Category Archives: Aqeedah
Praise be to Allaah.
Aqeedah refers to those matters which are believed in, with certainty and conviction, in one’s heart and soul. They are not tainted with any doubt or uncertainty.
The Arabic word ‘aqeedah stems from the root ‘aqada, which conveys meanings of certainty, affirmation, confirmation, etc.
In the Qur’aan, Allaah says: “Allaah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths (bimaa ‘aqqadtum al-aymaan)…”
The verb paraphrased here as “deliberate oaths” is ‘aqqada/ta’qeed, which refers to when one has determination in the heart. It may be said in Arabic, ‘aqada’l-habl (the rope was tied), i.e., it was pulled tight together. The word i’tiqaad (belief) is also derived from this root, and has the meaning of tying up and making strong. The phrase a’taqadtu kadhaa (I believe such and such) means: I am convinced of it in my heart; this is a rational conviction.
In Islam, ‘aqeedah is the matter of knowledge. The Muslim must believe in his heart and have faith and conviction, with no doubts or misgivings, because Allaah has told him about ‘aqeedah in His Book and via His Revelations to His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).
The principles of ‘aqeedah are those which Allaah has commanded us to believe in, as mentioned in the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): The Messenger believes in what has been sent down to him from his Lord, and (so do) the believers. Each one believes in Allaah, His Angels, His Books and His Messengers. They say, ‘We make no distinction between one and another of His Messengers’ – and they say, ‘We hear, and we obey. (We seek) Your forgiveness, our Lord, and to You is the return (of all).’” [al-Baqarah 2:285]
– and as defined by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in the famous hadeeth which describes how Jibreel came to him and asked him about Islam etc.: “Eemaan (faith) is to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, the meeting with Him on the Last Day, His Messengers, and the Day of Resurrection.”
So in Islam, ‘aqeedah refers to the matters which are known from the Qur’aan and sound ahaadeeth, and which the Muslim must believe in his heart, in acknowledgement of the truth of Allaah and His Messenger.
(Source: Sharh Lam’ah al-I’tiqaad by Ibn al-Uthaymeen, and al-‘Aqeedah fi-Allaah, by ‘Umar al-Ashqar). Islam-QA
Are the words Tawheed and ‘Aqeedah and the categories of Tawheed present in the Qur’an? by Sheikh Al Fawzaan
“May Allah be good to you, Your Eminence! And this questioner asks: “What is the ruling on the one who opposes the categorization of Tawheed into three categories; Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah (Tawheed of Allah’s Lordship), Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah (Tawheed of worship) and Taweed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat (Tawheed of Allah’s perfect names and attributes), and says that this is from the newly introduced matters which were not present at the time of the Prophet, may the peace and blessings be upon him?”
“I told you already that these people are trying to eradicate the (correct) creed. Sometimes they say that the word ‘Aqeedah (creed) does not occur in the Qur’an and in the Sunnah nor the word Tawheed. And sometimes they say that the categorization of Tawheed into three categories is an innovation. What they want is to cause confusion in this issue. The word ‘Aqeedah is present in the Qur’an and it is present in the Sunnah. Hence the word is extracted from the Qur’an and the Sunnah. The word ‘Aqeedah and the word Tawheed are present and even if not in wording then still in meaning. And as for the categories of Tawheed then they are present in the Qur’an because all of the Qur’an is about Tawheed as Ibn-ul-Qayyim, may Allah have mercy upon him, mentioned. That (from the Qur’an) which talks about the Rububiyyah (Lordship) of Allah, His Dominion, Power and Will, then that is regarding Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah. That which talks about the Names of Allah and His Attributes, then that is regarding Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat. And that which talks about the worship of Allah alone and nobody else and leaving off the worship of other than Him, then that is Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah. All of them are present in the Qur’an and in the beginning of Surah Al-Fatihah. The three categories of Tawheed are in the beginning of Al-Fatihah.
“All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord (Rabb) of the ‘Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)” That is Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah “the Lord (Rabb) of the ‘Alamin”.
“The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful. The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)” That is Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat.
“You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).” That is which Tawheed? Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah.
(And) In the final Surah of the Quran, in Surah An-Nas:
“Say: “I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord (Rabb) of mankind” (that is) Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah.
