c – Some Manifestations of Kufr
Making fun of anything religious
“The Jews said: ‘Allah’s hand is tied up.’ Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter.” (3:181) In this ayah they were almost ridiculing or mocking Allah.
When you make fun of any commandment of Allah, you are making fun of the One giving the commandment
Making fun of Muslims is evil and bad (ayah perhaps they’re better than you). It is haram to crack jokes at other Muslims. To make fun of Islamic things is kufr. It is not a characteristic of the Muslims to do this.
In Tabuk some of the people said “we have never seen anyone more eager for booty, cowardly in battle.” One sahabah heard and said you have lied O enemies of Allah. He rushed forth to the Prophet (saw) to inform him of what they had said. Before he got there the Quran had already been revealed about them.
“If you ask them, they would say, ‘We were only mocking and kidding.’ Say, ‘Do you realize that you are mocking Allah, and His revelations, and His messenger? Do not apologize (give excuses). You have disbelieved after having believed. If we pardon some of you, we will punish others among you, as a consequence of their wickedness.” (At-Tawbah, 9:64 onwards)
Hating or Knowingly Rejecting Sunnah
This is NOT the same as finding something difficult to implement, but it is to actually hate a part of the Shari’ah. “Fighting is prescribed for you, even though you dislike it.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:216)
There is a difference between disobedience due to following desires (a sin) and another to outright reject something.
“No believing man or believing woman, if Allah and His messenger issue any command, has any choice regarding that command.” (Al-Ahzaab, 33:36)
“Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other?” (Al-Baqarah, 2: 85)
“O you who believe! Enter into Islaam completely.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:208)
Believing that a person besides the Prophet (saw) has the right to be obeyed in all circumstances even if it means disobeying Allah.
‘Adi bin Hatim narrated that the Prophet (saw) said,“Oh ‘Adee, throw this idol off your neck” and I heard him recite from Soorat Baraa’ah ‘They have taken their priests and their monks for lords besides Allah.’ (At-Tawbah, 9:31)
He said, “They did not worship them, but if they made something halaal for them they considered it halaal, and if they made something haraam for them they considered it haraam.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi).
One example is homosexuality which is being made halal in Christianity and Judaism. The majority of people accept it. The Old Testament is stricter about this issue than the Quran.
Legistating by other than Allah’s law
Two aspects to differentiate between:
· Judging by other than Allah’s Law· Believing that any guidance is better than or equivalent to the guidance that the Prophet (saw) came with (or even believing that it is a permissible form of guidance)
To believe the shari’ah is inadequate or backward is kufr.
Only Allah has the total right to legislate. Both Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah belong to Allah.
“And in whatever thing you disagree, the judgment thereof is (in) Allah’s (hand); that is Allah, my Lord, on Him do I rely and to Him do I turn time after time.” (Ash-Shooraa, 42:10)
“Judgment belongs with Allah alone.” (Al-An’aam, 6:57)
“You do not worship besides Him but names which you have named, you and your fathers; Allah has not sent down any authority for them; judgment is only Allah’s; He has ruled that you shall not worship except Him. This is the perfect religion, but most people do not know.” (Yusuf, 12:40)
Law of Allah is a Complete Code of Life
“Does man think that he will be left uncontrolled, (without purpose)?” (Al-Qiyaamah, 75:36)
“Does He not know, Who created? And He is the Knower of the subtleties, the Aware.” (Al-Mulk, 67:14)
Secularizing or Compartmentalizing Islam – “Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest?” (2:85) This is a problem that never existed before modern times.
The laws of Allah transcend time and place.
Judging by other than Allah’s law
“We have sent down the Torah, containing guidance and light. Ruling in accordance with it were the Jewish prophets, as well as the rabbis and the monks, as dictated to them in Allah’s scripture, and as witnessed by them. Therefore, do not reverence human beings; you shall reverence Me instead. And do not trade away My revelations for a cheap price. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the disbelievers. And we decreed for them in it that: the life for the life, the eye for the eye, the nose for the nose, the ear for the ear, the tooth for the tooth, and an equivalent injury for any injury. If one forfeits what is due to him as a charity, it will atone for his sins. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the unjust. Subsequent to them, we sent Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the previous scripture, the Torah. We gave him the Gospel, containing guidance and light, and confirming the previous scriptures, the Torah, and augmenting its guidance and light, and to enlighten the righteous. The people of the Gospel shall rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations therein. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the wicked.” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:44-47)
All laws divided into either Islaamic or Jaahiliy
“Is it then the judgment of Jaahiliyyah that they desire? And who is better than Allah to judge for a people who are sure?” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:50)
Considering Non-Muslims to be Muslims
Pereniallism is believing all religions are ok.
No religion ever came and said that all religions are ok. This is a new innovation becoming prevalent in our times. This contradicts what Allah (swt) says:
The only religion in the sight of Allah is Islam:
“Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah is Swift in calling to account.” (3:19)
“And whoever desires a religion other than Islaam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers.” (Aali ‘Imraan, 3:85)
“To you is your religion, and to me is my religion.” (Al-Kaafiroon, 109:6)
“Today, I have completed your religion, perfected My blessing upon you, and I have decreed Al-Islaam as the religion for you.” (Al-Maai’dah, 5:3)
“Some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers.”(At-Taghaabun, 64:2)
One misunderstood verse
“Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (2:62)
This is responded to by the ayah,
“Indeed, they are disbelievers who say: Allaah is Christ the son of Mary… They do disbeleive who say: Allaah is one of three in a Trinity..” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:72-73)
Then Allah (swt) describes the true disbelievers as being those who make distinction between the Prophets.
“Surely, those who disbelieve in Allaah and His Messengers and seek to make a distinction between Allaah and His Messengers, and say, `We believe in some and disbelieve in others,’ and seek to take a way between; these are the real disbelievers and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:150-151)
Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (98:6)
Regarding the ayah quoted earlier, 2:62 – those who believe and the Christians *of their times*, and the Jews of their times. The other meaning is those who believe – by converting to Islam.
“I swear by Him in Whose hand is Muhammad’s soul, there is none from among the Jews and the Christians (as of my prophethood) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the message with which I have been sent, but that he will be among the dwellers of the Fire.” (Muslim)
We believe in religious exclusivity, and this concept is not exclusive to Muslims. The average person from other religions believe the same thing. Just like Christians say you must believe Jesus otherwise you will not be saved.
To claim other religions are ok, then it is like saying there was no reason for the Prophet (saw) to be sent – since the other religions are rightly guided. Our belief in religious exclusivity does not affect the way in which we interact with those from other faiths.
“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. It is only as regards those who fought against you on account of religion, and have driven you out of your homes, and helped to drive you out, that Allah forbids you to befriend them. And whosoever will befriend them, then such are the Zalimun (wrong-doers those who disobey Allah). (58:8-9).
Kufr has many manifestations, anything going against the fundamentals of Islam is a manifestation of kufr.