Category Archives: Bidaah
Scholar: Imâm Muhammad bin Sâlih bin ´Uthaymîn
Translation & video: aFatwa.com
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymîn:
I warn my Muslim brothers against what some stupid people do when they narrate april jokes. This lie have they taken from the jews, the christians, fire-worshipers (Majûs) and other disbelievers.
Not only is this act a lie, which is in itself forbidden according to the Sharî’ah, it also involves imitating the disbelievers, which is forbidden. The prophet (sallâ Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:
“Whoever imitates a people belongs to them.”
Shaykh-ul-Islâm Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullâh) said:
“Its chain of narration is good.”
The least one could say is that it is forbidden, even if it seemingly entails disbelief.
Together with these two sins, the Muslim becomes humiliated before his enemy. It is generally known that the one who is imitated boasts before the imitator and sees himself as being in front of him. The imitator thus becomes weak so that he imitates him. The believer thusly becomes degraded since he subjugates himself and follows the disbelievers.
The fourth sin is that this filthy lie is often about taking someone else’s money unjustly and scaring the Muslims. They maybe lie and tell the family that they will be having guests. As a result thereof they prepare a great meal and meat and the like. They might also lie and tell them horrifying news of a relative being run over by a car or the like. This is not allowed.
The Grand List of Common Bidahs and what contradicts the Sunnah of Nabi صلى الله عليه وسلم
Saying Iqamah in the left ear of a new born. (The sunnah is to say the azaan in the right ear alone)
Celebrating Shabe-ba’rat (15th of shaban)
Celebrating the night of ascension (mi’raj) (27thof Rajab)
Celebrating Mawlid (Birthday of the Prophet)Mourning on the 3rd, 10th, 40th and on the yearly death anniversary of the deceased
Doing tasbeeh (Subhan Allah), tahleel (la ilaha ill lal la) and tamheed (Alhamduliah) on stone, pebbles or the likes and doing so in a group.
Reciting quran for the sake of benefiting the deceased with the reward of what is recited. This includes reciting quran as group by hiring people or inviting relatives, blowing over the food after recitation, and sharing that food with people on the death anniversary of a person.
Making group dua right after the funeral prayer.
Praying four rakat before the fard of jummah prayers.Making group dua at the end of each salah. (We cannot find any reference where after each salah the Prophet would make a dua and the sahaba will repeat ameen after him. Post salah zikr and Individual duas are found in the authentic narrations)
Making group chanting of kalmiatu ikhlas at the end of each salah. (sunnah is to say Allahu Akbar, Astagfurllah x 3, and other masnoon duas, including kalima on personal basis)
Praying or supplicating to the dead, the saints, or anyone else besides Allah. (This includes slogans like Ya Ali, Ya Hussain and the likes)
Making up for missed salahs that were missed during the state of being a child or a non-muslim.
Believing in or using lucky charms, amulets, and soothsayers (najomis).
Saying out loud the intention for prayer.Making monuments on graves.
Making solid graves (through brick and stones)
Mourning the first ten days of Muharam by not having marriage ceremonies or by mourning the martyrs of Karbala.
Doing a khutbah before eid prayers.Praying eid prayers in a manner not found in the ahadith.
Believing that Allah is everywhere. (Numerous verses from the Quran and narrations from hadith clearly mention that Allah is above His throne. e-g, Surah Taha, Verse 5)
Believing that Allah is without image and is formless and/or disbelieving in His attributes. (We find certain physical attributes of Allah in Quran and Sunnah. Those physical attributes are not like anything we can compare to and are such that they suite Him accordingly. For example, we know from Quran & Sunnah that Allah has hands, eyes, shin but all of these cannot be compared to anything else that has been created.)
Believing in the sufi methodology of tarikat, abdaals, and such. (These believes have no basis in sharia. search for ‘abdal’ on wikipedia for a general understanding of this concept)
Shaking hands with the one on the left and right after finishing every salah.
Kissing thumbs upon hearing the name of the Prophet (PBUH).Visiting shrines of the saints.
Sending salam on the Prophet (PBUH) out loud and as a group after every salah, especially after salatul jummah like done by some community.
