Ruling on offering two supererogatory Rakahs after the `Asr Prayer

Question: The author Muhammad Tariq Muhammad Salih, in his book: “…Amal Al-Muslim fi Al-Yawm wa Al-Laylah (A Muslim‘s Deeds in the Day and Night)”, stated that it is from the Sunnah (what is reported from the Prophet) to perform two Rak…ahs (units of Prayer) after the …Asr (Afternoon) Prayer, as it has been authentically reported in the Hadith Sahih (Hadith that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) that the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to do this. The author mentioned the following Hadith:

1. On the authority of …Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her), who narrated, ’The Prophet (peace be upon him) never came to me in the day after the …Asr Prayer, without praying two Rak…ahs.“ In another narration, ’The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) never abandoned observing the two Rak…ahs after the …Asr Prayer in my house.“ (Related by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

2. On the authority of …Aishah, who also narrated, ’Two Salahs which the Messenger of Allah never abandoned performing them in my house, be it secretly or openly: the two Rak…ahs before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and the two Rak…ahs after the …Asr Prayer.“ (Related by Muslim)

3. On her authority also, she said, ’The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) never left the two Rak…ahs after …Asr.“ (Related by Muslim)

Are the above Hadith Sahih? Is it from the Sunnah to perform two Rak…ahs after the …Asr Prayer?
…………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………..

A: It is not permissible to perform Nafilah (supererogatory) Salah after the …Asr prayer, because this is the time when voluntary Salah is forbidden and what the Prophet (peace be upon him) did in the Hadith mentioned above was to make up for the Sunnah Ratibah (supererogatory Prayer performed on a regular basis) for the Zhuhr (Noon) Prayer that he had missed.

He (peace be upon him) did this regularly, because it was his habit (peace be upon him) that if he did some religious act he would continue doing it regularly, and this was particular for him (peace be upon him) alone.

However, it is permissible to perform Salah after …Asr if it is for a particular reason, such as Tahiyyat-ul-Masjid (two-unit-Prayer to greet the mosque), Salat-ul-Kusuf (Prayer on a solar eclipse), the two Rak…ahs after Tawaf (circumambulation around the Ka…bah) following the …Asr and Fajr Prayers, and the Funeral Prayer, due to the Hadith mentioned in this regard.

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, and his family and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta‘

Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah Al Al-Shaykh `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Permanent Committee Fatwas>Group 2>Volume 6: Fiqh – Salah 2>Time when it is not permissible to offer supererogatory Salah>Ruling on offering two supererogatory Rak`ahs after the `Asr Prayer / The first question of Fatwa no. 19518

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Posted on March 21, 2013, in Fiqh of Prayer and tagged . Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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