Ramadan with Joy
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Ramadan with Joy
Surah Az Zumar 73-75:
وَسِيقَ الَّذِينَ اتَّقَوْا رَبَّهُمْ إِلَى الْجَنَّةِ زُمَرًا ۖ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا جَاءُوهَا وَفُتِحَتْ أَبْوَابُهَا وَقَالَ لَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا سَلَامٌ عَلَيْكُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلُوهَا خَالِدِينَ
وَقَالُوا الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي صَدَقَنَا وَعْدَهُ وَأَوْرَثَنَا الْأَرْضَ نَتَبَوَّأُ مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ حَيْثُ نَشَاءُ ۖ فَنِعْمَ أَجْرُ الْعَامِلِينَ
وَتَرَى الْمَلَائِكَةَ حَافِّينَ مِنْ حَوْلِ الْعَرْشِ يُسَبِّحُونَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ ۖ وَقُضِيَ بَيْنَهُمْ بِالْحَقِّ وَقِيلَ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ
(And those who kept their duty to their Lord will be led to Paradise in groups, till, when they reach it, and its gates will be opened (before their arrival for their reception) and its keepers will say: Salâmun ‘Alaikum (peace be upon you)! You have done well, so enter here to abide therein.” (73) And they will say: “All the praises and thanks are to Allâh Who has fulfilled His Promise to us and has made us inherit (this) land. We can dwell in Paradise where we will; how excellent a reward for the (pious good) workers!” (74) And you will see the angels surrounding the Throne (of Allâh) from all round, glorifying the praises of their Lord (Allâh). And they (all the creatures) will be judged with truth, and it will be said. All the praises and thanks are to Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Alamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists).” (75))
The people of paradise will enter in groups, that is why you cannot worship Allah (swt) in this life by being separated – when you are together you will have the strength. But when you are separated, you will lose your fragrance.
The keepers of paradise will welcome them, and they will say Salamun Alaykum, and the first thing the people of paradise will say Alhamdulliah – alhamdulliah who has fulfilled His promise.
And you will see the angels encircling the throne of Allah (swt) and they will glorify the praises of Allah, and everything will be just – the people of paradise will be in paradise and the people of hellfire will be in hellfire.
We need to always say alhamdulliah, and another alhamdulliah leads to another, and we have to keep doing this until we reach paradise.
What is the meaning of joy? ( ما معنى الفرح؟ )
The greatest feeling you can have towards Allah (swt) is happiness. We are given feelings which are a gift to us from Allah (swt), but how will it be a gift? When these feelings are channeled for the sake of Allah (swt).
Joy and happiness are a worship, subhan Allah and alhamdulliah that from our feelings we are being rewarded, subhan Allah.
The meaning of (الفرح ) is a delight that hits the heart when you hear, see, or feel something.
Joy is an indicator of magnification of Allah (swt) ( الفرح يدل على التعظيم )
(الفرح ) is a worship and your (الفرح ) is an indicator of magnifying Allah (swt). Anything that you magnify in your heart, you will feel happy for it, so when you magnify Allah (swt), then your happiness will always be linked to it. And this makes you happy to receive any commands and any decrees from Allah (swt), subhan Allah.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Ramadan with Joy
12 June 2014 – 14 Sha’ban 1435
(الفرح ) is a level higher than contentment and satisfaction (الرِٓ ). The more your faith increases about Allah (swt), the more your heart will have different feelings. The minimum feeling is patience, if you are complaining then you are not believing in Allah (swt). So the feelings from minimum are:
o Contentment, satisfaction
Some people are happy for Ramadan because of the extra eating, not having to cook breakfast or lunch, doing extra shopping or going to the tents. But we have to understand the true feeling of joy for Ramadan because it is an indicator of magnifying Allah (swt).
