What do the Muslims believe about Eesa(Jesus) the son of Mary? – Explained by Shaykh Uthaymeen
Host: Shaykh Muhammad at the beginning of this gathering we would like for you to speak to us concerning the belief of the Muslims regarding Eesa (Jesus) peace be upon him. And what is the ruling for those who say he was killed and crucified?
Shaykh Uthaymeen: All praises belong to Allah, and may the prayers and peace be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and his companions.
The belief of the Muslims regards Eesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam peace be upon him, is that he is one of the noble Messengers; rather he is regarded as one of the five Messengers of strong will. And they are: Muhammad, Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), Eesa (Jesus) and Nuh (Noah) peace be upon them all. Allah the Exalted has mentioned them (as a collective group) in two places in His Book. He said in chapter Al Ahzab:
وَإِذْ أَخَذْنَا مِنَ النَّبِيِّينَ مِيثَاقَهُمْ وَمِنْكَ وَمِنْ نُوحٍ وَإِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ وَأَخَذْنَا مِنْهُمْ مِيثَاقًا غَلِيظًا
And (remember) when We took from the Prophets their covenant, and from you (O Muhammad), and from Nuh (Noah), Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses), and Eesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). We took from them a strong covenant. (Chapter Al Ahzab 33:7)
And He said in Chapter Ash-Shuraa:
شَرَعَ لَكُمْ مِنَ الدِّينِ مَا وَصَّى بِهِ نُوحًا وَالَّذِي أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ وَمَا وَصَّيْنَا بِهِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَمُوسَى وَعِيسَى أَنْ أَقِيمُوا الدِّينَ وَلا تَتَفَرَّقُوا فِيهِ
He (Allah) has ordained for you the same religion which He ordained for Nuh (Noah), and that which We have inspired in you (O Muhammad), and that which We ordained for Ibrahim (Abraham), Musa (Moses) and Eesa (Jesus) saying you should establish religion, and make no divisions in it. (Chapter Ash-Shuraa 42:13)
And Eesa (Jesus) peace be upon him is a human from the children of Adam; created from a mother without a father. And he is a slave of Allah, and His Messenger. Thus he is a slave who his not to be worshipped, and he is a Messenger who is not to be disbelieved. And he does not possess any characteristics of Lordship at all. Rather he is, as Allah the Exalted said:
إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا عَبْدٌ أَنْعَمْنَا عَلَيْهِ وَجَعَلْنَاهُ مَثَلًا لِبَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ
He [Eesa (Jesus)] was not more than a slave. We granted Our Favor to him, and We made him an example to the Children of Israel. (Chapter Az Zukhruf 43:59)
And he (Eesa-Jesus) did not order his people to take him and his mother as gods to be worshipped instead of worshipping Allah (alone). Rather he only said to his people:
اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبَّكُمْ
Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord (Chapter Al Maidah 5:117)
And he (Eesa-Jesus) peace be upon him was created by the word of Allah the Exalted. As Allah the Exalted said:
إِنَّ مَثَلَ عِيسَى عِنْدَ اللَّهِ كَمَثَلِ آدَمَ خَلَقَهُ مِنْ تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ قَالَ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ
Indeed, the example of Eesa (Jesus) to Allah is like that of Adam. He created Him from dust; then He said to him, “Be,” and he was. (Chapter Aali Imraan 3:59)
And there was no Messenger between Eesa (Jesus) and the Prophet Muhammad, peace be upon them. As Allah the Exalted said:
وَإِذْ قَالَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ يَا بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ إِنِّي رَسُولُ اللَّهِ إِلَيْكُمْ مُصَدِّقًا لِمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيَّ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَمُبَشِّرًا بِرَسُولٍ يَأْتِي مِنْ بَعْدِي اسْمُهُ أَحْمَدُ فَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ بِالْبَيِّنَاتِ قَالُوا هَذَا سِحْرٌ مُبِينٌ
And [mention] when Eesa (Jesus), the son of Maryam, said, “O children of Israel, indeed I am the messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad (i.e. Muhammad).” But when he came to them with clear evidences, they said, “This is obvious magic.” (Chapter As Saff 61:6)
And no person’s faith will be complete until he believes that Eesa (Jesus) is a slave of Allah and His Messenger, and that he is free and clear of what the Jews attribute to him; those who say that he is the son of an unchaste women and he was born of fornication. We seek refuge in Allah from such as evil statement. Allah the Exalted has exonerated him from that.
And the Muslims are free from the Christians, those who have strayed as it relates to the true understanding concerning Eesa (Jesus) son of Maryam; such that they have taken him and his mother as gods to be worshipped instead of worshipping Allah (alone). And some of them have said he is the son of Allah. And some of them have said: Allah is the third of the trinity.
As it relates to his killing and crucifixion; Allah the Exalted has surely negated that he was killed or crucified, with a clear absolute negation. Allah the Exalted said:
وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ وَمَا صَلَبُوهُ وَلَكِنْ شُبِّهَ لَهُمْ وَإِنَّ الَّذِينَ اخْتَلَفُوا فِيهِ لَفِي شَكٍّ مِنْهُ مَا لَهُمْ بِهِ مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلَّا اتِّبَاعَ الظَّنِّ وَمَا قَتَلُوهُ يَقِينًا * بَلْ رَفَعَهُ اللَّهُ إِلَيْهِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَزِيزًا حَكِيمًا * وَإِنْ مِنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا لَيُؤْمِنَنَّ بِهِ قَبْلَ مَوْتِهِ وَيَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ يَكُونُ عَلَيْهِمْ شَهِيدًا
And they did not kill him, nor did they crucify him; but [another] was made to resemble him to them. And indeed, those who differ over it are in doubt about it. They have no knowledge of it except the following of assumption. And they did not kill him, for certain. Rather, Allah raised him to Himself. And ever is Allah Exalted in Might and Wise. And there is none from the People of the Scripture except that he must believe in him before his death. And on the Day of Resurrection he will be against them a witness. (Chapter An Nisaa 4:157-159)
Thus whoever believes that Eesa (Jesus) son of Maryam peace be upon him was killed and crucified has disbelieved in the Quran, and whoever disbelieves in the Quran has disbelieved.
Thus we believe that Eesa (Jesus) peace be upon him was not killed and he was not crucified; rather we say verily the Jews have upon them the sin of killing and crucifying, as they think they killed the Messiah Eesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam, the Messenger of Allah. And they did not kill him in reality; rather they killed someone who was made to resemble him. As Allah placed his resemblance upon one of them, thus they killed and crucified him. And they said: verily we killed the Messiah Eesa (Jesus) the son of Maryam. Thus the Jews have the sin of killing and the sin of crucifixion based upon their assertion upon themselves that they did such.
And Allah the Exalted freed the Messiah Eesa (Jesus) son of Maryam from that, and He protected him, and raised him upon to Himself in the heavens.
And he will return to the earth during the last days and he will judge by the legislation of the Prophet peace be upon him. The he will die on the earth and be buried in it. And he will be raised from it just like the rest of the children of Adam.
مِنْهَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ وَفِيهَا نُعِيدُكُمْ وَمِنْهَا نُخْرِجُكُمْ تَارَةً أُخْرَى
From it (the earth) We created you, and into it We will return you, and from it We will extract you another time. (Chapter Taha 20:55)
And His statement:
فِيهَا تَحْيَوْنَ وَفِيهَا تَمُوتُونَ وَمِنْهَا تُخْرَجُونَ
Therein you shall live, and therein you shall die, and from it you shall be brought out (Chapter Al ‘Araf 7:25)
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Masjid Tawheed wa Sunnah