْلِمٍ يَشْهَدُ أَن لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ اللهُ وأَنِّي رسُولُ اللهِ إِلاَّ بِإِحْدَى ثَلاَثٍ: الثَّيِّبِ الزَّانِي، وَالنَّفْسِ بِالنَّفْسِ، وَالتَّارِكِ لِدِينِهِ الْمُفَارِقِ لِلْجَمَاعَةِ}.
رواه البخاريُّ ومسلمٌ.

Abdullah bin Masud narrated that the messenger of Allah said :

“The blood of a Muslim may not be legally spilt other than in one of three [instances] : the married person who commits adultery; a life for a life; and one who forsakes his religion and abandons the community.” it was related by Bukhari and Muslim

The ahadith in the Forty hadith collection speak of the foundations of the religion. Like in hadith no.1 is the foundation of niyyah and ikhlas, and other hadith about rejecting bid’ah. This hadith is foundation that spilling the blood is haram. The general ruling that it is haram to spill the blood and if we spill the blood we need an evidence.

Not permissible here means it is haram. There are many ahadith that show that it is haram to spill the blood of a Muslim. The one who denies these evidences then he has left the religion. It is like he says zina is halal or alcohol is halal the same ruling applies. If he is ignorant then he is taught the truth that it is haram to kill the believer.

We do not take from this hadith that it is permissible to spill the blood of a non muslim. There is a hadith that says whoever kills a mu’ahad he will not smell the smell of paradise. It is not permissible to kill the people who have treaties with the Muslims and other cases where a leader allows people to come into the country for safety and there are those who pay the jizyah (tax) and are not allowed to be harmed.

The one who doesn’t zina is of two kind :
The Tayyib or al Muhsaan the one the Nikka’s was valid
and the Bikr

One of the instances only has to be present not all three of them. The married person applies to the one who is married currently or was married before. If the person is not currently in a marriage contract it still applies to them.

Those who do adultery are of two types:
1. The one who has been married and the other who has not been married. The Tayyib or Muhsin
2. The one who is not married gets lashed 100 times and in the correct opinion he is exiled from the city for one year(expel one from the land , to make them avoid it again when judge think that expel will not fill the purpose then judge can replace it with something similar like a jail ) .The Bikr
The one who has been married gets the punishment of being stoned to death. There is a difference of opinion of they get lashed before being stoned.

The punishment in Islam is the responsibility of the ruler of the country . The judge is appointed by the ruler and the one who will execute it are all under the authority of the ruler .

The one who has been married is worst than the one who has not being married , his house ,wife will be affected ,
The one who has not been marriage ,is biggest harm is themselves ,dignity …

Abrogation in Quran :
Ayah abrogated , then better or equal to it been revealed
New text come ,and the text wipe out the ruling of the old text .

Like Zina , the heifer was close them in room till they die …the ayah remain but the ruling no longer remain

Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) may keep the ayah and remove the ruling if the ayah and there is a wisdom doing was . So you can understand the past and now .

Or the ayah is removed but the ruling is there . Like if the man and women does it then kill them . But the ruling remain . The word has been abrogated .

Some other the word and ruling has been abrogated .

Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) does what he want . We don’t remove an ayah unless we bring better .

The Rafidaah will say the sahabah or righteous caliphs remove some ayah…the link the action of Abu Bakr AsSiddiq (رضي الله عنه) of gathering the Quran and removing some ayah and link the action of Uthman …

The stoning ayah word are not there but the meaning is there .

The married person deserves capital punishment in some cases .

Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) wipe the sin totally .

A life for a life. The practice from the arabs is to kill someone important from that family instead of the person who did the killing. This is not permissible in Islam, the punishment goes to the one who did the crime of killing.

If a Muslim kills a non Muslim who it is not permissible to kill then he is not killed. The Prophet said:
Narrated ‘Amr bin Shu’aib: from his father, from his grandfather that the Messenger of Allah (صلىوسلمe ) said: “The Muslim is not killed for disbeliever.” And with this chain, it has been narrated that the Prophet (صلىوسلمl ) said: “The blood-money paid for disbeliever is half of the blood-money paid for a believer.” (At-Tirmidhi, Hasan). Some scholars say it is for the ruler to kill him or not. It is not for Hadd punishment but to discourage others from doing this. A woman is killed if she kills a man and vice versa. The pagan arabs would not want a man to be killed for a woman. The scholars differed whether a free man is killed if he kills a slave.

