Category Archives: IX – Kufr
a – Types of Kufr – ibn Katheer
b – Making Fun of Parts of the Sunnah
Making fun of anything religious
“The Jews said: ‘Allah’s hand is tied up.’ Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter.” (3:181) In this ayah they were almost ridiculing or mocking Allah.
When you make fun of any commandment of Allah, you are making fun of the One giving the commandment
Making fun of Muslims is evil and bad (ayah perhaps they’re better than you). It is haram to crack jokes at other Muslims. To make fun of Islamic things is kufr. It is not a characteristic of the Muslims to do this.
In Tabuk some of the people said “we have never seen anyone more eager for booty, cowardly in battle.” One sahabah heard and said you have lied O enemies of Allah. He rushed forth to the Prophet (saw) to inform him of what they had said. Before he got there the Quran had already been revealed about them.
“If you ask them, they would say, ‘We were only mocking and kidding.’ Say, ‘Do you realize that you are mocking Allah, and His revelations, and His messenger? Do not apologize (give excuses). You have disbelieved after having believed. If we pardon some of you, we will punish others among you, as a consequence of their wickedness.” (At-Tawbah, 9:64 onwards)
Hating or Knowingly Rejecting Sunnah
This is NOT the same as finding something difficult to implement, but it is to actually hate a part of the Shari’ah. “Fighting is prescribed for you, even though you dislike it.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:216)
There is a difference between disobedience due to following desires (a sin) and another to outright reject something.
“No believing man or believing woman, if Allah and His messenger issue any command, has any choice regarding that command.” (Al-Ahzaab, 33:36)
“Do you then believe in a part of the Book and disbelieve in the other?” (Al-Baqarah, 2: 85)
“O you who believe! Enter into Islaam completely.” (Al-Baqarah, 2:208)
Believing that a person besides the Prophet (saw) has the right to be obeyed in all circumstances even if it means disobeying Allah.
‘Adi bin Hatim narrated that the Prophet (saw) said,“Oh ‘Adee, throw this idol off your neck” and I heard him recite from Soorat Baraa’ah ‘They have taken their priests and their monks for lords besides Allah.’ (At-Tawbah, 9:31)
He said, “They did not worship them, but if they made something halaal for them they considered it halaal, and if they made something haraam for them they considered it haraam.” (Reported by At-Tirmidhi).
One example is homosexuality which is being made halal in Christianity and Judaism. The majority of people accept it. The Old Testament is stricter about this issue than the Quran.
Legistating by other than Allah’s law
Two aspects to differentiate between:
· Judging by other than Allah’s Law· Believing that any guidance is better than or equivalent to the guidance that the Prophet (saw) came with (or even believing that it is a permissible form of guidance)
To believe the shari’ah is inadequate or backward is kufr.
Only Allah has the total right to legislate. Both Ruboobiyyah and Uloohiyyah belong to Allah.
“And in whatever thing you disagree, the judgment thereof is (in) Allah’s (hand); that is Allah, my Lord, on Him do I rely and to Him do I turn time after time.” (Ash-Shooraa, 42:10)
“Judgment belongs with Allah alone.” (Al-An’aam, 6:57)
“You do not worship besides Him but names which you have named, you and your fathers; Allah has not sent down any authority for them; judgment is only Allah’s; He has ruled that you shall not worship except Him. This is the perfect religion, but most people do not know.” (Yusuf, 12:40)
Law of Allah is a Complete Code of Life
“Does man think that he will be left uncontrolled, (without purpose)?” (Al-Qiyaamah, 75:36)
“Does He not know, Who created? And He is the Knower of the subtleties, the Aware.” (Al-Mulk, 67:14)
Secularizing or Compartmentalizing Islam – “Then do you believe in a part of the Scripture and reject the rest?” (2:85) This is a problem that never existed before modern times.
The laws of Allah transcend time and place.
