Hadith 10 : Restricting Oneself To The Pleasant Halaal
On the authority of Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: Allaah the Almighty is Good and accepts only that which is good. And verily Allaah has commanded the Believers to do that which He has commanded the Messengers. So the Almighty has said:“O (you) Messengers! Eat of the Tayyibaat [all kinds of Halaal (legal) foods], and perform righteous deeds.” [23:51] and the Almighty has said:“O you who believe! Eat of the lawful things that We have provided you” [2:172]. Then he mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is dishevelled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying “O Lord! O Lord!”, while his food is Haraam (unlawful), his drink is Haraam, his clothing is Haraam, and he has been nourished with Haraam, so how can [his supplication] be answered ?! [Narrated by Muslim.]
“Not equal are Al Khabeeth (all that is evil and bad as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.) and At-Tayyib (all that is good as regards things, deeds, beliefs, persons, foods, etc.), even though the abundance of Al-Khabeeth (evil) may please you.” (Surah Al-Ma`idah 5:100)
This hadith has lots of benefits. The meaning of Allah being tayyib means Allah is Exalted from deficiency or bad, like His name Al-Quddos or As-Salaam. He is Exalted from deficiencies in His Names, Attributes, Essence, Actions. Allah’s Essence, Names Attributes, Actions, and what He legislated for the Ummah are all good. Alah allows the good and makes prohibited what is evil or not good. His Deen His Rules are all good. He is Pure and He does not accept what is not pure.
What is tayyib according to the actions? They have to have ikhlas or sincerity and must be done according to the sunnah and it is done by a Muslim. The 3i’s Islam, Itibaa’, Ikhlas. Allah does not accept the actions of a non-muslim even if he pays a mountain (Uhud) of Gold. This thing that is good that Allah accept has to have the three conditions stated above. Allah accepts the money that is given in charity should be from halaal means. Like it is not permissible to give either alcohol or the flesh of pig to a hungry poor person. That is
haraam and impermissible. If someone invests his money in a bank and earns interest on it and says that he will use the money to spend on the poor, this is also not accepted. When we give chrity it must be from halaal money.
Not accepting is of two types: Allah accepts only that which is good.
1) Unacceptance where the worship is invalid. 2) Unacceptance where the worship is valid.
The Messenger said Allah does not accept the salaah of any of you if he invalidates his wudu till he makes wudu. The Messenger said khamr is the mother of all evils. Whoever drinks it his salaah will not be accepted for 40 days and if he dies with alcohol in his belly he will die a death of Jahilliyyah. The Messenger said the salaah of women who applies perfume and comes to the masjid till she goes back and takes a ghusl like that of janaba. The Messenger said ‘charity from stealing is not accepted.” These are 4 situations, two of these are for the 1st category and two for the second category. The Salaah of the woman who applied perfume in the masjid, is her salaah not accepted? Does she need to make up her salaah? Or is it that she is not rewarded for it. So is the salaah of the one who drinks alcohol. He will not get the reward but he does not have to make up the salaah. In the other two instances if he does salaah without wudu he has to redo the salaah and if he gives charity out of stolen money it is not accepted.
Allah ordered the believers with what he ordered the Messengers. This is raising the status of the believers, where the believer has a good feeling that he is asked to do what the Messengers were asked to do. And he feels an awe taht he is asked to do what the Messengers were asked to do. This shows a high status and that they are loved by Allah. The Scholars said the general ruling where the Messenger is addressed the Ummah enters it automatically. For example, Allah said:”Call to the way of your Lord with wisdom and beautiful preaching”. Call here is mentioned in the singular form, this is addressing to the Messenger and his Ummah. They are included because they are his ummah and they follow his sunnah. So we have to call with wisdom and beautiful preaching. This is a general
ruling. When Allah tells the Messenger that We have made halaal for you women…this is specifically for the Messenger alone. So generally we are included in the order but when it is specific for the Messenger we aren’t. Some Scholars said that the order is for every believer reader who reads it. There is a beneft in it that the Messengers themselves are ordered and prohibited on them. It is not just us who are ordered. It gives us a good feeling that it is for everyone not just me. Everything that is halaal is tayyib when it comes to food.
The good in the actions is the ones that have ikhlas and itibaa in it. When you remember that this Blessing is from Allah should not allow you to use it in an evil way but should use it in a good way. The ruling on eating are many different things, if one is dying of hunger and he is abstaining yourself from eating then that is haraam, it is mustahab if you eat to increase your strength to worship. Eating is obligatory for the believer. Some said this is limiting the eating with good things alone. So the most correct is eating is obligatory to keep one alive. If eating is done in excess it can be makrooh or haraam.
