Are the words Tawheed and ‘Aqeedah and the categories of Tawheed present in the Qur’an? by Sheikh Al Fawzaan
“May Allah be good to you, Your Eminence! And this questioner asks: “What is the ruling on the one who opposes the categorization of Tawheed into three categories; Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah (Tawheed of Allah’s Lordship), Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah (Tawheed of worship) and Taweed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat (Tawheed of Allah’s perfect names and attributes), and says that this is from the newly introduced matters which were not present at the time of the Prophet, may the peace and blessings be upon him?”
“I told you already that these people are trying to eradicate the (correct) creed. Sometimes they say that the word ‘Aqeedah (creed) does not occur in the Qur’an and in the Sunnah nor the word Tawheed. And sometimes they say that the categorization of Tawheed into three categories is an innovation. What they want is to cause confusion in this issue. The word ‘Aqeedah is present in the Qur’an and it is present in the Sunnah. Hence the word is extracted from the Qur’an and the Sunnah. The word ‘Aqeedah and the word Tawheed are present and even if not in wording then still in meaning. And as for the categories of Tawheed then they are present in the Qur’an because all of the Qur’an is about Tawheed as Ibn-ul-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy upon him, mentioned. That (from the Qur’an) which talks about the Rububiyyah (Lordship) of Allah, His Dominion, Power and Will, then that is regarding Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah. That which talks about the Names of Allah and His Attributes, then that is regarding Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat. And that which talks about the worship of Allah alone and nobody else and leaving off the worship of other than Him, then that is Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah. All of them are present in the Qur’an and in the beginning of Surah Al-Fatihah. The three categories of Tawheed are in the beginning of Al-Fatihah.
“All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord (Rabb) of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)” That is Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah “the Lord (Rabb) of the ‘Alamin”.
“The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)” That is Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat.
“You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” That is which Tawheed? Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah.
(And) In the final Surah of the Quran, in Surah An-Nas:
“Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord (Rabb) of mankind” (that is) Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah.
“The King of mankind, The Ilah (the only one true deity deserving of worship) of mankind”, “The Ilah of mankind” is which Tawheed? Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah.
“The King (Malik) of mankind” is what? (Tawheed) Al-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat.
But as for these people then they are either ignorant and foolish who don’t understand anything and want to deny that which they don’t understand or that they are people who mislead others and who want to eradicate the (correct) creed, and that is what is mostly the case when it comes to them.”
 Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah is to believe and affirm that Allah alone is the Creator, Sustainer and Owner, the Rabb, of everything.
 Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah or also Tawheed-ul-‘Ibadah is to do all worship, such as du’a, prostration, bowing, making sacrifices, making vows,etc., purely for Allah alone and for nobody else.
 Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat is to affirm and believe in Allah’s perfect names and attributes.
 Imam Al-Baghawi, may Allah have mercy upon him, mentions in his tafsir of Surah Al-Baqarah Ayah 21 the statement of Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with both, where he says that: “The meaning of all statements in the Qur’an in the reference to ‘Ibadah is Tawheed.”
Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, may Allah preserve him
Translated by Salafi-Dawah.com.
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