Wiping the hands on the back of the neck while doing ablution (wudu). (This practice cannot be found in the authentic ahadith)
Looking up and pointing towards the sky while reciting the shahada (testimony of faith) after. completion of wudu. (only reciting the shahada is from the sunnah).
praying salatul tasbeeh. (no authentic hadith talks about this kind of prayer)
praying nawafil on eid day before eid prayers.
Believing that there are Prophets or messengers after Muhammad (PBUH).
Believing that saints, prophets, or other people share characteristics of Allah or have special independent powers from Allah. Such as believing that saints can give life, or that they hold keys to the material treasures of heaven and earth. This includes believing that the Prophet (PBUH) had complete and absolute Knowledge of the unseen.
Belief that the Prophet was created from the Noor (light) of Allah.
Believing that the whole world and everything in it was created for Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). (Refer to Quran 51:56♦)
Believing that those who achieve the high level of righteousness through piety (like saints) no longer need to follow the guidelines of the sharia.
Exaggeration in praising of the good people.Reciting Naats (Nasheeds/Priases) of the Prophet (PBUH) by using musical instruments or techniques which resemble songs and music. This includes the field of Qawali as found abundantly ..
Learning religion for the sole purpose of earning this world.The concept of taqleed. (choosing an imam and sticking with his rulings alone in all the matters of the deen)
Separating religious matters from worldly matters like the Christian did with segregation of state and church.
Indulging in magic, soothsayers, palmists, astrologists and numerologists, whether you believe them or not.
Sending blessings on the Prophet (PBUH) out loud before making each azan.
Asking some one else to do istikahra for oneself. Paying some one to do Istikhara.
Washing the limbs more than three times during wudu (ablution).Believing that only a black sheep can be given as sadaqa (charity).
Believing that black color is associated with mourning, bad news, and sadness.
Believing that the Prophet (PBUH) is everywhere and/or that he attends certain gatherings of ‘remembrance’.
Believing that talking during making wudu (ablution) or smiling/laughing while with wudu invalidates the ablution.
Believing in the altered concept of tawassul. For example, making dua to Allah that he grants you something by the name of His Prophet (PBUH).
Note: When it comes to Bidah it is the ones who are involved in it that have to prove its authenticity from Quran or Sunnah, not the other way around. But if some persists, then my proof for classifying all the above as bidah is that we do not find any reference to these actions in the Quran or authentic sunnah.
If there is any error in the above list, then it is from me and the shaytaan. Please point out any errors and i will fix them inshalah. If i have left something out, please inform me so i may include it in the list. I ask Allah for forgiveness for the mistakes and sins that i know and for those that i do not know. And i ask Allah for guidance, mercy, faith, and compassion for myself and for the ummah of Muhammad (peace be upon him)
Do not learn from ahlul bidah even in affairs other than Aqeedah—not even the Arabic language
Do not go near Ahlul Bidah
If you attend their lessons, a person may be deceived by you, saying: There is no harm in attending their lessons…
Listen to audio here:
(Part No. 24; Page No. 410)171-
Ruling on saying “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” on finishing the recitation of the Qur’anQ:
I often hear that saying, “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim (True are the Words of Allah, the Ever-Great)” after finishing the recitation of Qur’an is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). But some people told me that it is permissible and they quoted as evidence the Ayah: Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Allâh has spoken the truth; follow the religion of Ibrâhîm (Abraham) Hanîfa (Islâmic Monotheism, i.e. he used to worship Allâh Alone) I was also informed by some scholars that when the Prophet (peace be upon him) wanted to stop a reciter he would tell them: “This is sufficient” and that he did not say, “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim.” My question is: Is it permissible to say, “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” on finishing the recitation of the Qur’an? I hope you would explain this to me.
A: People have been accustomed to say: “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” when they finish reciting the Qur’an, but this act is baseless and it should not be taken as a custom. According to the principles of Shari`ah (Islamic law), it is a form of Bid`ah, if a person believes that it is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet). Thus, it should be quitted and not be adopted as a custom for lack of evidence.
As regards the Saying of Allah (Exalted be He): Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Allâh has spoken the truthThis is irrelevant to the issue at hand.(Part No. 24; Page No. 411)Rather, Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) was commanding the Prophet (peace be upon him) to clarify to them that He has spoken the Truth in His Great Books such as the Tawrah (Torah) and the like, and has spoken the Truth to His Servants in His Glorious Book “the Qur’an”. This does not constitute evidence that it is Mustahab (desirable) to say, “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” after reciting any parts or Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) or Surahs (Qur’anic Chapter) of the Qur’an, for this has not been authentically reported or known from either the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of his Sahabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allah be pleased with them).