Judging by other than Allah’s law
“We have sent down the Torah, containing guidance and light. Ruling in accordance with it were the Jewish prophets, as well as the rabbis and the monks, as dictated to them in Allah’s scripture, and as witnessed by them. Therefore, do not reverence human beings; you shall reverence Me instead. And do not trade away My revelations for a cheap price. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the disbelievers. And we decreed for them in it that: the life for the life, the eye for the eye, the nose for the nose, the ear for the ear, the tooth for the tooth, and an equivalent injury for any injury. If one forfeits what is due to him as a charity, it will atone for his sins. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the unjust. Subsequent to them, we sent Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the previous scripture, the Torah. We gave him the Gospel, containing guidance and light, and confirming the previous scriptures, the Torah, and augmenting its guidance and light, and to enlighten the righteous. The people of the Gospel shall rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations therein. Those who do not rule in accordance with Allah’s revelations are the wicked.” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:44-47)
All laws divided into either Islaamic or Jaahiliy
“Is it then the judgment of Jaahiliyyah that they desire? And who is better than Allah to judge for a people who are sure?” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:50)
Considering Non-Muslims to be Muslims
Pereniallism is believing all religions are ok.
No religion ever came and said that all religions are ok. This is a new innovation becoming prevalent in our times. This contradicts what Allah (swt) says:
The only religion in the sight of Allah is Islam:
“Truly, the religion with Allah is Islam. Those who were given the Scripture (Jews and Christians) did not differ except, out of mutual jealousy, after knowledge had come to them. And whoever disbelieves in the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, then surely, Allah is Swift in calling to account.” (3:19)
“And whoever desires a religion other than Islaam, it shall not be accepted from him, and in the hereafter he shall be one of the losers.” (Aali ‘Imraan, 3:85)
“To you is your religion, and to me is my religion.” (Al-Kaafiroon, 109:6)
“Today, I have completed your religion, perfected My blessing upon you, and I have decreed Al-Islaam as the religion for you.” (Al-Maai’dah, 5:3)
“Some of you are disbelievers and some of you are believers.”(At-Taghaabun, 64:2)
One misunderstood verse
“Verily! Those who believe and those who are Jews and Christians, and Sabians, whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and do righteous good deeds shall have their reward with their Lord, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” (2:62)
This is responded to by the ayah,
“Indeed, they are disbelievers who say: Allaah is Christ the son of Mary… They do disbeleive who say: Allaah is one of three in a Trinity..” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:72-73)
Then Allah (swt) describes the true disbelievers as being those who make distinction between the Prophets.
“Surely, those who disbelieve in Allaah and His Messengers and seek to make a distinction between Allaah and His Messengers, and say, `We believe in some and disbelieve in others,’ and seek to take a way between; these are the real disbelievers and we have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:150-151)
Verily, those who disbelieve (in the religion of Islam, the Quran and Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)) from among the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) and Al-Mushrikun will abide in the Fire of Hell. They are the worst of creatures. (98:6)
Regarding the ayah quoted earlier, 2:62 – those who believe and the Christians *of their times*, and the Jews of their times. The other meaning is those who believe – by converting to Islam.
“I swear by Him in Whose hand is Muhammad’s soul, there is none from among the Jews and the Christians (as of my prophethood) who hears about me and then dies without believing in the message with which I have been sent, but that he will be among the dwellers of the Fire.” (Muslim)
We believe in religious exclusivity, and this concept is not exclusive to Muslims. The average person from other religions believe the same thing. Just like Christians say you must believe Jesus otherwise you will not be saved.
To claim other religions are ok, then it is like saying there was no reason for the Prophet (saw) to be sent – since the other religions are rightly guided. Our belief in religious exclusivity does not affect the way in which we interact with those from other faiths.
“Allah does not forbid you to deal justly and kindly with those who fought not against you on account of religion and did not drive you out of your homes. Verily, Allah loves those who deal with equity. It is only as regards those who fought against you on account of religion, and have driven you out of your homes, and helped to drive you out, that Allah forbids you to befriend them. And whosoever will befriend them, then such are the Zalimun (wrong-doers those who disobey Allah). (58:8-9).
Kufr has many manifestations, anything going against the fundamentals of Islam is a manifestation of kufr.
