Actions Permitted while Fasting or Actions which Do not Nullify the Fast
Postponing the Ghusl (purity bath): If one is in the state of Janabah, he is allowed to make the intention of fasting and take his suhoor while postponing his ghusl until the break of dawn. Aisha and Umm Salamah (radhi allahu anhuma) narrated, “Sometimes, the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was in a state of Janabah from his wives and Fajr came upon him, then he would bath and fast.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]
Menstruating women and women experiencing post-natal bleeding may delay the ghusl until after the dawn (if the blood ceases at night) and observe the fast, but the intention of fasting should be made before dawn (for obligatory fasts).Note: Ghusl is a pre-condition for offering prayer and prayer is an obligation without which the fast is incomplete, therefore, one should hasten the ghusl in order to offer the Fajr prayer.
Using Siwaak: Amir Ibn Rabea (radhi allahu anhu) narrates, “I have seen Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) using siwaak so many times whilst fasting that I cannot count.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee] and he (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “The siwaak is a means of cleansing the mouth and pleasing the Lord.” [Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer (no, 3695)]
Rinsing the Mouth and Sniffing: The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to wash his mouth and nose whilst fasting, but he prohibited the fasting person from sniffing strongly. He said, ” and breath water into your nose strongly, unless you are fasting.” [Musnad Ahmad (4/32), Abu Dawood (2/305) and at-Tirmidhee (3/146)]Smelling Perfumes: One is permitted to smell perfumes and good odors, but he should avoid directly sniffing the Indian Qust (incense) (al-Bukhour) and all that has smoke. Taking
Bath or Pouring Cold Water Over the Head: The Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to pour water over his head whilst fasting due to heat. [Abu Dawood]
Ibn Umar (radhi allahu anhu) would soak a garment in water and put it over himself while he was fasting. And al-Hasan (radhi allahu anhu) said, ‘There is no harm in rinsing the mouth and cooling one’s body with cold water while fasting.’ [See, Fath al-Baree (4/153) Mukhtasar Saheeh al-Bukharee (no. 451) of Shaikh al-Albanee]
Question: Is it permissible to brush the teeth using a toothbrush after dawn is declared? If so, what is the ruling on bleeding while brushing the teeth? Does it break the fast?
Allamah Ibn Jibreen (hafidahullah) replied, “It is permissible to rinse the mouth and use Siwak, wooden brush or other brushes. Some scholars disliked the use of Siwak in the afternoon because using it freshens the mouth. Thus, using the toothpaste and toothbrush becomes more disliked on this analogy. Moreover, toothpaste has a flavoring taste that will be felt during brushing. Yet, the user might swallow a very little amount during the brushing process or may not. Therefore, it is highly advised and recommended to use toothpaste and toothbrush after finishing the Suhoor meal, before declaring the beginning of fast. However, careful use of toothpaste and brush is permissible during the fasting hours of the day. Minor gum bleeding does not render fasting null. Allah, the Almighty, knows best. ‘Fatawa on Fasting, Zakaat and Taraweeh,’ Published by Darussalam
Question: Will gargling with mouthwash render the fasting null?
Allamah Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah) replied, “Gargling with mouthwash while fasting does not break the fast provided it is not swallowed. It is better, however, not to use mouthwash while fasting unless it is an extreme necessity. Gargling generally does not break the fast unless the fasting person swallows even a drop.” Fatawa on Fasting, Zakaat and Taraweeh,’ Published by Darussalam
Question: What is the verdict concerning the use of oil perfumes during the day of fasting Ramadaan?
Allamah Muhammad bin Salih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah) replied, “It is allowed to wear perfume while fasting as long as one does not inhale the smoke if it is burnt incense.” Fatawa on fasting, Zakaat and Taraweeh, Published by Darussalam
Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter