Causes of weakness of Faith – Part 1 by Sr Qadria
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Causes for Weakness of Faith
21 August 2014 – 25 Shawwal 1435
Causes for Weakness of Faith – Part 1
After having left Ramadan, we should be in a higher state of faith which we want to maintain. For this reason, we need to be aware of the causes for weakness of faith because if we neglect it, we can commit something out of ignorance which will cause our faith to weaken.
Usually we speak of causes for increasing the faith, in this series, we will see what are the causes for the faith to weaken.
Surah Ash Shams
Ayah 1: ( وَٱلشَّمۡ سِ وَِضُحَٮٰهَا ) (By the sun and its brightness;) Allah (swt) is swearing by the sun and its brightness
Ayah 2: ( وَٱلۡقَمَ رِ إِ ذَا تَِلَٮٰهَا ) (By the moon as it follows it) Then Allah (swt) is swearing by the moon and its following of the sun
Ayah 3: ( وَٱلنَّہَارِ إِ ذَا جَِلَّٮٰهَا ) (By the day as it shows up (the sun’s) brightness) Allah (swt) is swearing by the day when its brightness is shown on the earth, making things clear.
Ayah 4: ( وَٱلَّيۡ لِ إِ ذَا يَِغۡشَٮٰهَا ) (By the night as it conceals it) Then Allah (swt) is swearing by the night enveloping the day, when it covers and makes things dark. All of these are great signs and creations of Allah (swt) showing His perfection and wisdom. You will never find the sun and the moon overlapping or collapsing, all are moving in their orbit controlled by Allah (swt). This indicates Allah’s ability and knowledge, He created them and knows the details. It shows Allah’s mercy to us in order to be benefit from these creations. When we know all of this, we should be worshipping Allah (swt) alone and no one else. It is unfair that I would not love Allah (swt) or magnify Him. It would be unfair that my heart would be attached to other than Allah (swt), subhan Allah. Tawheed is required from us just when we contemplate the signs of Allah (swt).
Ayah 5: ( وَٱلسَّمَآ ءِ وَِمَا بَِنَٮٰهَا ) (By the heaven and Him Who built it) Allah (swt) is swearing by the heaven and His Noble Self
Ayah 6: ( وَٱلَۡۡرۡ ضِ وَِمَا طَِحَٮٰهَا ) (By the earth and Him Who spread it) Allah (swt) made the earth spacious in order to be built on, lived on.
Ayah 7: ( وَنَفۡ سِ وَِمَا سَِوَّٮٰهَا ) (And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul), and Him Who perfected him in proportion) You have to know that the soul is one of the greatest signs of Allah (swt) creation. To this day, humans do not know the nature or composition of the soul. The soul is full of emotions – fear, love, hope, etc. It is also subjected to changes and transformations. There are many kinds of souls. The nafs in this ayah is indefinite – meaning it is general, referring to all souls – meaning it could be referring to the soul of the believer and disbeliever.
Ayah 8: ( فَأَلۡهَمَهَا فُِجُورَهَا وَِتَقۡوَٮٰهَا ) (Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him) Allah (swt) perfected the soul by inspiring it and showing it the way to good and evil. When Allah (swt) created the soul, He guided it and showed it to what is good and evil. Therefore no one has the excuse to say I am born in a non-Muslim family and for this reason I don’t know about Islam, why? Because Allah (swt) said He created each soul, each human to have the natural disposition to guide the person to his Creator. Nothing exists without a creator – this is what my nature says. My natural disposition says that any attribute I see is indicative of the doer. For example, I might hear a strong knock on the door, though I cannot see who is behind the door I will say it must be a strong person behind this door. How do you know though you did not see? Because it is in our natural disposition that any actions is indicative of the doer. So when you see the alteration of the day and night and the creation, it should tell you that the Creator is perfect, All-wise, All-merciful, subhan Allah. Even a child will ask his mother where did I come from, she will say you were in my belly, then he will ask where did you come from, she will see her mother, and so forth, why? Because Allah (swt) placed the natural disposition in all of us, including the child wanting to know and seek who is the first, subhan Allah. Until you tell him that Allah (swt) is the first, then the child will be at rest, subhan Allah. Why? Because we are created to have these natural instincts to be guided to our Lord, even if no one teaches us, just by looking at the creation, we will be guided to our Lord. Allah (swt) gave us a mind and senses to use in order to be guided to the truth, no one can give an excuse for not knowing. Allah (swt) showed everyone the way to paradise and the way to the hellfire.