Nifaq comes from the root nafiqaa, which is an escape hole that the jerboa (desert animal) builds. It is as if the person secretly escaped from Islam.
Major nifaq is for a person to pretend to be a Muslim while he is not.
“Verily, the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths (grade) of the Fire; no helper will you find for them.” (4:145)
Minor nifaq is the acts which typically hypocrites do. ‘To perform a permissible act while concealing its opposite.’
Break one’s trust
Break a promise
Use foul language in an argument
Show off good deeds
Not caring about striving in Allah’s path
Making fun of the beard or clothes whose length etc. is in accordance with the Sunnah or other aspects of the Sunnah makes a person a kaafir, if he knows that this was proven from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), because he is thereby making fun of the words and actions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). In this case he is opposing the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and making fun of his Sunnah, and the one who makes fun of the Sunnah and knowingly mocks things that are proven to be part of the Sunnah is not a Muslim.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
“Say: ‘Was it at Allaah, and His Ayaat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and His Messenger that you were mocking?’
Make no excuse; you disbelieved after you had believed”
If a person is called to observe one of the rulings of Islam and says that piety is in the heart but he does not follow the shar’i ruling, he is an evil liar. For faith includes both words and deeds, it is not simply the matter of what is in the heart. This view is the same as that of the evil innovators of the Murji’ah who restricted faith to the heart and said that it had nothing to do with outward actions. Moreover, if the heart is sound and filled with faith, that will be manifested in a person’s actions. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “In the body there is a piece of flesh which, if it is sound, the entire body will be sound, and if it is corrupt, the entire body will be corrupt. Indeed it is the heart.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 52; Muslim, 1599). And he also said: “Allaah does not look at the outward appearance or wealth of any one of you; rather he looks at your hearts and deeds.” (Narrated by Muslim, 2564).
Whatever the case, these words of those who stubbornly refuse to follow the truth and carry out the commands of Islam is a sign of their lack of faith by means of which they want to stop those who seek to call them to Islam and advise them.
Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
The following information was excerpted from the appendices to the English translation of TAFSEER IBN KATHEER.The Qur’aan uses the word Kufr to denote people who cover up or hide realities. The Qur’aan uses this word to identify those who denied Allaah’s favors by not accepting His Dominion and Authority. Kufr thus is an antonym for Iman or disbelief in Allaah and a Kaafir is a non-believer. This type of Kufr is called AL-KUFR UL AKBAR or major kufr. There are many types of Al-Kufr ul Akbar:
1. Kufrul-’Inaad: Disbelief out of stubborness. This applies to someone who knows the truth and admits to knowing the truth and admits to knowing it with his tongue, but refuses to accept it and refrains from making a declaration. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Throw into Hell every stubborn disbeliever [Soorah Qaaf (50), Ayah 24]
2. Kufrul-Inkaar: Disbelief out of denial. This applies to someone who denies with both heart and tongue. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: They recognize the favors of Allaah, yet they deny them. Most of them are disbelievers. [Soorah Nahl (16), Ayah 83]
3. Kufrul-Kibr: Disbelief out of arrogance and pride. The disbelief by the devils (Iblees) is an example of this type of Kufr.
4. Kufrul-Juhood: Disbelief out of rejection.This applies to someone who aknowledges the truth in his heart, but rejects it with his tongue. This types of kufr is applicable to those who calls themselves Muslims but who reject any necessary and accepted norms of Islam such as Salaat and Zakat. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: They denied them (OUR SIGNS) even though their hearts believed in them , out of spite and arrogance. [Soorah Naml (27), Ayah 14]
5. Kufrul-Nifaaq: Disbelief out of hypocrisy.This applies to someone who pretends to be a believer but conceals his disbelief. Such a person is called a MUNAFIQ or hypocrite. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Verily the hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of Hell. You will find no one to help them. [Soorah An Nisaa (4), Ayah 145]
6. Kufrul-Istihaal: Disbelief out of trying to make HARAM into HALAL. This applies to someone who accepts as lawful (Halal) that which Allaah has made unlawful (Haram) like alcohol or adultery.Only Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala has the prerogative to make things Halal and Haram and those who seek to interfere with His right are like rivals to Him and therefore fall outside the boundries of faith.