Types of joy mentioned in the Quran ( انواع الفرح في القرآن )
Dispraised joy (الفرح المذموم ): we are forbidden to have this feeling.
o Surah Al Qasas 76: ( إِنَّ مََٰرُونَ ڪَنَٓ مِن وََۡمِ مُوسَ م ى بََُغَ م ى يََََۡ مَِۡ وَ اَُتَيۡنَ مٰ هُ مِنَ ٱلۡكُنُوزِ مَ ء إِنَّ مَفَ تِٓ هََُ لَتَنُ ء و بِٱلۡ صُۡۡبَةِ وْلِى ٱلۡقُوَّةِ إِذۡ لَهُ وََۡمُهُ لَ تَفۡرَحۡ إِنَّ ٱلِلَّّ لَ يُ ب ٱلۡفَرِ يَِنَ ) (Verily, Qârûn (Korah) was of Mûsâ’s (Moses) people, but he behaved arrogantly towards them. And We gave him of the treasures, that of which the keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. Remember when his people said to him: “Do not exult (with riches, being ungrateful to Allâh). Verily Allâh likes not those who exult (with riches, being ungrateful to Allâh))
Story of Qarun who was given intelligence and wealth from Allah (swt) but he was boasting about it. And the people told him to not rejoice because Allah (swt) does not like those who rejoice. But what does this mean?
Don’t rejoice and be excited with the duniya. Don’t be happy or sad for it, there is a dua’a ( التمََ لا تج الدني اكبر مَن و مب غَ مََنٓ ) – (Oh Allah don’t make the duniya our greatest concern and our ultimate in knowledge).
When you put the duniya behind your back, then the duniya will run to you. When you are happy with the duniya, then you cannot be happy with the akhira, subhan Allah. And this will distract you from the real happiness, which is the happiness of the akhira.
o Surah Al An’am 44:
فَلَمَّا نَسُوا مَا ذُكِّرُوا بِهِ فَتَحْنَا عَلَيْهِمْ أَبْوَابَ كُلِّ شَيْءٍ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا فَرِحُوا بِمَا أُوتُوا أَخَذْنَاهُمْ بَغْتَةً فَإِذَا هُمْ مُبْلِسُونَ
(So, when they forgot (the warning) with which they had been reminded, We opened for them the gates of every (pleasant) thing, until in the midst of their enjoyment in that which they were given, all of a sudden, We took them (in punishment), and lo! They were plunged into destruction with deep regrets and sorrows)
These are people who forgot what Allah (swt) reminded them about the akhira, though they are constantly being reminded, but they ignore it. So the gates of the duniya are opened for them and they rejoicr for it, but this is dispraised, because it is a punishment.
When we are happy for the duniya, then we will not be excited for the akhira.
o Surah Yunus 58:
قُلْ بِفَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَبِرَحْمَتِهِ فَبِذَٰلِكَ فَلْيَفْرَحُوا هُوَ خَيْرٌ مِمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ
(Say: “In the Bounty of Allâh, and in His Mercy (i.e. Islâm and the Qur’ân); -therein let them rejoice.” That is better than what (the wealth) they amass)
The only thing of being worthy to feel happy – is to be happy with the special favors of Allah (swt) and His special mercy. And these are favors related to the hereafter, Allah (swt) favors you with worship, Quran, faith, anything that brings you closer to Allah (swt).
Being happy for the akhira is better than when you gather millions of dollars, subhan Allah. But most people don’t know this, they see someone so rich and think he must be so happy, subhan Allah.
So where will you get the special favors and mercy of Allah (swt)? In the following ayah.
o Surah Yunus 57:
يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ قَدْ جَاءَتْكُمْ مَوْعِظَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ وَشِفَاءٌ لِمَا فِي الصُّدُورِ وَهُدًى وَرَحْمَةٌ لِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ
(O mankind! There has come to you a good advice from your Lord (i.e. the Qur’an, enjoining all that is good and forbidding all that is evil), and a healing for that (disease of ignorance, doubt, hypocrisy and differences,) Which is in your breasts, – a guidance and a mercy (explaining lawful and unlawful things) for the believers)
Allah (swt) is nurturing us with the Quran and the Sunnah, these are the sources which produce joy.
