Enjoin right even if those advised become angry – Ibn Baaz fatwas
Q: There are some Muslim sisters from Al-Mujamma`ah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia who say in their question: When we try to stop the spread of Namimah (tale-bearing) and Ghibah (backbiting) among people, those whom we advise may insult and become mad at us. Are we sinful for making them angry, especially if they are parents? Should we prevent them or forget about matters that are not related to us? Please, advise!
A: Enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the most important acts of worship, as Allah (Glorified be He) says:
The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden) (Surah At-Tawbah, 9: 71)
So, Allah (Glorified be He) explains in this Ayah that enjoining right and forbidding wrong are of the qualities of the believing men and women where Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says:
You [true believers in Islâmic Monotheism, and real followers of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) and his Sunnah] are the best of peoples ever raised up for mankind; you enjoin Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm has ordained) and forbid Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islâm has forbidden), and you believe in Allâh. (Surah Al-`Imran, 3: 110)
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Whoever, among you, sees something abominable should rectify it with his hand; and if he has not strength enough to do it, then he should do it with his tongue; and if he has not strength enough to do it, (even) then he should (abhor it) from his heart, and that is the least of Faith. Related by Muslim in his Sahih (book of authentic Hadiths).
There are many Ayahs and Hadiths on the obligation of enjoining right and forbidding wrong that rebuke those who neglect this duty. It is obligatory upon you and upon every believing man and woman to enjoin right and forbid wrong, even if those whom you invite become angry or insult you. Indeed, observing patience is obligatory as the Prophets (peace be upon them) and their followers did.
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) addressed His Prophet (peace be upon him) saying: Therefore be patient (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) as did the Messengers of strong will .Surah Al-Ahqaf, 46: 35
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and be patient. Surely, Allâh is with those who are As-Sâbirûn (the patient). Surah Al-Anfal, 8: 46
Allah (Glorified be He) says about Luqman Al-Hakim (Luqman the wise) that he said to his son: “O my son! Aqim-As-Salât (perform As-Salât), enjoin (on people) Al-Ma‘rûf – (Islâmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you.Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allâh with no exemption). (Surah Luqman, 31: 17)
No doubt, reforming the society and preserving its integrity are achieved by following the instructions of Allah and then by enjoining right and forbidding wrong.
The neglect of enjoining right and forbidding wrong is one of the greatest reasons for corrupting the society, tearing it apart, and exposing it to general punishment. It is authentically reported from the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) that he said: If acts of disobedience are done among people and they do not change them, Allah will soon punish them all. (Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on trials, no. 2168; and Ibn Majah, Sunan, Book on trials, no. 4005.’)
Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) warned His servants against following the example of the Children of Israel in His saying: Those among the Children of Israel who disbelieved were cursed by the tongue of Dâwûd (David) and ‘Isâ (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary). That was because they disobeyed (Allâh and the Messengers) and were ever transgressing beyond bounds. They used not to forbid one another from Al-Munkar (wrong, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief) which they committed. Vile indeed was what they used to do. (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 78-79)
We ask Allah to guide all Muslims, rulers and subjects, to do this duty in the best form, to reform their conditions, and protect all people from the causes of His wrath. He is the All-Hearer, the All-Respondent.
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