Then he mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty, and who spreads out his hands to the sky saying: “O Lord! O Lord!”, while his food is Haraam (unlawful), his drink is Haraam, his clothing is Haraam, and he has been nourished with Haraam, so how can [his supplication] be answered ?! [Narrated by Muslim.]
Three dua’s are accepted 1) thar of the oppressed 2) duaa of the father for his son 3) duaa of a traveller. This is stated in the hadith:
Abu Hurairah narrated from the Messenger, “Three supplications are accepted , there is no doubt in them (about them being accepted): The supplication of the oppressed, the supplication of the traveler, and the supplication of his father against his son.”
In the hadith the traveller is described as dishevelled and dirty, and he is calling upon Allah and making tawassul with his condition. He is raising his hands to the sky, in it is a daleel that Allah is above the sky. The other proof is the names of Allah that show He is above His creation, like A’la, ‘Aalee like Al Mutaalee, wad Dahirun. There are seven ayah that mention the istawa of Allah as suits His Majesty. Surah Ara’f ayah 54, Surah Younus ayah 3, Surah Ra’d ayah 2, Surah Taha ayah 5, Surah Furqan ayah 59, Surah Sajda ayah 4 and Surah Al-Qamar ayah 4.
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger said, “If somebody gives in charity something equal to a date from his honestly earned money, for nothing ascends to Allah except good… then Allah will take it in His Right (Hand) and bring it up for its owner as anyone of you brings up a baby horse, till it becomes like a mountain.” Abu Huraira said: The Prophet. said, “Nothing ascends to Allah except good. (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Abu Huraira reported: The Messenger of Allah (?) said: Angels take turns among you by night and by day, and they all assemble at the dawn and afternoon prayers. Those (of the angels) who spend the night among you, then, ascend, and their Lord asks them, though He is the best informed about them: How did you leave My servants? They say: We left them while they were praying and we came to them while they were praying.(Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Another evidence is the evidence that shows that Allah is above the sky. In Surah Mulk ayah 16. Do you feel secure that He, Who is over the heaven (Allah), will not cause the earth to sink with you, then behold it shakes (as in an earthquake)?
Narrated Anas: “When this Ayah was revealed about Zainab bint Jahsh: ‘So when Zaid had completed his aim with her, We gave her to you in marriage (33:37)’ he said: “She used to boast to the wives of the Prophet (?): ‘Your families married you (to him) while Allah married me (to him) from above the Seven Heavens.’” (At-Tirmidhi) (Al-Bukhari).
Imam Maalik was asked about the istiwa, he lowered his head and began to sweat profusely then he said, 1) Istawa is not unknown, 2) the kayf is incomprehendable, 3) believing in it is obligatory and 4) asking about is innovation.
Nu`aym bin Hammad Al-Khuza’i, the teacher of Imam Al-Bukhari, who said, “Whoever likens Allah with His creation, will have committed Kufr. Whoever denies what Allah has described Himself with, will have committed Kufr. Certainly, there is no resemblance (of Allah with the creation) in what Allah and His Messenger have described Him with. Whoever attests to Allah’s attributes that the plain Ayat and authentic Hadiths have mentioned, in the manner that suits Allah’s majesty, all the while rejecting all shortcomings from Him, will have taken the path of guidance.”
The person mentioned in the hadith calls out to Allah saying O Lord, O Lord. A lot of Messengers call Allah by His ruboobiyyah, the Ruboobiyyah of Allah is addressed as O Lord or Rabb shows that as the witnessed the Rububiyyah of Allah. How He protected, nourished. In the hadith it says that haraam clothes, haraam food, haraam, his drink is haraam and he is nourished with haraam. So we know that one who has all these categories theit duaa is not accepted.
Notes From Sharh (Explanation):
And this is one of those ahaadeeth upon which the Principles and Rulings of Islaam are built. And in it is encouragement towards spending upon that which is Halaal, and forbiddance from spending upon that which is other than that. And that what is eaten, and what is drunk and what is worn, and all such similar things should be purely Halaal, without any doubt in them. And that whosoever wishes to supplicate to Allaah should humble and submit himself before his Lord with that which is Halaal. And from the hadeeth we also understand that when the slave spends upon the good, Halaal things then these things purify him and bring him prosperity. And that delicious and tasty food which is not permissible to eat will instead be a source of evil and punishment, and the actions of the slave will then not be acceptable by Allaah.
And his (صلى الله عليه وسلم) statement “Then he mentioned [the case] of a man who, having journeyed far, is disheveled and dusty…” then its meaning is best known by Allaah. But we know from other ahaadeeth that the supplication of the traveler is more readily acceptable to Allaah, and a ‘long journey’ could be from amongst the actions of worship, such as the Hajj or Jihaad or other than that from the pious actions. And even in this case his supplication is still not accepted because his food, drink and clothing are Haraam. So how about the case of the one who is travelling for some purpose of the dunyaa, or for oppressing the people, or those who are ignorant of the various types of worship and goodness.