The one who leave his religion ,

The betrayl of leaving Islam is the biggest betrayl one can do. The person who is born a Muslim or reverts to Islam and then leaves it is killed. The judge will try to convince the person not to leave the religion and teach him if he has any doubts that caused him to want to leave the religion. The ahnaf (hanafis) say that a woman is not killed if she leaves the religion. The other schools of thought say yes she is killed and it is the vast majority’s opinion. This opinion can be refuted with the fact that a woman is killed if she does zina and other punishments that a man does. A person who spies on his country is killed for doing so. Betraying the religion is far worse than the betrayal of one’s country.
There are certain rulings that are not mentioned in this hadith like killing the magician as it says in the hadith that cut the magicians neck with a sword. There is a narration where a sahabi killed a magician who used to make it seem like he removed his head from his body. So the sahabi cut his head off and said put your head back on if you are able to. Another example is the punishment for homosexuality and that the person is killed and takes the ruling of fornication and it doesn’t matter if they were married or not married. There is the example of the one who seeks to be a khalifa while there already is one in place.

And his (صلىوسلمl ) statement : “a life for a life” is in agreement with the statement of Allaah ta’aalaa “And we have prescribed for them in it (the Tawraat): a life for a life” [al-Maa’idah, 45]. And its meaning is those who are equivalent in Islaam and Freedom, due to the statement of the Prophet (صلىوسلمe ) “A Muslim is not killed [in requittal] for a kaafir”. And also, Freedom is a condition for equality according to Imaams Maalik, ash-Shaafi’ee and Ahmad. [ie. A free man cannot be killed for a slave] However, the scholars of Ahl-ur-Rayy [The People of Opinion – a reference to the scholars of the Hanafee madhhab] have taken the position that a Muslim is killed for a dhimmee [a non-Muslim who pays the jizyaa, and lives under the protection of a Muslim state] and that a free man is killed for a slave, and they use this hadeeth as a proof. But the jamhoor (majority of the scholars) have ruled opposite to this.

Summary:

That a Muslim can be killed legally only for three crimes : a) adultery b) murder and c) apostasy
They are the most common , all others fall under these three category .

Hadith 13:None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself

HADITH 13
عن أبي حمزةَ أنسِ بنِ مالكٍ رَضِي اللهُ عَنْهُ خادمِ رسولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ عن النَّبيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قالَ: {لاَ يُؤْمِنُ أَحَدُكُمْ حَتَّى يُحِبَّ لأَِخِيهِ مَا يُحِبُّ لِنَفْسِهِ}رواه البخاريُّ ومسلمٌ.

On the authority of Anas bin Malik, the servant of the messenger of Allah, that the prophet said :

“None of you [truly] believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.” related by Bukhari and Muslim

When a Hadith says none of you truly believes comes in a hadith then that means that something obligatory is coming. If a person is sinful if he does not do it but it does not take him out of Islam. The person has the foundation of the religion (tawheed, salah, arkan and did not do shirk or any sin that takes one of out Islam). So when a person doesn’t do an element that is obligatory but not from the foundations of Imaan then this is regarded as a deficiency in ones Imaan.

The negation is Eman here doesn’t negate the Eman , you dint negate the person is a Muslim . And doesn’t talk about the deeds . Doesn’t means takfeer or you are not doing deeds but meaning .

The ‘ulamaa have said that the meaning of the hadeeth is that the one who does not have this characteristic has not believed with the complete and perfect eemaan, while he has already achieved the basic level of eemaan.

Here it talks about the Waajib Eman ! You are short coming in your Eman . None of you have believe as he should !

Innama meaning is truly ! Two ways if understanding innamal muminun ikhlaas
1- no brotherhood truly exist except brotherhood of Islam : if we regard WALAA Wal Baraa . Brother of Eman is stronger than brother of Islam . If your blood brother goes hellfire you have nothing to do with him . While if your brother in Islam …
2- limiting proper Eman to the Eman that comes about when brotherhood exist . Proper Eman only exist when there is brotherhood . Until you have that brotherhood of Islam you won’t have that Eman .

