Two Great Principles
Posted by slaveofallah14
Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “And in whatsoever you differ, the decision thereof is with Allâh (He is the ruling Judge). (And say O Muhammad (peace be upon him) to these polytheists:) Such is Allâh, my Lord in Whom I put my trust, and to Him I turn (in all of my affairs and) in repentance.” (42:10)
“And in whatsoever you differ” i.e. anything of the basics of religion and its subsidiaries in which you differ.
“The decision thereof is with Allah” i.e. everything should be referred to the Book of Allah and to the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him). Whatever their judgement may be, it should be accepted to the exclusion of any other judgement.
“Such is Allah, my Lord” i.e. He is the Lord Who created mankind, provided them with sustenance and disposes of all affairs. He is also the One Who decides for His slaves by means of His legislation that covers all of their affairs.
This verse is an obvious evidence that the consensus of the Ummah on any thing is a valid proof that should be applied, because Allah [may He be Glorified] did not command us to return to His Book except when there is a difference regarding anything. Whatever the Ummah agreed upon should therefore be adopted because the entire Ummah cannot agree on an error or on something that contradicts the rulings of the Book of Allah or the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him).
“In Whom I put my trust” i.e. he (peace be upon him) and every Muslim should depend on Allah, believing that He Alone is the One that can bring about any good or prevent any harm.
“And to Him I turn in repentance” i.e. he (peace be upon him) and every Muslim should turn to Allah with their hearts and bodies obeying and worshipping Him Alone.
Thus, reliance and repentance are two great principles, which are often mentioned in the Book of Allah, because if they gather in a person he will result in his perfection. Otherwise, he will be imperfect and inefficient. Allah [may He be Glorified] said: “You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” (1:5) He also said: “So worship Him (O Muhammad (peace be upon him)).” (11:123) and put your trust in Him”.
See Tafsir Ibn Sa’di, p.699. (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).
On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: “O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof”. In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan’s property” [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].
An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.
In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].