And his (صلى الله عليه وسلم) statement: “who spreads out his hands to the sky” means that he raises his hands in supplication to Allaah ‘azza wa jall, while at the same time he is opposing His commands and is sinning. And his (صلى الله عليه وسلم) statement: “so how can [his supplication] be answered ?!” and in another narration “so how can he be answered because of that ?!”, means that there cannot be an answer for the one who possesses such characteristics. Such a person cannot be amongst those whose supplication will be answered, unless Allaah the Almighty does so out of His infinite Grace and Kindness and Generosity, and Allaah knows best.
Unacceptance is of two types: 1) Unacceptance the worship is invalid 2) Unacceptance and the worship is valid.
Which means In the hadith of Abdurrahman:
One day I happened to pass that way and found that a wolf had carried a goat from her flock. I am after all a man from the posterity of Adam. I felt sorry as they (human beings) feel sorry. So I slapped her. I came to the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and felt (this act of mine) as something grievous I said: Messenger of Allah, should I not grant her freedom? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Bring her to me. So I brought her to him. He said to her: Where is Allah? She said: He is in the heaven. He said: Who am I? She said: Thou art the Messenger of Allah. He said: Grant her freedom, she is a believing woman. (Sahih Muslim)
Adullah bin Amr reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:
“Be merciful to those on earth, so that the One above the heavens will be merciful to you.”
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “When Allah decrees some order in the heaven, the angels flutter their wings indicating complete surrender to His saying which sounds like chains being dragged on rock. And when the state of fear disappears, they ask each other, “What has your Lord ordered? They say that He has said that which is true and just, and He is the Most High, the Most Great.” (34.23). (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “The angel of death used to appear to people whose souls he would collect. When he came to the Prophet of Allaah, Musa alayhis-salaam to collect his soul, Musa punched out his eye. The angel of death ascended to his Rubb, the Glorious, and said to Him, My Rabb! You have sent me down to Musa who punched out my eye. Had he not been honored by You, I would have given him hard time…” The angel of death descended to Musa from the eaven to collect his soul. He did not come to him from east, west, north, or south, nor did he emerge from the earth, and then he ascended to His Rabb Who is above the heavens.
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “There are hundred levels in Jannah which Allaah has prepared for the Mujahideen who fight in His cause. Between on level and another is a distance which is equal to that between the earth and the heaven. When you ask Allaah, azza wajull, ask Him for Firdaws, because it is situated in the midst and Highest point of Jannah from where the rivers of Jannah spring, and above it is the ‘Arsh of the Most Merciful.”
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Our Rubb, the Blessed, the Exalted, descends to the lowest heaven every night, during the last third of the night, and says: ‘Anyone calls Me, I will respond to him? Is there anyone asking for anything? I will give it to him? Is there anyone seeking My forgiveness, I will forgive him?’ ” (Sahih Al-Bukhari)
Abu Hurairah reported that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Allaah will descend to His slaves on the Day of Resurrection.”
Zainab, the wife of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), used to claim excellence over the rest of his wives by telling them, ‘It is only your parents who gave you in marriage to
the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), while it is Allaah Who gave me in marriage to him from above the seven heavens.’
In his speech subsequent to the death of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم), Abu Bakr as-Saddiq said:
“He who was worshipping Muhammed (صلى الله عليه وسلم), (let him know that) Muhammed is dead, and he who was worshipping Allaah, (let him know that) Allaah is above the heaven Ever-Living, never dies’.”
How do they think that Allah nothing is like Him so how can anyone know what it is that He wants to convey? Because this means Jibreal has knowledge of the Unseen.
Invite (mankind, O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’ân) and fair preaching, and argue with them in a way that is better. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from His Path, and He is the Best Aware of those who are guided. (An-Nahl 16:125)
“Subhan-Allah (Allah is free from imperfection), Al-hamdu lillah (all praise is due to Allah), La ilaha illallah (there is no true god except Allah) and Allahu Akbar (Allah is the Greatest)’ is dearer to me than anything over which the sun rises.”
That Allaah accepts only that which is good.
That every believer is obliged to do that which the Messengers were obliged to do (except what is specifically exempted).
That every Muslim must eat only Halaal and must take great care that he has avoided eating whatever he knew to be Haraam or suspicious.
That performing righteous deeds is waajib for every one of us.
That frequently we turn to Allaah for help while we do not try to eat, drink, maintain ourselves and earn in a pure way.
That if we do not take care of the above then our prayers will not be effective.
That it is correct to raise ones hands while asking Allaah for something.