Category Archives: IV-Principles Regarding His Names

The consensus of Ahlus Sunnah regarding three principles related to Allah’s Attributes

Selected pearls from the books of the People of Knowledge and Fiqh

The consensus (amongst Ahlus Sunnah) which has been conveyed regarding three principles related to Allah’s Attributes

The First Principle: Regarding Allah the Most High’s Attributes, there is no place for the intellect (in deriving) them.

Al-Haafidh as-Sijzee mentioned in his book “Ar-Radd ‘ala man Ankara al-Harf wa as-Sawt”, pg. 121: “The Imaams have agreed that the Attributes are not derived except by way of refrainment” (i.e.refraining from affirming an Attribute for Allah until there is proof).

The Second Principle: Belief in the Attributes of Allah is by affirming their literal meaning not figurative.

Al-Haafidh Ibn ‘Abdil Barr mentioned in his book “at-Tamheed”, 145/7:

“There is a consensus amongst Ahlus Sunnah that the Attributes (of Allah) are affirmed, all of them, which have come in the Qur’aan and Sunnah and believing in them and understanding them according to their apparent meaning, not figuratively, except that they (Ahlus Sunnah) do not establish the ‘how’ of these Attributes nor do they establish or determine the reality of them.”

However, Ahlul Bid’ah, the Jahmiyyah and Mu’tazilah – all of them – and the Khawaarij deny them (Allah’s Attributes) and they do not understand any of them according to their literal meaning.

Those who deny Allah’s Attributes also claim that whoever affirms them, then he is one who has likened Allah to His creation and conversely, those who do so are considered from amongst the people who negate the One Who is worshipped according to those who affirm Allah’s Attributes.

The ‘Allaamah al-Maqreezee mentioned in his book “al-Muwaa’idh wal I’tibaar bi Dhikr al-Khutat wal Aathaar”, 188/4:

“And all of them (Ahlus Sunnah) have narrated understanding the Attributes as they have come.”

The Third Principle: The literal meaning texts of the Attributes are known to us in light of their linguistic meaning and they are unknown to us with regards to the ‘how’ of these Attributes.

Al-Imaam adh-Dhahabee mentioned in his book “al-’Arsh”, 195/1 whilst commenting on the statement of Imaam Maalik: “The ascension of Allah on His Throne is not unknown (its known linguistically) and the ‘how’ of it is incomprehensible”:

“And what Imaam Maalik said is what the texts have come with and this is what ALL of the Salaf were upon.”

Selected by Shaykh ‘Abdul Qaadir al-Junayd

Translated by Abu Afnaan Muhammad Abdullah


By combining a Name with another, perfection upon perfection is achieved

The Beauty of the Names of Allaah, the Exalted, can be expressed through each and every Name on its own, meaning if you study Al-Hayy, you can derive many benefits. You will have much awe of Allaah and much submissiveness and humility before your Lord.

Furthermore, the beauty can be expressed by combining Names. By combining a Name with another, perfection upon perfection is achieved.

An example of that is Al-`Azeez (the All-Mighty) and Al-Hakeem (the All-Wise), since, Allaah, the Exalted, combines these Names in many places within the Qur`aan.[2]

When used separately, each of the two Names includes a particular kind of perfection. Al-`Azeez includes `izzah (Might), and hukm (Judgment) and hikmah (Wisdom) are understood from Al-Hakeem. Allaah has Hukm; He is the Ruler and the One who legislates. And Allaah has Hikmah (All-Encompassing Wisdom).

When combined, there is another form of perfection understood – that the Might of Allaah, the Exalted, is coupled with His Wisdom. Thus, His Might does not include oppression, tyranny, and evil actions because the `izzah of Allaah is not coupled with dhulm (transgression), it is coupled with Wisdom.

The mighty ones from amongst the creation in the dunyaa may use their might for sin or to oppress people. They tend to oppress, tyrannize, and behave in evil ways.

Yet Allaah’s Might and Strength is coupled with Wisdom. So it used in a way that denotes complete Perfection.

Likewise, the Judgment and Wisdom of Allaah, the Exalted, are coupled with perfect Might and Honour, contrary to the judgment and wisdom of the Creation, as they are often subject to disgrace and humiliation.

Footnotes :
[2] See the following Qur`aanic Verses for examples: Soorah al-Baqarah [2:129, 209, 220, 228, 240, 260]; Soorah Aali `Imraan [3:6, 18, 62, 126]; Soorah an-Nisaa` [4:56, 158, 165]; Soorah al-Maa’idah [5:38, 118]; Soorah al-Anfaal [8:10, 49, 63, 67]; Soorah at-Tawbah [9:40, 71]; Soorah Ibraaheem [14:4]; Soorah an-Naml [27:6]; Soorah al-`Ankaboot [29:42]; Soorah ar-Room [30:27]; Soorah Luqmaan [31:9, 27]; Soorah Sabaa` [34:27]; Soorah Faatir [35:2]; Soorah az-Zumar [39:1]; Soorah Ghaafir [40:8]; Soorah al-Jaathiyah [45:2, 37]; Soorah al-Fat-h [48: 7, 19]; Soorah al-Ahqaaf [46:2]; Soorah al-Hadeed [57:1]; Soorah al-Hashr [59: 1, 24]; Soorah al-Mumtahinah [60:5]; Soorah as-Saff [61:1]; Soorah al-Jumu’ah [62: 1]; Soorah at-Taghaabun [64:18].

Source :

Two Important Principles Concerning Allaah’s Names – Al-Qawaa’id al-Muthlaa –
“All of Allaah’s Names Are Beautiful” & “They Are Both Titles And Descriptions”

IV-Principles Regarding Allah’s Names

Allah’s Names are Derived Only From Texts.

The worst crime is to speak about Allah without knowledge.

“Say: All that my Lord has forbidden is: shameful deeds, whether open or secret; sins and oppression without right, and that you should say about All?h that of which you have no knowledge.” [7:33]

It is a plot of Shaytaan.

“And do not follow the footsteps of Satan, for he is a clear enemy to you. He only commands you to do evil and shameful deeds, and that you should say of All?h that of which you have no knowledge.” [2:168-169]

This is a point of consensus amongst the scholars.

All of Allah’s Names are Names of Majesty and Perfection

Allah (swt) says,

“And to All?h belong the Most Beautiful Names, so invoke Him by them.” [7:180]


Say: “Call upon Allah, or call upon al-Ra?m?n, by whatever name you call upon Him, (it is the same) for to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.” [17:110]


“Allah, there is no god (ilah) but He! To Him belong the Most Beautiful Names.” [20:8]


“He is Allah, the Creator, the Evolver, the Bestower of Forms; to Him belong the Most Beautiful Names. Whatever is in the Heaven and on earth glorifies Him, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.” [59:24]


“For those who believe not in the Hereafter is an evil description, and for Allah is the highest description. And He is the Mighty, the Wise.” [30:27]

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