“The King of mankind, The Ilah (the only one true deity deserving of worship) of mankind”, “The Ilah of mankind” is which Tawheed? Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah.
“The King (Malik) of mankind” is what? (Tawheed) Al-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat.
But as for these people then they are either ignorant and foolish who don’t understand anything and want to deny that which they don’t understand or that they are people who mislead others and who want to eradicate the (correct) creed, and that is what is mostly the case when it comes to them.”
 Tawheed-ur-Rububiyyah is to believe and affirm that Allah alone is the Creator, Sustainer and Owner, the Rabb, of everything.
 Tawheed-ul-Uluhiyyah or also Tawheed-ul-‘Ibadah is to do all worship, such as du’a, prostration, bowing, making sacrifices, making vows,etc., purely for Allah alone and for nobody else.
 Tawheed-ul-Asmaa wa-s-Sifaat is to affirm and believe in Allah’s perfect names and attributes.
 Imam Al-Baghawi, may Allah have mercy upon him, mentions in his tafsir of Surah Al-Baqarah Ayah 21 the statement of Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with both, where he says that: “The meaning of all statements in the Qur’an in the reference to ‘Ibadah is Tawheed.”
Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan, may Allah preserve him
Translated by Salafi-Dawah.com.
Use the player below or download the MP3 here.
: MAN’S FITRAH (NATURAL DISPOSITION)
What is essential to know is that: “Allaah created the creation in order that they should worship Him. Furthermore, Allaah prepared for them – from His Provision – all that they would require. About this Allaah – the Most High – said:
“I did not create jinn and mankind, except that they should worship Me. I do not seek any provisions from them, nor do I ask that they should feed me. Indeed Allaah is the Provider, the Possessor of Might and Strength.” [Soorah adh-Dhaariyaat 51:56-58].
So the soul – if left to its Fitrah (natural disposition and inclination) – would find itself acknowledging Allaah’s Divinity, loving Him and worshiping Him alone, without worshipping others along with Him. However, this fitrah becomes corrupted and it deviates away from the pure worship of Allaah, due to what the devils – from amongst mankind and jinn – whisper to some people, beautifying to them their whispers of deception. So Tawheed (to worship Allaah alone) is the core and root of man’s fitrah, whereas Shirk (directing any part of worship that belongs only to Allaah, to other than Allaah) is alien to it and is something that deceptively enters into it. Allaah – the Most High – said:
“So set your face to the Haneef Religion (the Religion of pure Tawheed), This is the fitrah of Allaah which He created mankind upon. There is to be no change in the creation (i.e, Religion) of Allaah. That is the straight and upright Religion. But most of mankind do not have knowledge.” [Soorah Room 30:30].”1
The above Aayah (Verse) clearly refutes the false notion of the atheists; who claim that the natural basis of man is Shirk, and that Tawheed evolved in man! Not only does the previous Aayah refutes this falsehood, but so do the following two authentic narrations:
Firstly: Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, that his Lord said: “I created all My Servants upon the true Religion (upon Tawheed, free from Shirk). Then the devils come to them end led them astray from their true Religion. They made unlawful to people that which I had mode lawful for them, and they commended them to associate in worship with Me, that for which I had sent down no authority.”4
Secondly: Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Every child is born upon the Fitrah (i.e. Islaam), but his parents make him a jew or a christian or a magian. It is like the way on animal gives birth to a natural offspring. Have you noticed any born mutilated, before you mutilate them.” Abu Hurayrah said: Recite if you wish: “Allaah’s fitrah with which He created mankind. There is to be no change to the creation (Religion) of Allaah.” [Soorah Room 30:30].”3
: THE BEGINNING OF IDOL-WORSHIP
Mankind was, in the beginning, a single Ummah (nation) upon Tawheed, the pure worship of Allaah alone. Then Shirk gradually overcame them. The basis for this belief is what Allaah – the Most High – said:
“Mankind was one Ummah (nation), then Allaah sent Prophets bringing good news and warnings.” [Soorah al-Baqarah 2:213].
“Mankind was not except a single Ummah, then they differed.” [Soorah Yoonus 12. 19].
