Actions that should be Avoided during Fasting
Carelessness in Performing other acts of Worship: Performing the other obligatory acts of worship and duties is important; specifically Salaat, because without it no act of worship is accepted by Allah.
Not praying in Congregation: Praying in congregation is of great importance in our religion, thus everyone must attend the congregational prayer. It is rewarded twenty-seven times greater than the prayer performed individually. [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 1, no. 618)] Once, the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) was about to burn the houses of those who did not attend the congregational prayers. This was due to the gravity of their sin. [Saheeh al-Bukharee (vol. 1, no, 17) and Saheeh Muslim (no. 1369)]
Regularly attending the congregational prayer is directed to men and the best place for a woman is to pray in her house. The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Do not prevent your women (from going to) the Masjid, but their houses are better for them.” [(saheeh) Musnad Ahmad, Abu Dawood, al-Hakim, Saheeh al-Jamee as-Sagheer no. 7458]
Bad behavior such as lying, cheating, backbiting, slandering, etc., are Haraam even out of Ramadaan and should be consciously avoided even more in this sacred month. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) said, “Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Whoever does not abandon falsehood in word and action, then Allah the Mighty and Majestic has no need that he should leave his food and drink.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/99)] The meaning of this Hadeeth is that such a fast is not acceptable to Allah because “Fasting is not (merely abstaining) from eating and drinking, rather it is (abstaining) from ignorant and indecent speech, so if anyone abuses or behaves ignorantly with you, then say, ‘I am fasting, I am fasting.’ [(saheeh) Ibn Khuzaimah (no. 1996) and others]He who Cannot Control his Desires Should Not Approach his Wife, Kiss or Embrace her. Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) narrates, “A man approached Allah’s Messenger and asked him concerning embracing one’s wife whilst fasting, Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) allowed him. Then, another man approached him and asked him concerning embracing one’s wife whilst fasting, Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) forbade him. (Abu Hurayrah (radhi allahu anhu) says) He whom Allah’s Messenger allowed was an old man and he whom Allah’s Messenger forbade was a young man.” [Abu Dawood]
Aa’isha (radhi allahu anha) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to kiss her and embrace (his wives) while he was fasting and he had more power to control his desires than anybody else did. [See, Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/131) and Saheeh Muslim (no. 1106)]
Sniffing Water Strongly into the Nose in such a manner that it is feared the water will reach the throat. Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “…and breath water into your nose strongly unless you are fasting.” [Abu Dawood (2/305) and others]————————————-
“Some of the things that invalidate the fast involve things coming out of the body, such as intercourse, deliberate vomiting, menstruation. These things come out of the body and weaken it. Hence Allah has described them as being things that invalidate the fast, so that the fasting person will not combine the weakness that results from fasting with the weakness that results from these things, and thus be harmed by his fast or his fast no longer be moderate. And some of the things that invalidate the fast involve things entering the body, such as eating and drinking. If the fasting person eats or drinks, he does not achieve the purpose of fasting.” See, Majmoo al-Fatawa (25/248)
The Relationship between Fasting and Prayer
Question: Some Muslim scholars criticize those who observe fasting, but do not maintain the prescribed daily prayers. What is the relationship between fasting and prayer? I want to fast to be entitled to the reward of the fasting people. I know that, “Fasting Ramadaan, then fasting next Ramadaan will abrogate all sins committed in between.” Please explain.
Answer by Allamah Muhammad Ibn Salih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullah), “Those who criticize you for fasting and not maintaining the daily-prescribed prayers are right. Prayer is a main pillar of Islam. The person who purposefully neglects the daily-prescribed prayers is declared a non-Muslim, denying the right of His Lord, Allah the Almighty. This person will not be entitled to the rewards of fasting, charity, pilgrimage or anything else. This is based on the verse of the Holy Qur’aan, “And nothing prevents their contributions from being accepted from them except that they disbelieved in Allah and in His Messenger; and that they came not to as-Salaat (the prayer) except in a lazy state, and that they offer not contributions but unwillingly.” [Soorah Tawbah (9): 54]
Thus, if one fasts, but does not maintain the prescribed daily prayers, this will render his fasting null. Such a person will not benefit from fasting. As for the misconception you have, concerning fasting (alone) will abrogate the sins committed between two Ramadaans; (then) you should understand that the true meaning of this Hadeeth of Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam). The statement reported by Muslim is as follows, “Maintaining the five daily prescribed prayers, maintaining the prayer of Friday, to the second Friday prayer, and fasting the month of Ramadaan, to the next month of Ramadaan will abrogate the sins committed in between so long as one avoids any and all major sins.”
