Ruboobiyyah Necessitates Uloohiyyah (Salih al-Fawzan)
Tawheed ar-Rububiyah Necessitates Tawheed al-Uluhiyah “ Saleh al-Fawzaan”
The title of the chapter means that he, who declares Tawheed ar-Rububiyah and affirms that there is no Creator, Provider or Administrator of the Universe except Allah – then he is required to proclaim that none deserves all forms of worship except Allah, which is known as Tawheed al-Uluhiyah.
Uluhiyah means, ‘worship’, and the meaning of ilah is, ‘ma’bood’ (one who is worshiped). So, none is to be invoked and sought help from except Allah, none is to be relied upon except Allah, none is to be offered sacrifices and avowed to except Allah and no worship is performed except to Allah alone.
Tawheed ar-Rububiyah is a proof of Tawheed al-Uluhiyah, and this is why Allah has mainly used Tawheed ar-Rububiyah as a proof against the deniers of Tawheed, as He says, ‘O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you and those who were before you so that you may become pious. Who has made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water (rain) from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshiped).’ [Soorah al-Baqarah (3):21-22]
Thus, he ordered them with Tawheed al-Uluhiyah, which is His worship, and presented as a proof – Tawheed ar-Rububiyah, which is that He created the people of the earlier times and the later, He created the sky and the earth and all that is between them, the blowing of the wind, sending down of the rain, the growing of the plants, the production of fruits which is the provision of the slaves. So, it is not befitting for them to associate partners, whom they know that they have not done any of the above or anything else besides that.
So, the natural instinct is to affirm Tawheed al-Uluhiyah which is proved by Tawheed ar-Rububiyah, because every person clings to the origin of his creation, and the source of his benefit and harm, he then turns to the means which bring him closer to Him, please Him and strengthen the bond between them. Thus, Tawheed ar-Rububiyah is a door to Tawheed al-Uluhiyah, this is why Allah used it as a proof against the Mushrikeen (those who associate partner with Allah), ‘Say, ‘Whose is the earth and whosoever is therein? If you know!’ They will say, ‘It is Allah’s!’ Say, ‘Will you not then remember?’ Say, ‘Who is (the) Lord of the seven heavens, and (the) Lord of the Great Throne?’ They will say, ‘Allah.’ Say, ‘Will you not then fear Allah.’ Say, ‘In Whose Hand is the sovereignty of everything (i.e. treasures of each and everything)? And He protects (all), while against Whom there is no protector, if you know.’ They will say, ‘(All that belongs) to Allah.’ Say, ‘How then are you deceived and turn away from the truth?’ [Soorah al-Mu’minoon (23): 84]
˜Such is Allah, your Lord! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshiped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone).’ [Soorah al-An’aam (6): 102]
So, He used His Oneness in Rububiyah as a proof to establish that He alone deserves to be worshiped, and Tawheed al-Uluhiyah is the purpose behind the creation of the universe, He says, ‘And I (Allah) created not the jinn and humans except that they should ya’budoon (worship) Me.’ [Soorah Adh-Dhariyat (51): 56] The meaning of, ‘ya’budoon’ is, ‘single Me out in worship.’
The slave cannot be a muwahhid (one who believes in Tawheed in the correct manner) by affirming Tawheed ar-Rububiyah alone, until he declares Tawheed al-Uluhiyah and establishes it. Otherwise, even the Mushrikeen used to proclaim Allah’s Oneness in Rububiyah but it did not qualify them to enter Islam. The Messenger of Allah (saw) fought them, while they were declaring that Allah is the Creator and Provider, the One, Who gives life and death as Allah says, ‘And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say, ‘Allah.” [Soorah az-Zukhruf (43): 87]
‘And indeed if you ask them, ‘Who has created the heavens and the earth?’ They will surely say, ‘The All-Mighty, the All-Knower created them.’ [Soorah az-Zukhruf (43): 9]
‘Say, ‘Who provides for you from the sky and from the earth? Or who owns hearing and sight? And who brings out the living from the dead and brings out the dead from the living? And who disposes the affairs?’ They will say, ‘Allah.’ [Soorah Yunus (10): 31]
Similar verses can be found in plenty in the Qur’aan. He, who claims that Tawheed is to affirm the Existence of Allah or declare that Allah is the Creator and the One, Who disposes the affairs of the Universe, and restricts himself to this definition – then he does not know the reality of Tawheed to which the Messenger called. Because he has halted at the affair, which necessitates (i.e., Tawheed ar-Rubibiyah), and he has abandoned what it necessitates (i.e., Tawheed al-Uluhiyah) or he has stopped at the proof and abandoned what it proves.
Important points of Tawheed al-Uluhiyah
Absolute perfection from all aspects without any flaw from any angle necessitates that all worship should be for Allah alone; glorification, reverence, hope, supplication, repentance, seeking aid, reliance, seeking help, utmost humbleness with utmost love. All this should be necessarily performed for Allah alone, and this is proved by the intellect, Sharee’ah and the natural instinct. It is against the intellect, Sharee’ah and the natural instinct that any of these should be performed for someone other than Him.
(*translated by Shawana A. Aziz, as-Sunnah vol. 2, issue 8.)