Ibn ‘Abbaas radiallaahu ‘anhu said:
“Between Noah and Aadam there were ten generations, all of them were upon the Sharee’ah (Law) of the truth, then they differed. So Allaah sent Prophets as bringers of good news and as warners.”4
So: “During the time of the Prophet Noah ‘alayhis-salaam, Shirk appeared amongst his people, and they started worshipping idols along with worshipping Allaah. So Allaah said:
“Indeed We sent Noah ‘alayhis-salaam to his people and he said to them: I have come to you as a clear warner; that you should worship only Allaah.” [Soorah Hood 1 1:25-26].”5
After this clear explanation, it is of the utmost importance for the Muslims to know exactly how Shirk spread amongst the Believers, after they were people upon pure Tawheed?
: THE ORIGINS OF SHIRK
Allaah – the Most Perfect – said about the people of Noah:
“And they said: You shall not forsake your deities / gods, nor shall you forsake Wadd, nor Suwaa’, nor Yaghooth, nor Ya’ooq, nor Nasr.” [Soorah Nooh 71:23].
Ibn ‘Abbaas radiallaahu ‘anhu relates:
“These were all idols from Noah’s nation, which eventually ended up amongst the Arabs. Wadd was the idol which was worshipped by the Kalb tribe in the region of Dawmatul-Jandal; Suwaa’ was for the Hudhayl tribe; Yaghooth by the Ghutayf tribe at Jurf near the region of Sabaa; Ya’ooq for the Hamdaan tribe and Nasr was the idol worshipped by the Dhul-Kalaa of the Himayr tribe. Indeed these five idols were the names of righteous men from the nation of Noah. When they died Shaytaan whispered to their people to make statues of them in honour of them, and to place these statues in their places of gathering as a reminder of them, so they did this. However, none from amongst them worshipped these statues, until when that generation passed away and the purpose of the statues was forgotten, the next generation then began worshipping them.“6
Muhammad ibn Qays radiallaahu ‘anhu said:
“Yaghooth, Ya’ooq and Nasr were a group of righteous men, who were taken as examples to be followed by their people. So when they died their companions said: If we were to make pictures of them it would encourage us to do acts of worship and obedience to Allaah (as they did). So they made pictures of them. However, when they died and the next generation came, Shaytaan whispered to them saying: Your fore-fathers used to worship these righteous men, and it was due to them that it rained. So they began to worship them.”7
So the beginnings of Shirk lay in the excessive praise and respect given to certain dead pious Muslims, who – due to peoples’ love for them – became idols that were worshipped and supplicated along with Allaah. So what needs to be understood is why people felt that they had to worship these righteous people along with worshipping Allaah.
: TAKING THE DEAD AS INTERCESSORS
Allaah – the One free from all defects – said:
“Indeed We have sent down to you the Book in truth, so worship Allaah alone by making the Religion purely for Him. Surely the Religion, worship and obedience should be for Allaah alone. But those who take as awliyaa (friends and protectors) others along with Allaah say: We only worship them so that they may bring us closer to Allaah. Indeed Allaah will judge between them concerning that in which they differ. Indeed Allaah does not guide those who are liars and disbelievers.” [Soorah az-Zumar 39:2-3].
“And they worship those besides Allaah that can neither harm nor benefit them, and they say: These are our intercessors with Allaah. Say to them: Do you inform Allaah about that which He does not have knowledge in the heavens and the earth. Glory be to Allaah and how free He is from that which the associate as partners with Him.” [Soorah Yoosuf 10:18].
