Night of Decree (Laylatul Qadr) by Ustadha Eman Al Obaid (HafidhaAllah)
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته
Night of Decree (ليلة القدر)
Preparing for the Night of the Decree (الاستعداد ليلة القدر)
§ Be truthful with Allah and your self (وقفة صادقة مع النفس): you have to remember who you are doing this for.
§ Seek forgiveness (الاستغفار): always ask for forgiveness of your sins so that it can make your worship easy and so that you can taste the sweetness of the worship. It is the sins that remove this sweetness.
§ Do your best while seeking the help of Allah (الاجتهاد مع الاستعانة بالله): you want to do things with ihsan, and ask Allah to help you every step of the way.
§ Keep away from pride and arrogance (اياك الغرور و العجب): protect your heart not to feel proud of yourself if you do some kind of worship. Don’t compare yourself to others thinking you did better, this will spoil the deeds – it is Allah who allowed you to do this.
§ Seek Allah’s pardon (سؤال الله العفو)
What did the Prophet (pbuh) used to do in the last ten nights? (ماذا كان يفعل الرسول صلى الله عليه وسلم اذا دخل العشر؟)
1. Enliven the night (احياء الليل): after maghrib until fajr the Prophet (pbuh) would make the time alive and not a time for sleep. It is not that a person gets no sleep, but only a bit of sleep to have energy to worship. A good time to sleep is half an hour or hour after isha.
2. Awaken the family (ايقظ اهله): awaken his household.
3. ‘Tighten his belt’ (شد المأزر): meaning he rolled up his sleeves, and takes on these 10 days full on, prepared for it.
Why the last ten nights? ( لماذا العشر الاواخر؟):
§ To seek the night of the decree. Because we are looking for one night that is worth more than an entire lifetime. You need to search for it every night. Some people say oh it happened on the 21st, and then you slack off, and then you hear others say it was this day, so you would have missed it. So search for it every night.
Surah Al Qadr (سورة القدر):
What is laylt al qadr? (ما هي ليلة القدر؟)
(إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ فِى لَيۡلَةِ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ) (Verily, We have sent it (this Qur’ân) down in the night of Al-Qadr (Decree)
Ayah 1: Allah revealed the entire Quran on the night of the decree, it was taken from the Preserved Table and descended to the lowest heaven in all of its entirety. Then the angel Jibreel (as) began to reveal to the Prophet (pbuh) in intervals.
(وَمَآ أَدۡرَٮٰكَ مَا لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ) (And what will make you know what the night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is?)
Ayah 2: That is the night when Allah will decree all that will happen until the next laylt al Qadr. It takes place on odd night. Angels are carrying out the commands of Allah. On that night, the angels will have a record of what decrees to execute. For example, one angel is in charge of rain, he will only know the rain for that year, he does not know it for the second year. Only Allah knows this, since it is in the Preserved Tablet. The angels of death are given a record of who will die for that year, who will be born, etc. That is why we ask for all of the goodness on that night. We need to increase the dua for pardoning. (اللهم انك عفو تحب العفو فأعفو عني) (Oh Allah You are the All-Pardoning, You love to pardon, so pardon me.) Pardoning is more than forgiveness, you will not be asked your sin on the Day of Judgement, it will be deleted from your record. All of the etiquettes of a dua’a are in this dua’a. Subhan Allah.
What is its virtue? (ما فضلها؟)
(لَيۡلَةُ ٱلۡقَدۡرِ خَيۡرٌ۬ مِّنۡ أَلۡفِ شَہۡرٍ۬) (The night of Al-Qadr (Decree) is better than a thousand months (i.e. worshipping Allâh in that night is better than worshipping Him a thousand months)
Ayah 3: Its virtue is worth more than a thousand months, which is equal to 83 years and 4 months. Imagine can a person worship for a thousand months straight? No, and this is a mercy from Allah for the Ummah.
What happens? (ماذا يحدث؟)
(تَنَزَّلُ ٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَٱلرُّوحُ فِيہَا بِإِذۡنِ رَبِّہِم مِّن كُلِّ أَمۡرٍ۬) (Therein descend the angels and the Rûh [Jibril (Gabriel)] by Allâh’s Permission with all Decrees)
Ayah 4: What happens to the universe? The earth will be filled with the angels, and the angels bring mercy. The dua’as are responded to. Imagine Jibreel (as) will descend on this earth! Subhan Allah. You need to believe this, though you cannot see it, you need to believe that angels are crowding the earth. Subhan Allah.
What is its description?
(سَلَـٰمٌ هِىَ حَتَّىٰ مَطۡلَعِ ٱلۡفَجۡرِ) ((All that night), there is Peace (and Goodness from Allâh to His believing slaves) until the appearance of dawn)
Ayah 5: Peace and tranquility until the fajr time.
Signs on the night of laylt al qadr (العلامات المقاربة):
§ The sky will be illuminated, though we cannot see it because of artificial light.
§ Peace and tranquility: there will be peace between the people and children during the night.
§ Pleasant breeze
§ Sweet taste of worship: you will enjoy the worship, you will feel that one particular night you will taste it. May Allah make our heart light and clean in order to feel it. Ameen. When you get to experience this taste in Ramadan, then you want to experience it all the time throughout the year.
Later signs: The sun will have no rays.
What to do?
§ It starts from after maghrib, and you want to establish qiyam al layl – whether in masjid or home, do it where you find your heart. If you cannot pray due to your cycle, then your test is acceptance, be pleased with the decree of Allah. Your patience will have so much value.
§ Read the Quran: reflect, recite, anything related to the Quran. May Allah never make us bored of the Quran. Ameen.
§ Dhikr, dua’a
§ Switch off the phone, messages are distracting, make your time full of devotion from maghrib to fajr and all throughout make istia’na, seeking the help of Allah.
May Allah allow us to witness the night of the decree and give it its due rights and receive all of its benefits. Ameen.