7. Kufrul-Kurh: Disbelief out of detesting any of Allaah’s subhanahu wa ta’ala commands. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Perdition (destruction) has been consigned to those who disbelieve and He will render their actions void. This is because they are averse to that which Allaah has revealed so He has made their actions fruitless. [Soorah Muhammed (47), Ayah 8-9]
8. Kufrul-Istihzaha: Disbelief due to mockery and derision. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Say: Was it at Allaah, His signs and His apostles that you were mocking? Make no excuses. You have disbelieved after you have believed. [Soorah Taubah (9), ayah 65-66]
9. Kufrul-I’raadh: Disbelief due to avoidance. This applies to those who turn away and avoid the truth. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: And who is more unjust than he who is reminded of his Lord’s signs but then turns away from them. Then he forgets what he has sent forward (for the Day of Judgement) [Soorah Kahf (18), Ayah 57]
10. Kufrul-Istibdaal: Disbelief because of trying to substitute Allaah’s Laws. This could take the form of:
(a) Rejection of Allaah’s law (Sharee’ah) without denying it
(b) Denial of Allaah’s law and therefore rejecting it, or
(c) Substituting Allaah’s laws with man-made laws. Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Or have they partners with Allaah who have instituted for them a religion which Allaah has not allowed. [Soorah Shuraa(42), Ayah 8] Allaah subhanahu wa ta’ala says: Say not concerning that which your tongues put forth falsely (that) is lawful and this is forbidden so as to invent a lie against Allaah. Verily, those who invent a lie against Allaah will never prosper. [Soorah Nahl (16), Ayah 116]
Kufr means to cover up something to the extent that is is destroyed. A farmer is called a kaafir for covering up the land. It can also mean to cover up the fitrah.
In Islam: Absence of emaan from a person, even if his heart believes.
Kufr can be major or minor.
Major kufr is of 5 types:
1. Kufr of denial
“And who is more unjust than he who invents a lie against God or rejects the Truth when it reaches him? Is there not a home in Hell for those who reject Faith?” (Al-‘Ankaboot, 29:68)
Examples of this include to deny Allah, to deny the Prophet (saw), or to deny the Day of Judgment.
2. Kufr of arrogance
They do not necessarily deny the truth, but refuse to submit to it.
“Not so Iblees; he refused and was haughty. He was of those who disbelieve.” (2:34)
Abu Talib, Firawn, and Heraclius are all examples. In modern times, many Orientalists may also fall into this category.
3. Kufr of doubt
This is for someone who claims that he is not sure. When you do not have certain faith of these fundamentals, then you have kufr.
“And I do not think the hour will come, and even if I am returned to my Lord I will most certainly find a returning place better than this. His companion said to him while disputing with him: Do you disbelieve in Him Who created you from dust, then from a tiny drop, then He made you a perfect man?” (Al-Kahf, 18:36-37)
The person who had doubt called a kaafir in the Quran.
4. Kufr of turning away.
Most of mankind now simply don’t care, they don’t research, they don’t think about the purpose of life or their creation. They have capability to research but don’t.
“And who does more wrong than one to whom are recited the Signs of his Lord, and who then turns away therefrom? Verily from those who transgress We shall exact (due) retribution.” (As-Sajdah, 32:22)There is a dual responsibility, we must spread islam, but they should also be trying to answer these questions.
5. Kufr of hypocrisy (nifaq).
Person outwardly claims to be Muslim but they know in their heart they are lying. This happens when Islam is in power. There were no munafiqeen in Mecca.
In this world though we are obligated to treat them as Muslims.
Any act that the Shari’ah has called kufr, but does not take one outside the fold of Islam. One meaning of kufr is extreme ingratitude. This is why kufr and shukr are often paired together.
Denying others their lineage
Denying one’s father
Wailing over dead people
One example is the hadith, that “cursing a Muslim is a sin, and fighting him is kufr.” And then in the Quran it says, “And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable” (49:9). So here even though they have committed kufr, they are still Muslim.