The Fruit of Repentance to Allah
Posted by slaveofallah14
Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “An insight and a Reminder for every slave who turns to Allâh (i.e. the one who believes in the Oneness of Allâh and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon)” (50:8)
This verse came after the following two verses: “Have they not looked at the heaven above them, how We have made it and adorned it, and there are no rifts in it? And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants)” (50:6,7) There is an indication to the fact that what is observed in the universe of accuracy and strength are concrete proofs of the perfection of Allah’s Might [may He be Glorified].
The wonderful design and creation of the heavens and the earth point out that Allah is the Wisest of all judges and All-Knowing.
Moreover, both the heavens and the earth contain a lot of benefits for the people, which denotes the comprehensiveness of Allah’s Mercy and His great Generosity and Grace. They also point out that Allah is the One and Only Master, without Whom all the creatures cannot dispense, He has neither partner (wife) nor child, there is none equal or comparable unto Him. He is the Only One to Whom worship, humiliation and love must be dedicated.
The verse refers to the fact that pondering over these signs gets man out of ignorance and formulates a remembrance of that which benefits the Muslim in his religion and in his world, and of what Allah and His Messengers brought to us. The above-mentioned results however cannot be achieved except through repentance to Allah, by having sincere love for Him, fearing His punishment, wishing for His reward and responding to the invitation of His Messengers. As for those who turn away from contemplating these verses, then neither proofs nor warners benefit those who believe not.
See Tafsir Ibn Sa’di, p.747. (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).
On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: “O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof”. In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan’s property” [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].
An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.
In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].