Who Can Benefit from Remembrance?
Posted by slaveofallah14
Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “It is He, Who shows you His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and sends down (rain with which grows) provision for you from the sky. And none remembers but those who turn (to Allâh in obedience and) in repentance (by begging His Pardon and by worshipping and obeying Him Alone and none else.” (40:13)
Allah [may He be Glorified] mentions His great Blessings upon His servants by clarifying the truth from the falsehood. This is achieved through showing His servants signs in themselves, in the horizons and in the Glorious Qur’an, signifying every thing they ask about and distinguishing guidance from deviation so as not to leave any pretext for anyone. Thus those who were to be destroyed (for their rejecting Faith) might be destroyed after a clear evidence, and those who were to live (i.e. believers) might live after a clear evidence. The more significant the question, the more the strength and the multiplicity of the evidence is. For example, the issue of monotheism is the most important issue and thus the legal and discretionary proofs are numerous regarding it. The proofs regarding the issue of monotheism varied and Allah set a lot of parables and multiplied the inferences.
Another great sign was also mentioned in the verse when Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “and sends down (rain with which grows) provision for you from the sky” i.e. rain by the means of which you obtain your provision and that of your animals.
So, all the blessings are from Allah. These blessings are of two types:
The blessings of religion, which include the religious questions, the proofs that support them, and subsequently acting according to them.
The worldly blessings: such as the blessings brought forth through rain.
All these signs are crystal-clear proofs that Allah, the One and Only, should be worshipped sincerely and that He is the Only One that provides the blessings and graces.
Then, Allah mentioned that none remembers these blessings and take admonition from the signs except those who turn in repentance to Allah, to His love, His fearing, His obedience and to the humiliation of oneself before Him.
See Tafsir Ibn Sa’di, p.680. (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).
On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: “O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof”. In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan’s property” [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].
An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.
In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].