Tawwaf and Sajdah
Tawaaf is allowed only around the Kabah. There is no other object that tawwaf can be done around.
“They shall complete their obligations, fulfill their vows, and circumambulate the Ancient House.” (Al-Hajj, 22:29)
Sajdah is the most obvious of the acts of worship. Sajdah means lowering of the head and in this context includes ruku’. It is not allowed to bow one’s head out of respect to other than Allah.
“Prostrate not yourselves before the sun, nor before the moon, but prostrate yourselves before Allah, Who created them, if it is Him Whom you really worship.” (Fussilat, 41:37)
Sajdah is of two types, 1) respect, and 2) worship. In the past sometimes it was done out of respect and not worship. This was allowed in the previous nations. An example of this is the story of Yusuf (as). Another example is the angels prostrating to Adam.
The sajdah of worship is always exclusive to Allah .
In our sharee’ah even the sajdah of respect is forbidden.
Ibn Maajah (1853) narrated that ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Abi Awfa said: “When Mu’aadh came from Syria, he prostrated to the Prophet (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) who said, ‘What is this, O Mu’aadh?’ He said, ‘I went to Syria and saw them prostrating to their archbishops and patriarchs, and I wanted to do that for you.’ The Messenger of Allaah (sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘Do not do that. If I were to command anyone to prostrate to anyone other than Allaah, I would have commanded women to prostrate to their husbands.
The sajdah of respect to someone is haram and not shirk, but the sajdah of worship is shirk.
An act of worship is any act that is beloved to Allah.
Every act that Allah loves and is pleased with is an act of worship and to do it for other than Allah is shirk.