The Quran comes as a good advice and a cure for your heart – that is why you feel happiness when you understand it. Why are you sad? Because there is something wrong in the heart, subhan Allah.
The source of joy is from the Quran and Sunnah, but for whom? For the believers, you need belief.
You need to gather your heart with the Quran, and Ramadan is the month of the Quran. The Salaf used to read Quran more in Sha’ban and even more in Ramadan, why? So that they can feel the joy. If you want to benefit in Ramadan, you need to increase your faith from the last 11 months. We also ask Allah (swt) to make each Ramadan better than the last, and each day better than yesterday.
That is why the Salaf are asking Allah (swt) for six months after Ramadan to have their Ramadan accepted and then the next six months in order to reach Ramadan, so it shows you all year-round they are preparing for Ramadan.
Ramadan is the Month of Happiness ( رمضان شهر الفرح ) – Reasons to be happy for Ramadan
Surah Al Baqarah 183: يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ
(O you who believe! Observing As-Saum (the fasting) is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for those before you, that you may become Al-Muttaqûn)
o The Quran by itself is a cure for the heart, and to hear Allah (swt) addressing the believers really motivates you to want to be amongst the believers.
o When Allah (swt) prescribes something for you, then you need to know that is where you will find your happiness, and this shows you how much Allah (swt) cares for you, subhan Allah. And this should make you happy for the favors of Allah (swt).
o And Allah (swt) knows our nature, if it is not obliged to us, then we would not do it, and Allah (swt) wants what is good for us and what will bring us happiness, subhan Allah. Anything that Allah (swt) commanded you to do, means it is a source of your happiness and anything that Allah (swt) forbade you to do means it is a source of your misery. And Allah knows and you do not.
o And to be obliged to fast 30 days is what you need in order to be reformed, subhan Allah. When you are truly fasting for 30 days, you can adopt a very good character and adopt taqwa, when you enter Ramadan, you enter the school of taqwa, but not everyone graduates from this school, we ask Allah (swt) to come out of Ramadan of the mutaqeen. Mutaqeen are those on the Straight Path and who hold themselves from doing wrong for the sake of Allah (swt).
Hadith: (Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him, ‘I am fasting.”) – Al Bukhari 1894
o Fasting is a shield – protecting you from the nafs commanding to evil. For 11 months, there is a fight between the shaitan and your nafs. So in Ramadan, the shayateen are chained, so now it is time to overcome your nafs, which is a greater enemy.
o You are made of body and soul, when you stop feeding your body, then your soul comes to the surface and wants to do good deeds, it wants to be nourished. But in normal days, we are feeding our body that we forget to feed our soul, subhan Allah.
o In Ramadan, you are upgrading yourself to be like an honored creation which are the angels, who do not eat and drink, and they worship Allah day and night, subhan Allah.
o Ramadan is not the month of food – people’s talent for cooking all of sudden comes out in Ramadan, and you don’t want to waste your time with cooking. And your nafs will tell you that you are feeding people, but don’t make it your concern. In Ramadan, we are eating and drinking in order to have energy to worship at night, and as a result, your eating and drinking becomes a worship, subhan Allah.
o Allah (swt) is showing you that as you are fasting, you are able to control what is halal, like eating and drinking, so you should be able to give up the sins, which are haram, subhan Allah. Especially the sins of the tongue. That is why while you are fasting, you are not in the mood to talk, so don’t like, don’t backbite, and slander.
o ( ان امرؤتهَ او ش تٓمه يَُق اني صئٓم ): Suppose someone tells you something bad, how will you react? Tell them ‘I am fasting’. Don’t say ‘you are fasting’ but ‘I am fasting’, subhan Allah. And it should remind you that you are fasting in your heart, meaning to fast your heart from anything bad and negative from the people.
is like a time of am, imagine you wouldn’t be out cooking and shopping and start your cleaning while preparing for an exam, so finish all you need now before the start of Ramadan.
Hadith: Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “If one does not eschew lies and false conduct, Allah has no need that he should abstain from his food and his drink.”) – Al Bukhari Book 9, Hadith 1241
o Anyone who is using his tongue to speak vain talk, talk falsehood, and lie, then Allah (swt) is in no need of his food and drink. Because the sins of the tongue are more harmful than abstaining from food and drink.
Changes in the universe for us ( تغيير في الكون لنا )
The deprived one is the one who enters Ramadan without having his sins forgiven. Imagine Allah (swt) is changing the environment, the universe, just for you – look at how special you are and how He wants you to be close to Him, subhan Allah. Imagine when preparing for an exam, the environment changes, the place is kept clean for you, if you need something, someone will do it for you, etc. And to Allah is the best example, He is changing the universe for the fasting people during this trying time, subhan Allah.
Hadith: (It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: “The Messenger of Allah said: ‘There has come to you Ramadan, a blessed month, which Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, has enjoined you to fast. In it the gates of heavens are opened and the gates of Hell are closed, and every devil is chained up. In it Allah has a night which is better than a thousand months; whoever is deprived of its goodness is indeed deprived.”) – Sunan An Nisa’i 2106
o It is a blessed month, and Allah (swt) wants you to fast in this month.
o The gates of paradise will be open, as if you can feel the ‘breeze’ of paradise, subhan Allah. As if it is welcoming those who fast, and there is an effect for sure. The gates of paradise are 8. And the gates of hellfire which are 7 are closed. And you do not have any opportunity like this, except in Ramadan.
o The shayateen will be chained, it is said that the leader shayteen will be chained, so the effect of evil will be less.
o There is a night that is better than a thousand months, which is the Laylat Al Qadr – Night of Decree. We don’t know when it is, but it is in the last ten nights, so you need to work extra hard in the last ten nights. Imagine if you establish prayer on this night, then it is like worshiping Allah (swt) for a thousand months (more than 83 years), subhan Allah. This should make you so happy, may Allah (swt) allow us to establish Laylat Al Qadr. Ameen.
Hadith:(Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said:
“On the first night of the month of Ramadan, the Shayatin are shackled, the jinns are restrained, the gates of the Fires are shut such that no gate among them would be opened. The gates of Paradise are opened such that no gate among them would be closed, and a caller calls: ‘O seeker of the good; come near!’ and ‘O seeker of evil; stop! For there are those whom Allah frees from the Fire.’ And that is every night.”) – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 682
o A caller will call, we cannot see it or hear it, but we need to believe it because that is our test. If you want to do good, then come forward, and anyone who wants to do bad, then abstain.
o You don’t know how the paradise is being opened and how the hellfire being closed, but it does affect us.
o And every night, Allah (swt) will free some servants from the hellfire, and they will never enter the hellfire. Imagine after the fast, there is a list of people from all over the world that are being freed from the hellfire. Meaning there is a chain to our neck to the hellfire, and Allah (stw) is freeing us. May Allah (swt) free us from the first night. Ameen.
o We don’t know if we have been freed, but a person says how is that possible? You will find that if a person sins, Allah (swt) will guided him immediately to repent and seek forgiveness, and if he wants to sin, you will see something happens that turns him away from it, subhan Allah.
o That is why the scholars said before your body reaches Ramadan, make your heart reach Ramadan first.
In the month of Ramadan, Allah (swt) wants to elevate the ranks of those who love Him, subhan Allah.
Ramadan is the month of the Quran ( رمضان شهر القرآن )
Surah Al Baqarah 185
شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ الَّذِي أُنْزِلَ فِيهِ الْقُرْآنُ هُدًى لِلنَّاسِ وَبَيِّنَاتٍ مِنَ الْهُدَىٰ وَالْفُرْقَانِ ۚ فَمَنْ شَهِدَ مِنْكُمُ الشَّهْرَ فَلْيَصُمْهُ ۖ وَمَنْ كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۗ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
(The month of Ramadân in which was revealed the Qur’ân, a guidance for mankind and clear proofs for the guidance and the criterion (between right and wrong). So whoever of you sights (the crescent on the first night of) the month (of Ramadân i.e. is present at his home), he must observe Saum (fasts) that month, and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. Allâh intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you. (He wants that you) must complete the same number (of days), and that you must magnify Allâh [i.e. to say Takbîr (Allâhu-Akbar; Allâh is the Most Great) for having guided you so that you may be grateful to Him.)
The Quran in whole was revealed in Ramadan from the Preserved Tablet to the lowest heaven, and the first part was revealed to the Prophet (pbuh) in Ramadan from the angel Jibreel (as).
If you want to read, study, listen, or act on any book – make it the Quran. May Allah (swt) make us of the people of the Quran. Ameen.
So that is why we feel happy with this month, because the connection between the Quran and us was in the month of Ramadan.
Happy for the month of repentance ( افرح بشهر التوبة )
Even before Ramadan you want to seek forgiveness, though the month of Ramadan is the month of forgiveness.
Hadith:(Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “He who observes fasting during the month of Ramadan with Faith while seeking its reward from Allah, will have his past sins forgiven.”) – Al Bukhari and Muslim Book 9, Hadith 1219
o You need to focus on your heart while fasting. You don’t fast because of the culture or to lose weight, but because I believe in Allah (swt). Don’t make your fast as a habit – habit kills the reward.
o It is the sunnah of the Prophet (pbuh) to make the suhoor delayed before fajr, and in the suhoor there is barakah because it will give you strength for the whole day.
o (ايم نٓٓ ): Means you need to have an intention in the heart that you are fasting for the sake of Allah (swt) – you have two ways, either before Ramadan, you make an intention in your heart that you want to fast the whole month. Or you make an intention in your heart before the fast each day, which is better so that you renew your intention.
o The intention is important because your deeds are only accountable if you have an intention for the sake of Allah (swt), which is only a gathering of the heart.
o (ا تَس بٓٓ ): Means hoping the reward from Allah (swt). It is in our nature to have expectations, we want to see some results, so what do you expect from Allah (swt) to give you? To enter paradise, to be saved from the hellfire, to draw closer to Allah (swt), forgiveness, etc.
o And whoever does this, then Allah (swt) will expiate your sins, and this makes us clean and we want to be clean from the sins.
o Anything that distracts you, that puts you in a different duniya, then put it on hold – keep the phone, tv away, etc. Imagine as if it is your last Ramadan, you can’t guarantee that you will have another Ramadan, subhan Allah.
Hadith: (Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “He who observes optional prayer (Tarawih prayers) throughout Ramadan, out of sincerity of Faith and in the hope of earning reward will have his past sins pardoned.”) – Al Bukhari and Muslim Book 9, Hadith 1187
o (مَٓ ): means whoever establishes the taraweeh, the night prayer every night. And the condition again as before, ( ايم نٓ و ا تَس بٓٓ ).
o The best of the prayer for the woman is at home, because they can easily can get distracted in the masjid, they will think what to wear, they will chit chat, they bring their children and it can be distracting for others, and you have to be careful of your heart in the masjid because you can feel arrogant, not to argue, riya’a, etc. You can pray at the masjid, but it is better at home. Even the wives of the Prophet (pbuh), though their homes are next to the masjid, they still prayed at home, subhan Allah. You
can pray at home, with your daughter, let your housekeepers join you to, you allow the other children to also see you praying, etc.
o You have to make sure that when you go to the masjid is for Allah, not because so and so imam is at the masjid. Worship is not for our desire, but it is for Allah (swt).
o Those who go to the masjid, then you need to pray with the imam from the beginning to end, so that you can the full reward of having prayed the whole night.
Hadith: (Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whosoever performs Qiyam during Lailat-ul-Qadr (Night of Decree), with Faith and being hopeful of Allah’s reward, will have his former sins forgiven.”) – Al Bukhari and Muslim Book 9, Hadith 1189
o The Night of the Decree takes place in the last ten nights, it is an odd night, and the Prophet (pbuh) would especially focus on the ten nights and make his home awake during the night – everyone in the household would be awake during the night.
o A person might say what if I can’t fast or pray, or I have my menses in the last ten nights – your test is to submit, and for this you will be rewarded. Don’t think bad about Allah (swt), be happy with your decree. You can still recite the Quran with gloves, listen to the Quran, make dua’a, give charity.
Happy for Ramadan ( أفرح برمضان )
Hadith: (A man came to the Prophet (pbuh) and said: O Messenger of Allah (pbuh) if I bear witness that there is no one worthy of worship but Allah, and that you are the Messenger of Allah, and I pray the five prayer, perform zakat, fast Ramadan and establish the night prayer, so of whom am I? The Messenger (pbuh) of the truthful ones and martyrs.) – Sahih
o So doing all of the five obligations but in addition establishing the night prayer in Ramadan, and this shows you the greatness of this month. Some people might say this is simple, but you don’t get the reward unless you are thinking about the reward, this is what makes the difference. That is why those who know are not equal to those who do not know, subhan Allah.
o The sidiqeen come after the messengers, and to have this is according to your intention.
o Some people say the word the truth, but in their heart is something different – this is hypocrisy.
Hadith:(Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “There are three whose supplication is not rejected: The fasting person when he breaks his fast…) – Jami` at-Tirmidhi 3598
o Hasten to break your fast because that shows submission, as soon as the adhan calls, then the sunnah is to break your fast with fresh dates and the sunnah is to have suhoor with dry dates.
o Right before breaking the fast you have an acceptable invocation, so don’t be busy with cooking and frying.
Happy for Intercession ( أفرح بالشفاعة )
Hadith: (Fasting and the Quran intercede for the slave on the Day of Judgement, the fast will say, Rabb, I deprived him from food and temptations during the day, so allow me to intercede for him and the Quran will say I deprived him from sleeping during the night, so allow me to intercede for him, He says so they intercede)
o It is as if your fast and Quran will be tangible, and they will be your lawyers – they will speak on your behalf.
o The intercession is when a person is in the hellfire, then it takes him to paradise, and if he is in paradise, then the intercession will elevate him, subhan Allah.
Happy for Rewards ( أفرح بالأجور )
Hadith: (Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Allah the Exalted and Majestic said: ‘Every act of the son of Adam is for him, except As-Siyam (the fasting) which is (exclusively) for Me, and I will reward him for it.’ The fasting person has two joyous occasions, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time of meeting his Rubb. Surely, the breath of one observing Saum is better smelling to Allah than the fragrance of musk.) – Al Bukhari and Muslim Book 9, Hadith 1215
o For the fast, Allah (swt) gives a unique reward, unlike other rewards which are from 10 to 700.
o Imagine if a teacher tells a student, if you do this, then I will do this for you. But if you do this specific task, then there is a surprise for you. And to Allah (swt) is the best example, the fast is for Allah (swt) and He will reward him for it. The reward is not mentioned.
o What does the fast is for Me mean? When you fast, only Allah (swt) knows if you are really fasting because you cannot fast for someone else. People might pray for riya’a, or they might sacrifice to other than Allah (swt), but they do not fast for someone else.
o The angels cannot record the actions of the hearts, only the actions outside, but the heart only belongs to Allah (swt).
o On the Day of Judgement there is Qantara, which is a bridge before paradise where you have to settle the scores between people. For example, in the duniya, you spoke bad about someone, then on the Day of Judgement, they will come and take from your hasanat, but the hasanat from your fast, cannot be touched, subhan Allah. But of course that fast must have been done sincerely for Allah (swt).
o The smell that comes from the one who is fasting is more beloved to Allah (swt) than the fragrance of musk, subhan Allah. You might think it is an unpleasant smell but Allah (swt) appreciates it, subhan Allah.
o There are two joys for the one who fasts:
When he breaks his fast, he needs to have that joy and happiness, why at the time of breaking the fast specifically? Because of the reward, because Allah (swt) said it is for Me, Allah (swt) favored you and had mercy on you to worship, and to be able to eat, subhan Allah. That is why Ramadan is an opportunity to submit to Allah (swt) and to show that you are an obedient slave of Allah (swt).
The other joy, is when he meets his Lord, he will have another joy. Imagine the happiness of meeting Allah (swt), and that is for those who are fasting. You will meet Allah (swt) with joy and happiness because you will see the reward, subhan Allah.
What are the characteristics of those who do not feel joy for Ramadan? ( ما صفات من لا يفرح
Surah Yunus 7:
إِنَّ الَّذِينَ لَا يَرْجُونَ لِقَاءَنَا وَرَضُوا بِالْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا وَاطْمَأَنُّوا بِهَا وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَنْ آيَاتِنَا غَافِلُونَ
(Verily, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, but are pleased and satisfied with the life of the present world, and those who are heedless of Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.),)
o They are not hoping to meet Allah (swt), they don’t want to die, they don’t want to meet Allah (swt). If someone does not want to meet Allah (swt), then it means his life is focused on the duniya, subhan Allah. Anyone who is hoping to meet Allah (swt), then Allah (swt) loves to meet him, and anyone who hates meeting Allah (swt), then Allah (swt) hates to meet him. Allah (swt) gave you life in order to worship and in order to draw closer to Him. Imagine if you are told that you have a meeting with a ceo, you will be preparing for it, so what about meeting with Allah (swt)? Are you preparing for that meeting? If you are preparing, then you will feel happy, but if not, then you will not feel happy.
o They are content with the duniya. What made them to be not ready to meet with Allah (swt)? Because they are content and satisfied with the duniya.
Two tests you should do to yourself: for example you missed a voluntary prayer, reading the Quran, and you have so much regret, then your heart is alive, because you missed an opportunity for the akhira. For example, you missed reading Quran today, either you will feel why did I miss it, or you say it’s ok, tomorrow I will do it. If you think that you can do something for the akhira tomorrow, then you are satisfied with the duniya, subhan Allah.
Another test, an opportunity of the duniya comes and you miss it, you didn’t get a promotion, salary raise, etc – if you feel angry about it, then you are concerned with the duniya, but if you say it’s ok if I don’t get it now, another is fine because duniya comes and goes, but chances for the akhira once gone are gone, subhan Allah.
o ( وَٱطۡمَأَ نو ا بِہَٓ ): They are confident and satisfied with the duniya. They are only worried about the duniya, not the akhira. They are not scared that someone might affect their religion.
o They were heedless to the signs of Allah (swt). Allah (swt) is bringing us signs of the Quran, Sunnah, the universe – signs of who is Allah, what is paradise, what is hellfire, the sunrise and the sunset, etc. Allah (swt) is bringing to their very eyes signs, but what is the problem? Heedlessness of the heart, they are not looking at the signs with happiness. They are not seeing situations as signs, but only as coincidence, subhan Allah. The sunrise and the sunset are signs showing you the life cycle, when the sun rises it is like birth and as it sets, it is like death, this should remind you of the akhira. Every situation is a sign from Allah (swt) to draw yourself closer to Him.
May Allah (swt) allow us to receive Ramadan with joy. Ameen.