“So Allaah – the Most Perfect – informed us in these two Aayaat (Verses) that the mushriks had taken others from the creation as awliyaa along with Allaah. They worshipped them along with Him, by offering du’aa (supplication) to them, and directing to them hope (of attaining safety or of being cured from some illness) and fear, sacrifice, vows, and their like claiming that directing such worship to these awliyaa would bring them closer to Allaah and that these awliyaa would then act as intercessors between them and Allaah. Yet Allaah – the the Most Perfect – rejected such claims and made clear its falseness and labeled those who claimed such a thing as being liars and disbelievers!”8
“Thus it should be clear to all who have intellect, that the cause of disbelief of the earlier kuffaar (disbelievers) was due to them taking the Prophets, awliyaa, trees, stones and other things from the creation, as intercessors between them and Allaah, believing that such intercessors would fulfill for them their needs and aspirations, without any permission from Allaah – the Most Perfect – nor His approval. They considered it to be similar to how ministers and advisors intercede on behalf of the people with the worldly kings. So they made a (false) analogy between Allaah – the Most Majestic – and the worldly kings and leaders, saying: lust as a person who wishes to present his needs to a king has to go through the king’s advisors and ministers, then likewise we draw closer to Allaah by making du’aa (supplication) to the Prophets and the awliyaa; taking them as intercessors between us and Allaah. However, this analogy is the height of futility and falsehood. Since Allaah – the One free from all defects – has none that is comparable to Him, nor can analogies be made between Him and His creation. Indeed no one intercedes for His creation, except with His permission. and none will be granted shafaa’a (intercession), except the people of Tawheed. For Allaah – the Most Perfect – has knowledge and power over all things, and is the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. He does not fear anyone, nor is frightened by anyone, since He – the Most Perfect – has power and dominion over His slaves and disposes of their affairs as He Wills. This is contrary to the earthly kings and leaders, for they do not have power over everything, nor do they have knowledge about everything. This is why they are dependant upon advisers, ministers and armies to assist them in matters which they, by themselves, are unable to do. They are also in need of being informed about those who are in need, which is another reason for their being surrounded by ministers and advisors. But the Lord – the Mighty and Majestic, the One free from all defects and shortcomings – is free from any type of need or assistance from any of His creation. He is more merciful to them that their mothers and He is the Most Just. And according to His Wisdom, Knowledge and Power, He places all things in their proper place. It is therefore not permissible to compare Allaah with His creation in this manner.”9
: DU’AA TO OTHER THAN ALLAAH IS SHIRK
The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
“Whosoever dies whilst making du’aa (invocation, supplication) to others besides Allaah, will enter the HellFire.”10
: A PROOF FROM THE COMPANIONS
Anas radiallaahu ‘anhu related:
“In times of drought, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiallaahu ‘anhu used to ask ‘Abbaas ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib to pray for rain on their behalf. He himself would say: “O Allaah we used to ask Your Prophet to supplicate on our behalf to You, and You would bless us with rain. Now we ask the uncle of our Prophet to supplicate to You on our behalf, so bless us with rain.” Anas said: So they would be blessed with rain.”11
Sulaym ibn ‘Aamir al-Khabaairee relates:
“That the sky withheld all rain, so Mu’aawiyah ibn Abee Sufyaan went out to pray for rain along with the people of Damascus. So when Mu’aawiyah sat upon the pulpit he said: “Where is Yazeed ibn al-Aswad al-Jurashee?” So the people called him and he came stepping between the people. Then Mu’aawiyah commanded him, so he ascended the pulpit and sat at his feet. Then Mu’aawiyah said: “O Allaah! Today we are asking the best and most noblest amongst us to supplicate to You for us. O Allaah, today we put Yazeed ibn al-Aswad al-Jurashee forward to supplicate to You for us. O Yazeed! Raise up your hands to Allaah.” So he raised up his hands and the people raised up their hands. Then rain-clouds, like large shields, came quickly from the west, and the winds blew, and it rained so much that people could hardly reach their houses.”12
So why didn’t ‘Umar radiallaahu ‘anhu and the rest of the Companions who were with him, go to the grave of our beloved Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam; or to the grave of the greatest of the awliyaa Abu Bakr radiallaahu ‘anhu, and make du’aa (supplication) to them for rain? Why? Because they knew that doing so would constitute shirk? Likewise, why didn’t Mu’aawiyah, and those of the righteous people with him, not delegate someone to go to Madeenah – to the grave of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, or any of the Companions buried there – or directly make du’aa to them from Damascus, in their time of distress and great need? Why? Because they knew that doing so would constitute shirk!
: SOME POINTS OF BENEFIT
Firstly: That Shirk began during the time of Noah ‘alayhis-salaam, due to the excessive love and veneration that the people had for certain dead pious Muslim.
