Contemplating the Glorious Qur’an and Acting According to Its Instructions
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Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “Those (who embraced Islâm among Banî Israel) to whom We gave the Book [the Taurât (Torah)] [or those (Muhammad’s (peace be upon him) companions) to whom We have given the Book (the Qur’ân)] recite it (i.e. obey its orders and follow its teachings) as it should be recited (i.e. followed), they are the ones that believe therein. And whoso disbelieve in it (the Qur’ân), those are they who are the losers .” (2:121)
This verse includes the following rulings and instructions:
1. The description of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) who abode by the Glorious Qur’an and its instructions.
‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas said that the phrase “they recite it as it should be recited” means that they follow it as it should be followed. They consider lawful what the Qur’an makes lawful and unlawful what it makes unlawful, and they do not distort its words.
Qatadah also said: “Those are the Companions of Muhammad (peace be upon him) who believed in the Book of Allah and accepted its rulings. They consider the lawful in the Qur’an as lawful and the unlawful in it as unlawful and act according to its instructions.”
While Mujahid explained the meaning to be: that they precisely act according to its rulings.
2. The Glorious Qur’an was revealed for contemplation and for acting according to its teaching.
3. Urging Muslims to follow the way of the Companions, their successors and the worthy ancestors in contemplating and understanding the book of Allah as well as acting according to its instructions.
Tafsir by Ibn Jarir (1/518-520).
On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: “O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof”. In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan’s property” [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].
An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.
In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].
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Posted on April 2, 2013, in Qur'anic Verse and Prophetic Saying and tagged Contemplating the Glorious Qur'an and Acting According to Its Instructions. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.