This Hadith is warning against Such as jealousy , ribbah, slandering ,

When the AYAAH is mention masculine its for both man and women unless you have a evidence that is nit including for women . There are general term that have a complete .ما everything , in your Deen primarily then worldly .

But when mentioned in feminine then it’s only for women

Mantooq you love for your brother what you love for yourself
Mafhoom you hate for your bright what you hate for yourself (it is understood)

Jealousy shows your Eman is lower ,when you see your brother has something you imagine this has been given to you and you feel happy , this only exist in Islam and believing in Qadr . What Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) gave so and so is from the Qadr . Don’t you believe Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) Can give you the same , why doesn’t he say o Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) give this person more and give me . This is part of sincerity in duaa. This religion is Deen an nasihaa. You love to be advised when you do a mistake . Deal with others as you wish to be dealt with .

This also contain Al ithaar, giving up your right even if they have a need for that . Example of the Muhajireen and the Ansaar. This is secret key to success .

Angels makes Dua for you to Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) when you make Duaa For others . When you loves for other what you love for yourself then it increase you in nothing but goodness .

Summary:

The hadeeth negates the perfection/completeness of Faith (eemaan) for someone who does not wish for his Muslim brother that which he likes for himself.
That a believer will not want something to happen to another Muslim whichhe would not like for himself.

Hadith 12: Leave alone that which does not concern you

HADITH 12

عن أبي هريرةَ رَضِي اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ:( قالَ رسولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ: {مِنْ حُسْنِ إِسْلاَمِ الْمَرْءِ تَرْكُهُ مَا لاَ يَعْنِيهِ}). حديثٌ حَسَنٌ رواه التِّرمذيُّ وغيرُه هكذا

On the authority of Abu Hurairah, who said : The messenger of Allah said :

“Part of someone’s being a good Muslim is his leaving alone that which does not concern him.”

fine hadith narrated by Termithi and others

My notes :

considered its chains of narration Saheeh (Authentic), and then he said regarding the hadeeth that it is from the Comprehensive speech that contains many significant meanings, and all this in very few words.A huge portion of Islam is found in this Hadith . Small in words and huge in meaning .

Benefit :

Ibn Rajab said this hadith is a great foundation for the foundation of good manners. It is especially important in the case of the tongue, because it throws many people into the fire.

“Part of the perfection of one’s Islam” point of Aqeedah , Eman goes up and down , we not equal in Eman. Abu Hanifa(ra) made a mistake saying doesn’t increase and decrease , because of his faith this error is passed on to others . Sh Ibn Baz said this is baatilun, falsehood.

There are part and ways which you can complete your EMAN ,they didn’t call him Murji’aa but Murji’aa Fuqahaa . Major mistake done by fuqaha.

They don’t reach the kids actions us part of Eman. And Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) and jibreel Eman stay the same .

This was the position of the Murji’aa and they didn’t say those Abu Hanifa and others was from it because they didn’t deviate was others and because of their position in understanding the Deen .Because it’s a fiqh topic . Eman goes up with obedience and gies down with disobedience. When there is a big scholar who does a big mistake we have to mentioned so it doesn’t pass to others , Murji’aa are innovator … Those imam are not from this group but they fell into a mistake and they didn’t intend to do it . So they are Murji’aatul Fuqahaa.

Leaving something and abandoning something is a good deed, if you have intention to do bad and you go on then you have no choice but leave you don’t get reward . But if intention is good then it is .

This Hadith is not dunya matter , but the primary meaning of this Hadith leave what not concern you in Islam , leaving haram (Major and minor sins, confusion shubuhaat, Makrooh .. Major sins had nothing to do with you and you have nothing to do with it.

The secondary meaning is dunya related . Anything that will not benefit , they don’t do any good . Things that cause you to be away from Allaah, speaking excess , playing …doesn’t concern a Muslim.

This is achieve by people who reach the level of Ihsaan . We say religion first because Prophet Muhammad(ﷺ) said حسن للإسلام so first is In the religion .

