All praises are due to Allāh, and may the Peace and Prayers be upon His Messenger (peace be upon him), his family, all of his Companions and whoever follows them in righteousness until the Day of Resurrection.
Allāh (Jalla Jalaaluhu) says in His Noble Book:
“O you who have believed, do not put [yourselves] before Allāh and His Messenger, but fear Allāh . Indeed, Allāh is Hearing and Knowing.” [al-Ḥujurāt 49:1]
Concerning this verse, al-ʿAwfī stated: “He forbade them from speaking during His speech.” (Tafsīr Ibn Kathīr)
It is also known that whenever Imām Mālik ibn Anas, the Imām of Dār al-Hijrah (rahimahullaaH), would begin his lessons of Ḥadīth, if anyone was talking, he would censure and rebuke them by reciting the statement of Allāh (Jalla Jalaaluhu):
“O you who have believed, do not raise your voices above the voice of the Prophet.” [al-Ḥujurāt 49:2]
Some scholars have stated that the person who talks over the narration of the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Ḥadīth, it is as if they are talking directly over him.
The sittings of knowledge—most specifically those which take place in the masājid—should be held in reverence and honor of the texts and narrations being recited. Are we not aware of the conduct of the companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in such circumstances? In the authentic narration collected by Imām Aḥmad in his Musnad on the authority of al-Barā ibn ʿᾹzib (radhiAllaahu anhu), who said: “…He (i.e. the Prophet) sat, and [the companions] sat around him; it was as if there were birds on their heads.” The saying “as if there were birds on their heads” is a way of describing how quiet and still they were, quiet and still as statues. The noble scholar Shaykh Muḥammad ibn Ṣāliḥ al-ʿUthaymīn (rahimahullaah) stated: “[This was] out of respect for the Messenger of Allāh (peace be upon him) and in honor of the venerableness of this sitting.” (Sharḥ Riyāḍ al-Ṣaliḥīn)
We mention this as a reminder for our beloved sisters that the lessons, exhortations and reminders in the masājid are filled with the verses of Allah’s Book and the narrations of His Messenger (peace be upon him); these gatherings must be honored and respected in the same fashion we see from the noble Companions.
At the same time, it must also be stated that not only is loud talk and chatter contrary to the aforementioned verses and narrations; it is also a harm and distraction for those sisters who have come to the gatherings of Dhikr (remembrance) to benefit and take provisions for their hereafter.
Shaykh al-Islām Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) was asked about a masjid where the people were reciting Qur’ān, but at the doors of the masjid were people talking excessively, disturbing those who were reciting. He answered:
It is not permissible for anyone to harm the people of the masjid: the people of prayer, recitation, remembrance, supplication, etc., [acts] for which the masājid were built. Thus, it is unbefitting for anyone inside the masjid, at the doors of the masjid or anywhere near it to disturb these individuals. Rather, one time the Messenger of Allāh (peace be upon him) came out to his companions while they were praying and raising their voices in recitation [of the Qur’ān] and said: “O people, all of you are praying confidentially to your Lord, so do not raise your voices over one another in recitation.” So if he forbade the person who was praying from raising his voice [in recitation] over another worshipper, how much more for other than this? Therefore, whoever does that which disturbs the people of the masjid or what causes it, they are to be prevented from this, and Allāh knows best. (Majmu’ al-Fatāwa 22/205)
We ask Allāh (Jalla Jalaaluhu) to make us and our noble, beloved sisters from those who honor the masājid, the people of the masājid and the gatherings of remembrance. Indeed Allāh (Jalla Jalaaluhu) has power over all things.
Written by one in need of his Lord’s Pardon,
Abū al-Ḥasan Mālik Ᾱdam al-Akhḍar
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