Imaam al-Qurtubee (d.654H) – rahimahullaah – said: “The initial images that were made of these righteous men were done in order that the people could be reminded about their righteousness and so strive in being righteous; as they strove. So they worshipped Allaah by the graves of these righteous men. Then a people came after them who forgot the intent of their fore-fathers’ actions. So Shaytaan whispered to them saying: Your fore-fathers used to worship these images and held them in great veneration.”13
Secondly: “That Shaytaan is eager to misguide mankind and to plot against them. He comes from the angle of exploiting man’s emotions, and lures them into doing acts that are (apparently) good. Thus, when Shaytaan saw amongst the people of Noah their great love and esteem for the righteous, he tricked them into going beyond the bounds in their love, and he got them to make and place statues of these dead pious Muslims in their places of gatherings. The objective of this was to make them swerve away from the right path.
Thirdly: That Shaytaan does not only observe the present generation, and seek to deceive only them; but he also wishes to misguide and deceive future generations. Thus, when he could not plunge the present generation, from the people of Noah, into Shirk, he eagerly awaited the next generation’s arrival, in order that he could misguide them.”14
Fourthly: That the worshipping of dead pious Muslims continues to be practiced amongst the Ummah even today. The difference being is that the names have changed. Thus, instead of worshipping Wadd, or Yaghooth, or Ya’ooq; people have instead directed the same practices of Shirk – like supplicating directly to the pious dead, and taking them as intercessors between them and Allaah – to others; such as to Shaykh ‘Abdul-Qaadir al-Jeelaanee in Iraaq, or al-Baydaawee in Eygypt, or Chishtee in India, etc. However, changing the name of a thing, does not change its reality.
1. Kitaabut-Tawheed (p.6) of Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan.
2. Related by Muslim (8/159) and Ahmad (4/162) from ‘lyaadh ibn Himaar al-Mujaashi’ee radiallaahu ‘anhu.
3. Related by al-Bukhaaree (11/418) and Muslim (18/52), from Abu Hurayrah radiallaahu ‘anhu.
4. Related by at-Tabaree in his Tafseer (4/275).
5. Mubaahith (p.21) of Shaykh Naasir al-‘Aql.
6. Related by al-Bukhaaree (no.4920).
7. Related by at-Tabaree in his Tafseer (29/98).
8. Iqaamatul-Baraaheen (p.27) of Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin Baaz.
9. Iqaamatul-Baraaheen (pp.53-55).
10. Related by al-Bukhaaree (no.4297), from Ibn Mas’ood radiallaahu ‘anhu.
11. Related by al-Bukhaaree (no.1010).
12. Related by Ibn ‘Asskir in Tareekh Dimishq (18/151/1).
13. Jaami’ li-Ahkaamil-Qur’aan (13/308).
14. Bayaan Haqeeqatut-Tawheed (pp.8-9) of Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
If my action is Pre-decreed by Allaah ( عز و جل), then why should I be punished on committing a sin ?
It is for someone to say: If my action is Pre-decreed by Allaah ( عز و جل), then why should I be punished on committing a sin when it is something already Pre-decreed by Allaah?
The response to this is to say:
You have no proof in using Allaah’s Pre-decree as an excuse for the sin you committed, because Allaah ( عز و جل) did not compel you to commit such sin; and that when you embark on committing it, you do not have the knowledge that it is Pre-ordained upon you, because man does not know of what was Pre-decreed except after it is manifested. So before committing the sin, why did you not take into consideration that Allaah has Pre-decreed obedience on you and therefore you obey Him?
Just as in your worldly affairs you strive to take care of that which you consider good, and you turn away from that which you see as evil, then why do you not treat yourself accordingly in affairs pertaining to the Hereafter?
And I believe that there is nobody after being told that there are two roads that lead to Makkah, one is safe and facilitated and the other is dangerous and difficult, would take the dreadful and difficult road and then say that: “this has been Pre-decreed for me”! He will certainly take the safe and easy road. Consequently, there is no difference if you are told that there is a road to Paradise and another to the Fire. So, if you take the road to the Fire, then you are like the one who took the dreadful and rough road to Makkah. Yourself will criticize this man who took such a road. So, why do you accept for yourself to take the road to the Fire of Hell and turn away from the road to bliss? And if man has a proof in Pre-decree for committing sins, then it would not be removed by sending the Messengers. 
