Du`a after the obligatory prayers
Q: Some fellow Muslims mentioned that your Eminence issued a Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified scholar) declaring the impermissibility of offering Du`a’ (supplication) after performing the Faridah (Obligatory Salah [prayer]). This may be observed only after the Nafilah (Supererogatory Salah). If this is true, please clarify this matter along with mentioning the relevant evidence, so that we may learn more about our Deen ( Islam) and the way of our Prophet (peace be upon him)?
A: We know of no authentic report that the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of his Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them) raised their hands while offering Du`a’ after the obligatory Salah. Thus, it is evident that this is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in Islam) for the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Whoever performs an act that is not in accordance with this matter of ours (i.e. Islam), will have it rejected Related by Muslim in his Sahih (authentic book of Hadith).Also, Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e. Islam) that is not part of it, will have it rejected (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)..
However, there is no harm in offering Du`a’ without raising one‘s hands or supplicating in unison.
It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) supplicated before and after offering Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). The same applies to the Du`a’ after Nafilah, since there is no evidence on its prohibition. One may also raise the hands, for raising them in Du`a is a means to having it answered. This should not be observed all the time since it has not been authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) raised his hands every time he would make Du`a’ after the Faridah and the Nafilah.
Surely, all goodness rests in patterning ourselves after him and following his path (peace be upon him). Allah (Glorified be He) states: “Indeed in the Messenger of All�h (Muhammad sallallahu alaihe wasallam) you have a good example to follow.” [Surah Al�Ahzab, 33: 21]