We notice that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) preconditioned that one must avoid all major sins in order to be entitled to have his sins abrogated and wiped out between the two months of Ramadaan. As for the person who fasts but does not maintain the five daily prayers, he is not actually avoiding the major sins. Purposeful negligence of the daily-prescribed prayers is one of the gravest major sins. In fact, neglecting the prayer in itself is an act of disbelief, namely it is a denial of the Existence of Allah, the All Mighty. Thus, fasting will not be accepted from such a person. One must repent to Allah; establish what is required to do in terms of the five daily-prescribed prayers first, then observe fasting. Thus, when Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) sent Mu’adh (radhi allahu anhu), his Companion, to Yemen, he commanded him, as reported by al-Bukharee, “Let the first thing you call them to be the testification that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah. If they obey you in that, then inform them that Allah has made five prayers obligatory upon them in each day and night.” We notice that the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) began with the prayers right after the declaration of faith. [‘Fatawa on Fasting, Zakat and Taraweeh,’ Published by Darussalam]
Sleeping All Day Long during Ramadaan
Question: If a person stays up all night during Ramadaan, then he prays Fajr and sleeps until Zuhr, and prays and then sleeps until Asr, and prays then sleeps until the time of Iftar, is his fasting valid?
The following is the advice of Allamah Abdul-Azeez Ibn Baz (rahimahullah) to those who are fasting and others, to make the most of their time and not waste it sleeping. He said, “There is nothing wrong with sleeping during the day or the night, so long as it does not lead to missing out on any of the obligatory duties or committing any Haraam (prohibited) action. What is prescribed for the Muslim, whether he is fasting or not, is not to stay up late at night, and to hasten to sleep after doing whatever he is able to, of Qiyaam al-Layl. Then, he should get up for suhoor, if it is Ramadaan, because eating suhoor is a confirmed Sunnah as the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Eat al-Suhoor, for in Suhoor there is barakah (blessing).” [Agreed upon] And the Prophet (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “The thing that differentiates between our fasting and the fasting of the People of the Book is eating al-Suhoor.” [Saheeh Muslim]
Those who are fasting and others must also adhere to offering the five daily prayers in congregation, and avoid being distracted from them by sleep or anything else. Those who are fasting and others must also do all their duties on time for the government or other duties, and not be distracted from them by sleep or anything else. And they must strive to seek Halaal provision which they and their dependents need, and not be distracted from it by sleep or anything else.
In conclusion, my advice to everyone, men and women, those who are fasting and those who are not, is to fear Allah in all situations, and to continue to perform duties on time in the manner enjoined by Allah, and to avoid being distracted from it, by sleep or any other permissible thing. If the thing that distracts them from that is an act of disobedience towards Allah, then the sin is greater and more serious.
May Allah guide the Muslims, enable them to understand their religion and make them steadfast in adhering to the truth, and guide their leaders, for He is Most Generous, Most Kind.” [Fatawa al-Shaikh Ibn Baz (4/15)]
It is Obligatory on the Woman with Istihada to Observe Fasting:
A woman whose menstrual bleeding lasts for more than the normal time period, then she should perform ghusl after the normal menstrual time period is over and start fasting and praying because the bleeding which is prolonged is not the menstrual blood, rather the blood of Istihada and is thus tahir (pure).
A woman whose bleeding lasts for more than forty days. If this blood coincides with her regular menstrual cycle, then she is menstruating; if it does not coincide with her regular menstrual cycle, then it is the blood of Istihada. She should, therefore, perform ghusl after forty days, and fast and pray.“If a woman in nifaas sees that she has become pure before forty days are over, then she should do ghusl and pray and fast, and her husband may cohabit with her.’ See, Fatawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah (5/458)