People misunderstand:
1- this Hadith is firstly related to the worldly matter but no
2- What doesn’t concern you is judged by your desires , but judged by Quran and desires . The martyr should be judged by Quran and Sunnah . What doesn’t concern him is related to the definition of Quran and Sunnah.

MUSLIM doesn’t involve in each debate , but in which Allah (سبحان الله وتعالى) gives you the right to speak in . When you out your hand in something , it’s going to be again you or against you .

Specially social media !

Mantooq is from word
Mafhoom, Muslim is commanded to concern himself with Allah commanded him . Meaning understood from the Hadith but nit written , you should be concern with what concern him .

We understand that there is good excellent Islam and bad Islam when it comes to a person. Islam is not one state, there are those that are bad and those who are good in Islam. According to some of the scholars they say the part of the perfection and good Islam is staying away from the haram and doing what is permissible. The more he does this then the better it is. Some scholars say it is reaching Ihsaan that is the perfection of one’s Islam. The first opinion is stronger.

“Part of the perfection of one’s Islam is his leaving that which does not concern him.” One point We learn from this sentence is that from the persons bad islam is running after what does not concern him. Islam is just not doing actions but it is also leaving things. The prophet said “the muslim is the one that the muslims are safe from his mouth and hands”. The most important thing to be careful of with what doesn’t concern you is the tongue. We need to be careful of how we use it. Hasan al basri said from the signs that allah is turning away from the slave is that he lets that slave be busy with what does not concern him.

The other point we learn from that line in the hadith is involving yourself in what concerns you. Giving dawah is an e.g. of something you should concern yourself with. All points of sharia are something that concern you and what helps you reach jannah. In the dunya the things that you are concerned with is something that keeps you alive such as working and getting rizq. This is not considered as running after the dunya. The prophet said it is a great sin to prevent your family from rizq. Getting food for your wife and kids and other things they require is obligatory upon a man and doing the means to get this rizq is obligatory e.g. working. Singers, hollywood actors and all those affairs are none of our concern and if it is a Muslim’s concern then this is bad Islam and it is going in the wrong direction.

Leaving things that do not concern you is just not with the tongue but also with the heart. Your heart should not be attached to the dunya. The hereafter is eternal happiness for the believers and the hell fire is eternal punishment for the kafir. It is the belief of the mu’tazila that the akhira will not last forever. Zakir Naik is also of this opinion. Shiekh uthaymeen said one who says that the akhira is forever but the fire fades then don’t pay attention to this because the opinion is wrong and holds no weight. Allah is the eternal because this is from His essence and He is eternal whereas the inhabitants of jannah live for eternity because of Allah subhanahu wa ta’ala. He is the reason they are still alive and they need Him where Allah does not need anyone.

When we warn about something we need to tell the people why and explain the shubha (doubt), so they understand. We need to let people know the aqeedah of ahl sunnah wal jammah. All this is what concerns the Muslim.

There are many things one can name that does not concern him. Seeking to be a ruler or a king is not his concern. The prophet (صلىوسلمt ) warned a companion about this in the hadith: Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah: That the Messenger of Allah (صلىوسلمt ) said: “O ‘Abdur-Rahman! Do not ask for a position of leadership, for if you receive it due to asking, you will be left alone with it, and if you receive it without asking, then you will be aided in it. And if you take an oath and you see that something else is better than it, then do what is better, and make an atonement for your oath.” (At-Tirmidhi).

Taqwa is what saves a Muslim from all this with Allah’s permission. The Prophet (صلىوسلمl ) said in a hadith:
Anas (رضي الله عنه) reported: Messenger of Allah (صلىوسلمa ) said: “Three (things) follow a dead person: Members of his family, his property and his deeds. Two of them return; and one remains with him. The people and his wealth return; his deeds remain with him”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Actions are from the reasons people enter jannah with the permission of Allah. A Muslim does not enter it by his deeds alone but it is Allah allowing the slave to enter it by His Mercy. Actions are also a reason to enter the fire.

Summary:

That spying and interfering in others affairs is a sign of not being a good Muslim.

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