When Ibn Mas`ud recited to the Prophet (pRuling on saying “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” on finishing the recitation of the Qur’an- Ibn Baazeace be upon him) from the beginning of Surah Al-Nisa’ until he reached His Saying (Exalted be He): How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) as a witness against these people?
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said to him, ‘This is sufficient.’Ibn Mas`ud said: ‘I turned to him and saw his eyes filled with tears.’ The Prophet (peace be upon him) was weeping in awe of this great status on the Day of Resurrection mentioned in this Ayah, where Allah (Glorified be He) says: How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) i.e., O Muhammad …as a witness against these people meaning against his Ummah (nation based on one creed), may peace be upon him. As far as we know, no scholar ever stated that Ibn Mas`ud (may Allah be pleased with him) said(Part No. 24; Page No. 412)”Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim” after the Prophet (peace be upon him) told him, “This is sufficient.” The point is that there is no basis in the Shari`ah for concluding the recitation of the Qur’an by saying, “Sadaqa Allah-ul-`Azhim.” But, if a person does that sometimes, for important reasons, there is nothing wrong in that.
[There are] some ignorant pilgrims (Hujjaaj) who come to Maktabah Makkah and they rub and touch its walls, and they seek blessings (Barakah) from it citing as proof that it is the birthplace of the Prophet (sallAllaahu ýalayhi wa sallam). So what is the ruling upon their action? And what is our duty regarding them?
This is from the general principle and [known] from the general and the specific evidences: that it is not allowed to seek blessings (at-Tabarruk) from buildings, stones, trees, houses and other than that. But rather al-Barakah (blessing) is only sought from Allaah the Majestic and the Most High. For indeed blessing is from Him and He is the One Who bestows the blessing and therefore al-Barakah is requested from Him alone and sought from Him the Most Perfect and the Most High.
He the Most Perfect and the Most High did not place al-Barakah in a place named Daar al-Mawlid! Who said this? Did the Messenger (sallAllaahu ýalayhi wa sallam) go to this house or did the Sahabah go to this house? Did the Salaf as-Saalih and the Scholars up until the contemporary times go to it? Rather this house was never even mentioned and it only became known recently…and even if it was confirmed that it is the house where the Messenger of Allaah was born; then it is like any other house and does not possess any unique excellence except when supported by evidence from the Book and the Sunnah.
1 [Translators Note] – Maktabah Makkah is a small library situated next to the Masjid al-Haram near Mount Marwa in Ghazzah, Makkah.
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
‘Aqeedatul-Haaj Fee dawil-Kitaab was-Sunnah, p26. Translated by Abu ‘Abdillaah al-Kashmiree
Pursuing the Monuments of Prophets : People try to get closer to Allah through means that drive them further from Allah – Ibn Baaz Fatwas
It was authentically reported from Amir Al-Mu’minin (Commander of the Believers) `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) that he condemned pursuing the monuments of prophets and ordered that the tree under which the Bay`ah of Al-Hudaybiyah took place be cut, when he learned that some people began going there. This was meant to protect Tawhid (belief in the Oneness of Allah) and eliminate the means leading to Shirk, Bid`ah and superstitions related to Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic time of ignorance).
Below is some of what was mentioned by some scholars in this regard, so that you will be well informed about this matter.
Imam Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Al-Walid Al-Tartushy said in his book ‘Al-Hawadith wal-Bida`’, a chapter entitled ‘A Chapter on Forms of Bid`ah’, p. 135, “Al-Ma`rur ibn Suwayd said, ‘When we went to perform Hajj with `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him), we saw a Masjid (mosque) on the way, so people began offering Salah (Prayer) in it.’ `Umar said, “O, people! Those who were before you perished because of honoring such sites, until they took them as places of worship. If one arrives there at the time of Salah, one should offer Salah there; otherwise they should leave.’”
On p. 141, he said on the authority of Muhammad ibn Waddah that `Umar ibn Al-Khattab ordered that the tree under which the Prophet (peace be upon him) was given the Bay`ah be cut, because people began to visit it and `Umar feared that they might be misled.