Ayah 9-10: ( ) قَدۡ أَِفۡلَحَ مَِن زَِكَّٮٰهَا )ِ ٩( وَِقَدۡ خَِابَ مَِن دَِسَّٮٰهَا )ِ ٠١ ) (Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself. (9) And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself) – The successful one is the one who purifies his soul and the one who fails is the one who corrupts his soul. How can one purify or corrupt his soul? From the previous ayah, the one will be succeed is the one who takes the path of good and the one who fails with Allah (swt) is the one who takes the path of evil. The one who acted upon the commands of Allah (swt) and abstains from His prohibitions. But the one who disobeys Allah (swt) is the loser. This is an important reality and matter. What will make a person to corrupt his soul? Why? And what will make a person to seek success? Belief, and if your faith is strong it will make you to follow the right way, but if your faith is weak you will be corrupting yourself. So what we want to know what are the causes for weakness of faith so that we do not corrupt ourselves.
Causes of Weakness of Faith
o The world and its allurements
o Associates / companions
o Heedlessness, aversion and forgetfulness
o Committing sins
o The soul that commands to evil
Internal Cause – Ignorance (جهل )
This is the most significant cause for weakness in faith, just as knowledge is the most important reason for increasing faith. You have to know that the knowledgeable Muslim never despairs and never loves matters which cause him pain, misery, or punishment from Allah (swt). On the other hand, you will find the ignorant person despairs from what harms him in this life and hereafter, why? Because he is ignorant.
Knowledge is the basis of every good and ignorance is the basis of every evil. Nowadays you see a lot of oppression, transgression, obscenity, immodesty, etc – this is all due to what? Ignorance, subhan Allah. You find evil spread around the people because of ignorance and corrupted knowledge. What is corrupted knowledge? Any knowledge not based on the Quran and Sunnah. People are following their desires.
Imagine if a person is given poisonous food, and he knows it is poison, will he eat it? No. On the other hand, the one who does not know it is poison, he will eat it and it will harm him. Similarly, it is important to know about the sins and the evil consequences of sins.
Ibn Al Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said if a person truly believes in the hellfire, then his self will not take the path to the hellfire, and if a person truly believes in paradise, then his self will not show laziness to the path to paradise, subhan Allah. But because of ignorance, people are not taking the path to paradise, may Allah (swt) protect us. Ameen.
Ayat in the Quran about ignorance
Surah Al ‘Araf 138: (And We brought the Children of Israel (with safety) across the sea, and they came upon a people devoted to some of their idols (in worship). They said: “O Mûsa (Moses)! Make for us an ilâh (a god) as they have âlihah (gods).” He said: “Verily, you are a people who know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allâh and what is obligatory upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allâh Alone, the One and the Only God of all that exists).”)
o What is the sin due to ignorance in this ayah? Worshiping idols, worshipping other than Allah (swt).
o What was the response of Musa (as) to the Israelites after they asked to have an idol to worship? He said, Verily, you are a people of ignorance. ( قَالَِ إِ نَّكُمِۡ قَِوۡ مِ تَِجۡهَلُونَِ ) – so behind shirk is ignorance.
Surah An Naml 54-55: ( وَلُو طا إِ ذۡ قَِالَ لِ قَوۡ م هِ أۦَِۤتَأۡتُونَ ٱِلۡفَٰ حشَةَ وَِأَنتُمۡ تُِبۡ صرُونَ )ِ ٤٥ ( أَِٮ نَِّكُمۡ لَِتَأۡتُونَ ٱِلرِّجَالَ شَِہۡوَ ة مِِّن دُِو ن ٱِلنِّسَآ ءِِِۚ
) بَلۡ أَِنتُمۡ قَِوۡ م تَِجۡهَلُونَ )ِ ٤٤ ) (And (remember) Lut (Lot)! When he said to his people. Do you commit Al¬Fâhishah (evil, great sin, every kind of unlawful sexual intercourse, sodomy) while you see (one another doing evil without any screen)?” (54) “Do you practise your lusts on men instead of women? Nay, but you are a people who behave senselessly.” (55))
o Lut (as) is telling his people do your approach the sin while you see? Do you lust on men instead of women? His people were committing sodomy, may Allah (swt) protect us. Ameen.
o What did Lut (as) say to them? (بَلۡ أَِنتُمۡ قَِوۡ م تَِجۡهَلُونَِ ) (But you are an ignorant people)
Surah Az Zumar 64: ( قُلِۡ أَِفَغَيۡرَِ ٱِللَِّّ تَِأۡمُرُوٓنِّىِٓ أَِعۡبُدُِ أَِيُّہَا ٱِلۡجَٰ هلُونَِ ) (Say (O Muhammad SAW to the polytheists): “Do you order me to worship other than Allâh? O you fools!”)
o The sin is shirk, which is ignorance.
Surah Al Ahzab 33: (And stay in your houses, and do not display yourselves like that of the times of ignorance, and perform As-Salât (Iqamât¬as¬Salât), and give Zakât and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh wishes only to remove Ar¬Rijs (evil deeds and sins) from you, O members of the family (of the Prophet SAW), and to purify you with a thorough purification.)
o The sin in this ayah is immodesty.
o Allah (swt) is addressing the wives of the Prophet (pbuh) and they are our examples. Allah (swt) is telling the Muslim women to stay in your homes, nowadays, the men is staying at home and the women is out, subhan Allah. It is better for the woman to stay at home if they don’t need to work. What else does Allah (swt) say? Do not display yourselves like the time of ignorance, so any women displaying herself with full make-up, without the proper hijab, then she is acting like the time of ignorance. Behind immodesty is ignorance, subhan Allah.
o You can find behind every sin is due to ignorance. If a person commits a sin out of ignorance, then he should repent, and Allah (swt) will accept his repentance.
Surah An Nisa’a 17: ( إ نَّمَا ٱِلتَّوۡبَةُِ عَِلَى ٱِللَِّّ لِ لَّ ذينَِ يَِعۡمَلُونَِ ٱِلسُّوٓءَِ بِ جَهَٰلَ ةِ ثُِمَِّ يَِتُوبُونَِ من قَِ ري بِ فَِأ ولَٰٓٮ كَِ يَِتُوبُِ ٱِللَُِّّ عَِلَيۡ ہمِِۡۗ وَِكَانَِ ٱِللَُِِّّ
عَل ي ما حَِڪ ي ما ) (Allâh accepts only the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and foolishness and repent soon afterwards; it is they whom Allâh will forgive and Allâh is Ever All¬Knower, All¬Wise)
Surah Al An’am 54: (When those who believe in Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) come to you, say: “Salâmun ‘Alaikum” (peace be on you); your Lord has written (prescribed) Mercy for Himself, so that, if any of you does evil in ignorance, and thereafter repents and does righteous good deeds (by obeying Allâh), then surely, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
o What is the impact of mercy in this verse? If you commit sin out of ignorance, then Allah (swt) will accept your repentance.
Surah An Nahl 119: (Then, verily! Your Lord— for those who do evil (commit sins and are disobedient to Allâh) in ignorance and afterward repent and do righteous deeds, verily, your Lord thereafter, (to such) is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.)
o Those who do evil out of ignorance (ب جَهَٰلَ ةِ ) and repent, then Allah (swt) will accept their repentance – this means that the gate of repentance is still open for us, alhamdulliah. So ask for forgiveness for what you may have done in the past out of ignorance because Allah (swt) is All-Forgiving. Don’t be of those who know, and are persisting and insisting, this is aversion and is a very serious sickness.
Ignorance is what? They are ignoring the consequence of the sin, they don’t know what is the punishment behind adultery for example, they don’t know that Allah (swt) is displeased with them, they don’t know that Allah (swt) is watching them while they are committing the sin – they don’t know of Allah’s greatness, subhan Allah. There are people who are taking sins lightly, but do you know who you are disobeying? The King, The Most Great.
Don’t look at the sin as being small, but the greatness of Who you are disobeying. We even have to watch our thoughts.
They are ignoring Allah’s accounting of them, they are ignoring Allah’s punishment, they are ignoring Allah’s hellfire. If the disease of ignorance dominates the heart, then the person will sink into darkness – he will not see well. What is the cure for this sickness? Knowledge. As much as you can, learn about Allah (swt), the Prophet (pbuh), the Quran – how much time are you giving to read the Quran and understand it. We have time for everything, but we don’t have time to Allah (swt) or come to class for 1 hour, subhan Allah.
Internal cause – Heedlessness (غفلة )
A person might have heedlessness alone, heedlessness with aversion, or all three – heedlessness, aversion, and forgetfulness.
Heedlessness is negligence due to lack of alertness / awareness. Allah (swt) has condemned this blameworthy mannerism in the Quran a lot – and it is one of the attributes of the disbelievers and hypocrites, may Allah (swt) protect us. Ameen.
Surah Al ‘Araf 179: (And surely, We have created many of the jinn and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, and they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.)
o Allah (swt) is talking about the people of the hellfire, what is their description? They have a heart that does not understand, eyes which do not see, and ears that do not hear – they are even worse than the cattle. Cattle have eyes and ears, but they are benefiting from it. But the people are using their hearts, eyes, and ears only for their worldly benefits, neglecting the hereafter. All of their desires and intentions revolve around worldly matters. Getting rich, building a house, travelling the world, getting married and having children, etc.
Surah Yunus 7-8: (Verily, those who hope not for their meeting with Us, but are pleased and satisfied with the life of the present world, and those who are heedless of Our Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.), (7) Those, their abode will be the Fire, because of what they used to earn. (8))
o What is the description of the heedless? They are not hoping for the meeting of Allah (swt), they are just hoping from the duniya, they are pleased with this world, and they are satisfied and at rest with this life. They say alhamdulliah that I have this much money in my account, etc – they are feeling at rest towards the duniya.
o They are heedless of Allah’s signs, so what is their abode? The hellfire.
o When you miss the night prayer? What is your feeling? And at the same time if you lose your job? What is your feeling? When people miss any salat, they will say I will compensate it tomorrow, there is no feeling of guilt in the heart; whereas if a person loses any worldly thing, look at how miserable he will be, as if it is judgement day, subhan Allah. This is an indication of a person who has placed the duniya over the hereafter. Or she missed reading the Quran one day, she will say I will make it up tomorrow. Or while travelling, the prayer is not on time, less Quran, etc.
بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم
Causes for Weakness of Faith
21 August 2014 – 25 Shawwal 1435
Surah Yunus 92: ( فَٱلۡيَوۡمَِ نُِنَجِِّيكَِ بِ بَدَن كَِ لِ تَكُونَِ لِ مَنِۡ خَِلۡفَكَِِِ
ءَايَةِۚ وَِإ نَِّ كَِث ي را مِِّنَِ ٱِلنَّا سِ عَِنِۡ ءَِايَٰت نَا لَِغَٰف لُونَِ ) (So this day We shall deliver your (dead) body (out from the sea) that you may be a sign to those who come after you! And verily, many among mankind are heedless of Our Ayât)
o When Allah (swt) says most of the people are heedless of His signs, do not exempt yourself. What are the signs of Allah (swt)? There are universal signs like the sun, moon, alternation of night and day, everything in this life starts weak, then strong, then weak again – and the same to all of us, sooner or later we will die, but we are heedless of this. Look at the sun, it starts weak, then bright at noon, then sets., subhan Allah. Allah (swt) is showing us these signs.
o Allah (swt) is showing us signs in our lives, from the decrees and events we are going through – Allah (swt) is telling us to take care, to wake-up. When you see no blessing in your health, wealth, time, children – this is a sign from Allah (swt) in order to awaken us. Allah (swt) is telling us that you are committing a sin, but people are heedless. Till when will you remain like this? Until a person dies on heedlessness – this is a very serious matter, we ask Allah (swt) to protect us. Ameen.
Impact of Heedlessness
What is the impact of heedlessness on a person?
o The person will not bother or care about obeying Allah (swt). He is told about the importance of Judgement Day and he is heedless.
o Even if he obeys Allah (swt) and offers the salat, he is obeying Allah (swt) with a heedless heart – his salat has no submissiveness, he is not perfecting his prayer.
o He is occupied with things that distract him from remembering Allah (swt), with his job, with the duniya, etc.
What should we do in order to come out of heedlessness?
o You have to know that Prophet (pbuh) sought refuge in Allah (swt) from heedlessness.
o Turn away from the places that cause heedlessness for you. Once the Prophet (pbuh) and the companions were travelling where qadr Allah, they didn’t wake up until sunrise. So the Prophet (pbuh) told them to move from this place.
o The Prophet (pbuh) said whoever establishes 10 verses of the Quran in the night prayer then he will not be written of the heedless.
o Stay away from people who are causing you heedlessness, accompany the good people.
May Allah (swt) increase us in faith. Ameen.