B – Allah’s Names Must be Taken from the Sacred Texts
All of Allah’s Names and Attributes are taken from the Sacred Texts, unlike descriptions (khabr).
Allah has Names (Asmaa), Attributes (Sifaat), Actions (Af’al), and Descriptions (Khabr). Names are most specific. Every Name is an Attribute, every Attribute is an Action, and every Action is a Description. The reverse is not true, so for example, not every Attribute is a Name, but every Name is an Attribute.
Names and Attributes must come from the Quran and Sunnah. An important principle to keep in mind also is that we should not speak about Allah without knowledge.
A khabr is a description of Allah without any negative meaning. So for example in the Quran it says,
Say, “What thing is greatest in testimony?” Say, ” Allah is witness between me and you. [6:19]
This is an example of a khabr that occurs in the Quran, i.e. “shay (thing)”, and this is neither a name nor an attribute.
An example of a Name would be al-Rahmaan, and an Attribute would be Allah’s Speech.