Ibn Waddahsaid: “Malik and other scholars of Al-Madinah hated going to the Masjids and Islamic monuments in Al-Madinah except Quba’ and Uhud. Sufyan entered Al-Aqsa Mosque and offered Salah there, but he did not inquire about those monuments or offer Salah there; and others who imitated him did the same.”
Ibn Waddah then said: “How many matters are now considered acceptable by many people that were once considered Munkar. People try to get closer to Allah through means that drive them further from Allah.”
Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (may Allah be merciful to him) said in his book ‘Majmu` Al-Fatawa‘, Vol. 26, P. 133:
“As for climbing Mount Al-Rahmah (at `Arafah) it is neither an act of Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) nor Mustahab (desirable).
Nor is it Mustahab to enter the dome above it, called the Dome of Adam, to offer Salah there, or circumambulate it, as this is one of the major sins.
It is neither Mustahab to enter the Masjids at the place of Jamarat (stone pillars at which pebbles are thrown during Hajj) or offer Salah there. Circumambulation around them, the Stone, the room of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or anything other than the Ka`bah is a grave Bid`ah.”
He also said on p. 144 of the same section,
“As for visiting the Masjids that were built in Makkah other than Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), such as the one by the foot of Al-Safa, the one by the foot of Abu Qubays,and such Masjids that were built at the sites of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahabah, such as Masjid Al-Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) and others, it is neither a Sunnah to visit these places, nor was it preferable by any of the Imams.
It is only permissible to visit Al-Masjid Al-Haram in particular, and the sacred ritual places, such as `Arafah, Muzdalifah, Mina, Al-Safa and Al-Marwah. However, visiting the mountains and areas around Makkah other than `Arafah, Muzdalifah and Mina, such as Hira’ Mountain, the mountain at Mina where it is claimed that there was the sacrifice dome and such places. It is not a Sunnah related to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), but rather a Bid`ah.
The same applies to the Masjids built at the sites said to be monuments. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not permit visiting any of these.”
In vol. 27, p. 134, of the same book, he also said:
“Some people might ask whether it is permissible to glorify a place where there is worn-out things and saffron as the Prophet (peace be upon him) was seen there. Glorification of such places and turning them into Masjids is an imitation of the People of the Book whom we are prohibited to imitate.
It was authentically reported that `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) was traveling when he saw a group of people hurrying to a place. He asked, ‘What is this?’ People replied, ‘It is a place where the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered Salah.’ He said, ‘Do you want to turn the sites of your prophet into Masjids? If the time of Salah comes while a person is there, they can offer Salah there; otherwise they should leave.’ `Umar said this in the presence of a number of Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them). It is known that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to offer Salah in many places while traveling, and the people would see him in their sleep in different places. However, the Salaf did not turn any of these into Masjids or tourist sites. If this door is opened, many of the Muslim lands will be turned into Masjids and tourist sites, as people still dream that the Prophet (peace be upon him) visits them at home. Establishing such tourist sites is a loathed Bid`ah. Allah has not ordered that the places of prophets be turned into a Musalla (a place for Prayer) except Maqam Ibrahim (the Station of Ibrahim) in His statement: And take you (people) the Maqâm (place) of Ibrâhîm (Abraham) [or the stone on which Ibrâhîm (Abraham) عليه السلام stood while he was building the Ka‘bah] as a place of prayer (for some of your prayers, e.g. Two Rak‘at after the Tawâf of the Ka‘bahat Makkah)
He has neither ordered that a stone be touched and kissed except Al-Hajar Al-Aswad (the Black Stone in a corner of the Ka`bah), or Salah be directed to a building other than Al-Bayt-ul-Haram (the Sacred House, another name for the Ka`bah). According to the Ijma` (consensus) of the Muslims, it is impermissible to make analogies in this matter. It is tantamount to asking the people to perform Hajj to a place other than Al-Bayt-ul-`Atiq or observe Sawm (fasting) in a month other than Ramadan, and so on.”
