Category Archives: Aqeedah 100
Introduction to Aqeedah
a – The Importance of Aqeedah
b – The Fruits of Emaan
c – The Implications of Tawheed
Ibn Katheer defines ‘ibaadahas, “a state which combines the perfection of love, submission, and fear.”
Generally speaking these 3 emotions are never combined and directed to only one object. When they are channeled to one object that is when worship occurs.
Ibn Taymiyyah defined it to be, “a comprehensive term, encompassing all apparent and hidden acts and statements that are beloved to Allah.”
In other words, ibaadah can be defined as a state and it can also be defined by actions.
Many other religions consider worship to be simply killing your desires, or trying to benefit mankind. This is incorrect. The Islamic position is that worship is any act that is beloved to Allah.
In general, actions can be worldly or spiritual/religious. Examples of worldly actions are things like wearing clothes, or eating. They are done by humans irrelevant of religion or time. The opposite is spiritual or religious. For example the way Christians worship God are very specific and religious in nature.
For any spiritual or religious act to be accepted by Allah in Islam, it must meet 2 conditions,
Sincerity means to do it solely for the sake of Allah. The second condition means it must agree with the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw). No human being has the right to legislate an act of worship.
The Prophet (saw) said, “Actions are but by intention and every man shall have but that which he intended. Thus he whose migration was for Allah and His Messenger, his migration was for Allah and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to achieve some worldly benefit or to take some woman in marriage, his migration was for that for which he migrated.”(Related by Muhammad ibn Ismaa’eel Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
“You alone we worship.” (Al-Faatihah, 1:5)
If the condition of sincerity is not met, then a person will fall into shirk. If the condition of conformity is not met, then a person falls into bid’ah.
The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever adds anything to this matter of ours (our religion) will have it rejected. “ (Bukhari)
Every act of worship we do will have two registers opened on its behalf.
The first register will address the issue of: WHY?
Why did we perform that action? Was it out of habit? Was it out of the desire to show off? Or was it done sincerely for Allah?
The second register will address: HOW?
How did we perform this act? Did our act conform to the teachings of our beloved Muhammad (SAS)? Or did it oppose the sunnah?
For every act we do, we should always remember these two basic components: WHY and HOW. (Adapted from the works of Ibnul Qayyim)
Worldly actions on the other hand, are not rewarded or punished unless of course it is a sin like drinking alcohol. For example, there is no merit to drinking Pepsi instead of Coke. You are neither punished nor rewarded for either.
In Islam, worldly actions can become spiritual actions with only one condition, that of sincerity. However, if a worldly action is not done for the sake of Allah it is not shirk. There is no shirk or bid’ah in worldly actions.
“And whatever you spend is an act of charity for you, even the bite of food that you raise to the mouth of your wife.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari)
“I seek reward in my sleep as I seek reward in my standing for prayer.” (Mu’aadh ibn Jabal- Reported by Al-Bukhari)
•Knowledge by Bin Baz •Adorning Knowledge with Actions – Husain al-’Awayishah
•Etiquettes of Seeking Knowledge – Bakr Abu Zayd
•Tree of Faith – AbdurRahman as-Sa’di
“I did not create the jinns and the humans except to worship Me alone.” (Adh-Dhaariyaat, 51:56)
This is the most explicit verse in the Quran about the purpose of our creation.
Reason for Sending Prophets
“And We sent no Messenger before you but We revealed to him: There is no true god but I; so worship Me alone.” (Al-Anbiyaa’, 21:25)
And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah).” Then of them were some whom Allah guided and of them were some upon whom the straying was justified. So travel through the land and see what was the end of those who denied (the truth). (16:36)
Reason for Revealing Books
“He sends down the angels with revelation by His command on whosoever of His servants He pleases, saying: Warn people that there is no true god but I, so take Me alone for your protector.” (An-Nahl, 16:2)
Every prophet and messenger received wahy which is the basis of a book. Sometimes it was written down, sometimes not. It is the inspiration they received. Many other books were written down, even though we are most familiar with the 4 famous ones.
Differentiates between Muslim and Kaafir
“It is He Who has created you, but some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers, and Allah sees what you do.” (At-Taghaabun, 64:2)
Following Tawheed is a Cause of Peace and Contentment in this Life and in the Hereafter.
“Those who believe and whose hearts find comfort in the remembrance of Allah; surely, it is the remembrance of Allah that hearts can find comfort.” (Ar-Ra’d, 13:28)
First Call that we have been Commanded to Do
“O mankind! Worship your Lord Who created you and those before you, that you may guard against evil.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:21)
This is the first commandment that occurs in the Quran.
The Messenger (saw) said to Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, when he (saw) sent him to Yemen: “So let the first thing you call them to, be the testimony that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah.” And in another narration: “…that they worship Allah alone.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)
Right of Allah Over Us
The Prophet (saw) said, “O Mu’aadh! Do you know what Allah’s Right upon His slaves is?” I said, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “To worship Him (Allah) Alone and to join none in worship with Him (Allah). Do you know what their right upon Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “Not to punish them (if they do so).” (Related by Al-Bukhari: Vol.9, Bk. 93, No.470)
Cause for Entrance into Paradise
“…..I bear witness that Allah is the only god worthy of worship and that I am His Messenger. No servant shall meet Allah with these two (testimonies) with no doubt regarding them, but he shall enter Paradise.” (Muslim: See Sharh An-Nawawi 1/224)
Forgives All Sins; Prevents Fire of Hell
“A man who never did any good deed, said that if he died, his family should burn him and throw half the ashes of his burnt body in the earth and the other half in the sea, for by Allah, if Allah should get hold of him, He would inflict such punishment on him as He would not inflict on anybody among the people. But Allah ordered the sea to collect what was in it (of his ashes) and similarly ordered the earth to collect what was in it (of his ashes). Then Allah said (to the recreated man), ‘Why did you do so?’ The man replied, ‘For being afraid of You, as You know. ‘So Allah forgave him.” (Al-Bukhari:Vol. 9, Book 93, No. 597)
Abdullaah bin ‘Amr reported that the Messenger of Allah said: “A man will be brought along to the balances on the Day of Resurrection, and there will be brought out for him ninety nine scrolls, every scroll of them stretching when unrolled) as far as an eye can reach, in which are written his sins and his guilty acts, and they will be put in one pan of the Balances. Then a small card will be brought out on which is written the Testimony of Faith: There is no true god except Allah, and Muhammad is His slave and Messenger, which will be put in the other pan and it will outweigh all his wrongdoing.” (Ibn Maajah)
This happened for one person, and it only happened to him. It will not automatically happen for everyone. Something about his shahadah outweighed that of some others.
Dangers of Its Opposite (Shirk)
“Surely, Allah will not forgive that a partner be associated with Him; but He will forgive whatever is short of that to whomsoever He pleases. And whoso associates partners with Allah has indeed devised a very great sin.” (An-Nisaa, 4:48)
“As to those who believe and work righteous deeds, they have the Gardens of Paradise (Firdaws) as their abode.”(Al-Kahf, 18:107)
Protection from Fire
Anas ibn Maalik (ra) narrates that the Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever says Laa ilaaha illAllah while having a grain’s worth of goodness (or faith) in his heart shall be taken out of the Hellfire….” (Al-Bukhari 13/394 and Muslim 3/59)
Abu Sa’eed AlKhudree said that the Prophet (saw) said that the people of Jannah will enter Jannah and the people of Hellfire will enter the Hellfire. Then Allah (SWT) will say: Come out, whoever among you has a mustard seed’s weight of faith…..” (Bukhari- See Al-Fath 1/72 and Muslim- See An-Nawawi 3/36)
A Bedouin came to the Prophet (saw) and said, “Tell me of such a deed as will make me enter Paradise, if I do it.” The Prophet (saw) said, “Worship Allah, and worship none along with Him, offer the (five) prescribed compulsory prayers perfectly, pay the compulsory Zakat, and fast the month of Ramadan.” The Bedouin said, “By Him, in Whose Hands my life is, I will not do more than this.” When he (the Bedouin) left, the Prophet said, “Whoever likes to see a man of Paradise, then he may look at this man.” (Bukhari)
Key to Having other Deeds Accepted
“And whoever desires the hereafter and strives for it as he ought to strive and he is a believer; (as for) these, their striving shall surely be accepted.”(Al-Israa’, 17:19)
Means of Forgiveness for Sins
“Except those who repent, and believe and do righteous deeds, for as to these, Allah will convert their evil deeds into good ones, and Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful.” (Al-Furqaan, 25:70)
Achieving the Protection of Allah.
“Verily, Allah’s awliyaa’ have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.” (Younus, 10: 62)
Allah will Fight on His Behalf
“Surely Allah will defend those who believe.” (Al-Hajj, 22:38)
Allah will Guide Him
“Surely (as for) those who believe and do good, their Lord will guide them by their faith” (Younus, 10:9)
Protection and Comfort for the Believers
“Those to whom the people said: Surely men have gathered against you, therefore fear them, but this increased their faith, and they said: Allah is sufficient for us and most excellent is the Protector.” (Aali ‘Imraan, 3:173)
Good Always Occurs to Him
“Amazing is the situation of the Mu’min; his affairs are always good, and this is for no one but the Mu’min. If something good happens to him he is thankful, and that is good for him. And if hardship befalls him he is patient, and that, too, is good for him.” (Muslim)
A real mu’min can never suffer from depression. A mu’min will realize what befalls him is from his Lord, and that his Lord will not try him with anything he cannot bear.
Exit/Escape from Sorrows and Problems
“And he who has taqwaa of Allah; He will create an exit for him.” (At-Talaaq, 65:2)
Raised in Status in this Life and in Hereafter
“Allah will exalt those who believe among you, and those who have knowledge, to high ranks.” (Al-Mujaadilah, 58:11)
Protection from Falling into Evil
“The fornicator does not fornicate while he is a believer at the time he fornicates, and a thief does not steal while he is a believer at the time he steals, and one does not drink wine while he is a believer at the time that he is drinking it.” (AlBukhari- See Al-Fath 12/58-59 and Muslim-See An-Nawawi 2/42)
“Anyone who works righteousness, male or female, while believing, We will surely grant them a happy life in this world.” (An-Nahl, 16:97)
Angels Give Believers Good Tidings
“As for those who say, `Our Lord is Allah;’ and then remain steadfast, the angels descend on them, reassuring them: Fear not, nor grieve; and rejoice in the glad tidings of the Garden which you were promised.” (Fussilat, 41:30)
Rulership on Earth
“Allah has promised to those of you who believe and do good that He will most certainly make them rulers in the earth as He made rulers those before them, and that He will most certainly establish for them their religion which He has chosen for them, and that He will most certainly, after their fear, give them security in exchange. They serve Me. They ascribe no thing as partner unto Me. Those who disbelieve after this, it is they who are the wicked.”(An-Noor, 24: 55)
“Surely, all believers are brothers.” (Al-Hujuraat, 49:10)
Love Written for Him on Earth
“When Allah loves a slave, He says to Jibreel, ‘I love so-and-so, so love him,’ so Jibreel loves him and then calls out to the inhabitants of the heavens, ‘Allah loves so-and-so, so love him,’ and the inhabitants of the heavens love him, and then acceptance is placed in the Earth for him.” (Al-Bukhari/3209)
Benefits from Advice
“And continue to remind, for surely the reminder profits the believers.” (Adh-Dhaariyaat, 51:55)
The emaan brings about appreciation of advice. A person without emaan will react in a hostile manner to advice, but a person with emaan will accept it and benefit from it.
Given Light on Day of Judgement
“The day will come when you see the believing men and women with their lights radiating ahead of them and to their right.” (Al-Hadeed, 57:12)
Believers will Look at Allah
“For those who do good is the best (reward), and more (than this).” (Younus, 10: 26)
Those without emaan will be deprived from this blessing,
“Nay! Surely, they (evil-doers) will be veiled from seeing their Lord that Day.” (Mutaffiffeen:15).
The Prophet (saw) said, “when a person does good deeds and feels good, and does a sin and feels bad, then he is a mu’min.”
Importance of Aqeedah
See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high). Giving its fruit at all times, by the Leave of its Lord and Allah sets forth parables for mankind in order that they may remember. [14:24-25]
This tree is a parable of life itself.
Just as the tree is the building block of life, emaan is the building block of spiritual life.
The roots are firm. This shows that it is strong and powerful. It cannot be moved or shaken. In the same way, emaan must be firm in a person’s heart. A person must have a firm foundation and stability with the roots of tawheed.
The branches reach up to Allah and towards jannah. They cover up everything else and cannot be covered. In the same way, emaan cannot be covered up. Nothing can conceal this tree that reaches all the way to the sky. This means when you have emaan, you will see it manifested in your actions.
A tree like this is a landmark that people look to, take direction from, and take inspiration from. A person with emaan becomes the anchor of the community, and people will look to him for an example.
The tree of emaan gives you comfort like shade and fruit. There is no tree on the face of this earth that is fruitful at all times, except the tree of emaan. It can nourish you at any time or place. Only the tree of emaan gives different types of fruits. The fruits also replenish themselves all year, in the same way that emaan needs to be constantly replenished.
This parable shows us the importance of having the correct theology of our beliefs. When we establish that firm root, we bear the fruit.
It is the parable of La Ilaha illallah: the Goodly Word. Whoever plants la ilaha illallah in his heart and nurtures it, the fruits it will bear him are no less than entrance into Gardens as vast as the Heavens and the Earth.
The roots of Eemaan are so deep, that once true faith enters one’s heart it will remain there forever.
Heraclius said to Abu Sufyan in the famous hadith from Sahih al-Bukhari, “I asked you whether his followers were increasing or decreasing. You replied that they were increasing, and in fact this is the way of true faith, till it is complete in all respects. I further asked you whether there was anybody, who, after embracing his religion, became displeased and discarded his religion. Your reply was in the negative, and in fact this is (the sign of) true faith, when its delight enters the hearts and mixes with them completely.”