F – Affirming the Lucid and Clear Language of the Divine Texts
Simply affirming the fact that the Quran is clear is enough to refute the previous concepts discussed. It was revealed in a clear language such that the scholar and bedouin both can recite and understand it. While the scholar will obviously be able to extract much more benefit and wisdom from it, that benefit and wisdom will never contradict the basic meaning that even the bedouin would understand.
The Quran has been characterized as a maw’idha (admonishment/instruction), shifaa’ (healing), and hudaa (guidance).
O mankind, there has to come to you instruction from your Lord and healing for what is in the breasts and guidance and mercy for the believers. [10:57]
This ayah is in contrast to the peoplep of kalam who call the Quran a book of majaz. The Quran is a book of guidance, not a book of tricks and puzzling meanings.
Haa Meem. By the Book that makes things clear [43:1-2]
It is also a book sent in a clear Arabic language so that people may have taqwa.
And thus We have sent it down as a Quran in Arabic, and have explained therein in detail the warnings, in order that they may fear Allah, or that it may cause them to have a lesson from it (or to have the honour for believing and acting on its teachings). [20:113]
If the Quran was as the people of kalam claim, how could we have taqwa of Allah?
These ayaat lead to the command to ponder over the Quran, the greatest message of which is tawheed
And We have indeed made the Quran easy to understand and remember, then is there any that will remember (or receive admonition)? [54:17]
(This is) a Book (the Quran) which We have sent down to you, full of blessings that they may ponder over its Verses, and that men of understanding may remember. [38:29]
Allah (swt) criticized those people who did not ponder over it, who did not understand it, but only listened or read
Do they not then think deeply in the Quran, or are their hearts locked up (from understanding it)? [47:24]
This is in sharp contrast to the people of kalam, the people of tafwid, and ta’wil, those who read without understanding,
Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle). [25:44]
They are like the mushrikoon who have a barrier between themselves and the Quran,
And when you recite the Qur’an, We put between you and those who do not believe in the Hereafter a concealed partition. [17:45]
It is also a characteristic of the munafiqoon (hypocrites)
And among them, [O Mu?ammad], are those who listen to you, until when they depart from you, they say to those who were given knowledge, “What has he said just now?” Those are the ones of whom Allah has sealed over their hearts and who have followed their [own] desires. [47:16]
Those who make tafwid are basically accusing the Sahabah of this when they say that the way of the salaf was to not understand what was said!
Posted on November 9, 2013, in Aqeedah 102, V - Disputing with the Language of the Sacred Texts and tagged Disputing with the language of the Sacred Texts. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.