To Whom Will Paradise Become Near?
Posted by slaveofallah14
Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “And Paradise will be brought near to the Muttaqûn (the pious) not far off. (It will be said): “This is what you were promised – (it is) for those oft-returning (to Allâh) in sincere repentance, and those who preserve their covenant with Allâh (by obeying Him in all what He has ordered, and worshipping none but Allâh Alone, i.e. follow Allâh’s religion – Islâmic Monotheism). “Who feared the Most Beneficent (Allâh) in the Ghaib (Unseen) and brought a heart turned in repentance (to Him and absolutely free from each and every kind of polytheism”. (50:31-33)
“And Paradise will be brought near” means that Paradise will become very close to the extent that the eternal blessings and happiness in it can be observed.
Paradise will become very close to those who fear Allah and avoid polytheism, however insignificant it might be thought, and obey their Lord in every commandment.
“This is what you were promised” means that Paradise, with all its beloved blessings, is promised to the owners of the following qualities:
1. “Awab (oft-returning person)” is the one who always repents to Allah by remembering Him, showing love for Him, seeking His support, supplicating to Him, fearing Him and being hopeful of His reward.
2. “One who preserves his covenant with Allah” means the one who follows the orders of Allah sincerely, perfecting himself in religious matters and keeping the limits of Allah.
3. “Who feared the Most Beneficent in the Unseen” means the one whose fearing of Allah resulted from his knowledge of the Creator and the need for His Mercy. He is always fearful of Allah in secret as in public. This actually is the true fear of Allah, as fearing Him in the presence of people can be imbued with hypocrisy and show off, the traits which contradict sincerity. On the other hand, the meaning of fearing Allah in the unseen may be equivalent to that of believing in the unseen.
4. “Brought a heart turned in repentance” means that the intrinsic characteristic of this kind of heart is repentance to Allah and seeking every possible means to satisfy Him. The fruits of these traits will be reaped on the Day of Judgement when the pious will be told “enter you therein in peace and security – this is a Day of eternal life!”.
See Tafsir Ibn Sa’di, p.749. (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).
On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: “O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof”. In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan’s property” [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].
An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.
In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].