Applying Kohl; Eye, Ear or Nose Drops; Wearing Perfumes, Oiling the Hair, Taking Injections, Bloodletting, Unintentional Vomiting – Effect of Medicines and Medical Treatments on Fasting
Applying Kohl (eyeliner, surma) or similar things, which enter the eyes for beauty or medicinal purposes do not nullify the fast.
This was the conclusion preferred by Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) in his important treatise, ‘Haqeeqat as-Siyam’ and also by his student, Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (rahimahullah) in his valuable book, ‘Zaadul-Ma’aad.’
Imam al-Bukharee (rahimahullah) says in his Saheeh, “Anas, al-Hasan and Ibraheem did not see any harm in using Kohl for the fasting person.” [Mukhtasar Saheeh al-Bukharee (no. 451) of Shaikh Al-Albanee]
Eye, Ear or Nose Drops, Wearing Perfumes, Oiling one’s Hair do not break the fast because they are neither food nor its substitute.
Taking Injections, which do not provide nourishment and are meant for medical treatment only, such as penicillin, insulin, or injections for the purpose of vaccinations, do not affect the fast at all, regardless of whether they are taken via muscle or vein. The injections with nutritional values such as glucose or vitamins, etc., are considered as food and therefore, nullify the fast.
Bloodletting for Medical Purposes; If the amount of blood is small and it does not harm the person, then it does not invalidate his fast, such as the small amount of blood that is taken for testing. [See, Blood, which invalidates fasting (pg. 10)]
Kissing and Embracing one’s Wife is permissible, if one is able to control his desires. Aa’isha (radhi allahu anha) reported that Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) used to kiss her and embrace (his wives) while he was fasting and he had more power to control his desires than anybody else did. [See, Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/131) and Saheeh Muslim (no. 1106)]
Unintentional Vomiting, Allah’s Messenger (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) said, “Whoever has an attack of vomit, then no atonement is required of him, but whoever vomits intentionally then let him make al-Qadaa for it.” [Abu Dawood (2/310), at-Tirmidhee (3/79), Ibn Majah (1/536) and Musnad Ahmad (2/498). Its isnad is saheeh as Shaikhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah said in Haqeeqat as-Siyaam (p. 14).]
Tasting Food does not nullify the fast provided the food does not reach the throat, in light of the report from Ibn Abbas (radhiallahu anhuma), who said, “There is no harm for a person to taste vinegar or anything else whilst he is fasting as long as it does not enter his throat.” [(Mu’allaq) Saheeh al-Bukharee (4/154)]
Effect of Medicines and Medical Treatments on Fasting
Question: Are medicinal preparations permitted whilst fasting, specifically, a) tablets/syrups b) inhalers for asthma c) suppositories and d) intravenous forms of treatment. A detailed response will be appreciated.
Answer: Praise be to Allah. What follows is a list of a number of things used in the medical field, explaining what does and does not break the fast. This is a summary of Shareeah research presented to the Islamic Fiqh Council during its regular meetings. Following does not have any effect on the fast,
i) Eye drops, ear drops, ear syringing, nose drops and nasal sprays, so long as one avoids swallowing any material that may reach the throat.
ii) Tablets or lozenges that are placed beneath the tongue for the treatment of angina pectoris etc., so long as one avoids swallowing any material that reaches the throat.
iii) Vaginal pessaries, douching, use of a speculum, or internal digital examination.
iv) Introduction of a scope or coil (IUD), etc., into the uterus.
v) Introduction of a scope or catheter into the urethra (male of female), or injection of dyes for diagnostic imaging, or of medication, or cleaning of the bladder.
vi) Drilling of teeth (prior to filling), extraction or polishing of teeth, using a miswaak or toothbrush, so long as one avoids swallowing any material that reaches the throat.
vii) Rinsing, gargling or applying topical treatment in the mouth, so long as one avoids swallowing any material that reaches the throat.
viii) Injections, whether subcutaneous, intra-muscular or intra-venous with the exception of those used for purposes of nutrition.
x) Anesthetics, so long as they do not supply nutrition to the patient.
xi) Medicines absorbed through the skin, such as creams, lotions and patches used to administer medication through the skin. xii) Introduction of a catheter into the veins in order to examine or treat the vessels of the heart or other organs. xii) Laparoscopy for the purpose of diagnosis or surgical treatment of the abdominal organs.
xiii) Biopsies of the liver and other organs, so long as this is not accompanied by the administration of nutrients.
xiv) Gastroscopy, so long as this is not accompanied by the administration of nutrients.
xv) Introduction of medicine or instruments into the brain or spinal cord.
xvi) Involuntary vomiting (as opposed to self-induced vomiting). The Muslim doctor should advise his patients to postpone the above-described treatments and procedures until after he has broken his fast, if it is safe to do so and will not cause any harm (even though these procedures do not effect the fast).” [Majmoo al-Fiqh al-Islami (Islamic Fiqh Council), p. 213]
Wet Dreams during the Fasting Hours of Ramadaan
Question: Do wet dreams nullify one’s fast?
Answer: “Whoever has a wet dream whilst he is fasting or is in a state of ihram for Hajj or Umrah, there is no sin on him and he does not have to offer Kaffarah. It does not affect his fast, but he has to perform ghusl to cleanse himself from janabah (impurity) if maniy (semen) was emitted.” See, Fatawa al-Lajnah ad-Daaimah (vol. 10, p. 274)
Umm Salamah, the Mother of the Believers, narrated, “Umm Sulaym the wife of Abu Talhah came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) and said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, verily Allah is not shy of (telling you) the truth. Is it necessary for a woman to take ghusl after she has a wet dream?’ The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihi wa-sallam) replied, ‘Yes, if she notices a discharge.'” [Saheeh al-Bukharee, (al-Ghusl-373), Saheeh Muslim (al-Hayd – 471)]
Fasting Person Swallowing Saliva
Question: Does saliva invalidate the fast?
Answer: “Praise be to Allah. A fasting person swallowing his saliva does not invalidate his fast even if there is a lot of it. However, if it is thick like mucus, one should not swallow it; rather one should spit it out into a tissue or whatever if he is in the mosque. And Allah is the Source of strength.” [Al-Lajnah ad-Daaimah li’l-Buhooth wa’l-Ifta, 1-/270.]
Taken from As-Sunnah Newsletter