 Since their sinful acts after the sending of the Messengers would still be according to the Pre-decree of Allaah.
Translated by Dr Saleh as Saleh rahimahullaah
Source : Understanding Worship – Fiqh ul-‘Ibadah – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen
Belief in Pre-decree (al-Qadar) produces magnificent fruits affecting the conduct and the heart of a person – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen
There remains a brief statement regarding al-Qadar, and it pertains to the fact that belief in Pre-decree produces magnificent fruits affecting the conduct and the heart of man.
Because if you believe that everything occurs by the Pre-decree of Allaah, then at times of delight you will give thanks to Allaah, The Mighty and Majestic, and you do not become amazed with your own self. You do not also think that this matter occurred by your own power and strength. You do, however, believe that it is just a cause– in case you have done the necessary mean by which you have attained that which delights you–and that all the good is in the Hand of Allaah. So you will be more thankful for the blessing granted by Allaah, The One free of all imperfection, The Most High. This will motivate you to carry on the obedience to Allaah in accordance with that which He commanded you, and that you do not regard your own self having a favor upon Allaah. Rather, you see that the favor is His, The One free of all imperfection, The Most High. He, The Exalted, says:
They regard as favor upon you (O Muhammad Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) that they have embraced Islaam. Say: “Count not your Islaam as a favor upon me. Nay, but Allaah has conferred a favor upon you, that He has Guided you to the faith, if you indeed are true.” [Qur’aan, soorat al-Hujuraat (49): 17].
Similarly, if a calamity befalls you, you believe in Allaah and submit without being regretful or afflicted with grief on that. Have you not given thought to the saying of the Prophet (Sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam):
“A strong believer is better and is more lovable to Allaah than a weak believer, and there is good in every one of them. Cherish that which gives you benefit and seek help from Allaah and do not lose heart, and if anything (in the form of trouble) comes to you, do not say: If I had not done that, it would have not happened so and so, but say: Allaah did that which He had Pre-decreed, and He does whatever He Wills, and that “if” opens the way for the acting of Shaytan [by casting opposition to Allaah’s Pre-decree in the heart].” 
So, in the belief in the Pre-decree there is rest to the soul and heart and absence of grief at that which escaped, and of worry and distress at that which is to come. Allaah, The Most High, Says:
No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but it is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (al-Lawh al-Mahfooth) before we bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allaah. In order that you may not grieve at the things that you fail to get, not to rejoice over things which has been given to you.” [Qur’aan, soorat al-Hadeed (57): 22-23].
As to the one who does not believe in al-Qadar, there is no doubt that he will grieve and regret at times of calamities, and the Shaytaan will open up for him every new way or possibility [to confuse him and keep him dissatisfied]. And That he will be pleased and become proud and deluded if prosperity befalls him. The Eemaan in the Pre-decree, however, prevents all of this.
 Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh, vol.4, no.644. The statement between the brackets,“[…]”, is the explanation of al-Qaadee ‘Iyaad in Sharh Saheeh Muslim by An-Nawawee.
Translated by Dr Saleh as Saleh rahimahullaah
Source : Understanding Worship – Fiqh ul-‘Ibadah – Shaykh ibn Uthaymeen – Page 93
Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salaamu ‘ala rasulullaah
Hypocrisy in Belief!
Hypocrisy with respect to beliefs is of six types. Aoodhubillaah! These six types of Hypocrisy in belief (which is the more dangerous type of hypocrisy than the hypocrisy in action) can be found in Shaikh Al-Albanee’s highly beneficial book Tawheed First, O Callers to Islaam
Nifaaq in belief is of six types:
 Denying belief in the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam).
 Denying part of what the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) came with.
 Hating the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam).
 Hating part of what the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) came with.
 Pleasure in decline and diminishing of the Messenger’s (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) Deen (religion), and
 Displeasure in victory and triumph for the Messenger’s (salallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) Deen (religion).
Source: Tawheed First, O Callers to Islaam, pg. 81 (English version, First Edition)
As student of knowledge Moosa Richardson (hafidhahullaah) confirmed in a Private Message:
Any one of the [above six types] is major Nifaaq [Hypocrisy] – disbelief outside of the religion – and thus the Munaafiqeen (hypocrites) are in the lowest parts of the Fire.