He then said:
“The rest of the issues have been definitely answered. If a person offers Salah or recites Du`a’ (supplication) intentionally at the place of a prophet’s footprints or site; the grave of a Sahaby (Companion of the Prophet), a sheikh, or one of Ahl-ul-Bayt (members of the Prophet’s extended Muslim family), a tower or a cave, this is a rejected Bid`ah in Islam, as neither the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) nor the early generation of Muslims or those who followed them in righteousness did so. Not one of the Muslim Imams preferred it; rather, it is a means leading to Shirk.” There is elaboration on this elsewhere.
He then said on p. 500 in the same section,
“After Islam, none of the Sahabah used to go to Hira’ Cave on purpose. It is impermissible for us to seek the caves of mountains or sit in seclusion there…As for sitting in seclusion in caves and traveling for a mountain to seek blessings, such as Al-Tur Mountain, Mount Hira’, Mount Thawr and others, it is impermissible for us. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Do not set out on a journey except to three Masjids: Al-Masjid Al-Haram, this mosque of mine (the Prophet’s Mosque), and Al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem).
End of quote.
Ibn Al-Qayyim (may Allah be merciful to him) wrote on p. 204 of his book Ighathat Al-Lahfan min Masa’id Al-Shaytan, after warning against visiting graves to seek blessings in them and recite Du`a’ there:
“The Sahabah disapproved of things much more trivial than this. Many people narrated from Al-Ma’rur ibn Suwayd that he offered Fajr (Dawn) Prayer with `Umar ibn Al-Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) on the way to Makkah, and then people began spreading everywhere. He asked, ‘Where are these people going?’ It was said, ‘O Amir Al-Mu’minin, they go to offer Salah in a Masjid where the Prophet (peace be upon him) offered Salah.’ He said, ‘Those who were before you perished because of this; they used to follow the traces of their prophets and turn them into places of `Ibadah. If the time of Salah comes while you are in such places, offer Salah there; otherwise you should leave, and do not go there intentionally.’ `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) also uprooted the tree under which the Sahabah made the Bay`ah to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him).”
End of quote.
Scholars stated much about this issue. We hope that what we have already mentioned is enough and convincing for those who seek the truth. Having known the previously mentioned pieces of evidence from Shari`ah and the opinions of scholars on this issue, you would know that the call of the writer for glorifying Islamic monuments, such as Thawr Cave, the place where Al-Rudwan Bay`ah took place and others; reconstructing what was demolished of them; paving roads leading to them; making elevators or cable cars for high places such as the two mentioned caves; turning them into tourist sites; erecting signs to them; and appointing tourist guides for the visitors is all contrary to Islamic Shari`ah, which provides for achieving and boosting interests, and preventing and curbing evil, as well as blocking the means leading to Shirk and Bid`ah. You would also know that we should prevent Bid`ah and the means leading to Shirk, even if those who call for them have good intentions, as they lead to great evil, change the rites of Islam, and create new places and forms of `Ibadah that were not prescribed by Allah or His Messenger (peace be upon him). Allah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states: This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islâm as your religion.
Anything that was not prescribed in the era of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and his Sahabah (may Allah be pleased with them) cannot be made permissible later. If this door is opened, Islam will be misrepresented and innovated ideas will enter it. Muslims will thus become like the Jews and the Christians in their manipulating their faiths and changing them according to their whims and desires. That is why Imam Malik ibn Anas, the Imam of Madinah (may Allah be merciful to him), made a great statement that all the scholars agreed upon, saying: “The last generations of this Ummah (nation) will not succeeded except when they resort to what made the former followers succeed.” He meant that what brought success to the first generation was adherence to the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), following their rules and avoiding what contradicts them. The last generations of this Ummah will not succeed unless they resort to what made the former generations succeed. He (may Allah be merciful to him) has spoken the truth. When people corrupted their faith, created Bid`ah and founded new ways, they divided into different sects, became confused with every sect rejoicing in what they had. Their enemies attacked them, taking advantage of discrepancy among them, weakness of faith, difference in intentions, and fanaticism of every sect to their misleading ways and Bid`ah, until the conditions of the Muslims have reached the current weakness and many nations have attacked them. All Muslims should return to their correct faith adhering to its just rules, learning from the original sources of the Qur’an and the authentic Sunnah, and advising each other accordingly. We must cooperate to achieve this in all fields, whether legislative, economic, political, social or others; and avoid anything that contradicts it or leads to ambiguity. In this manner Muslims will restore their lost dignity and their previous glory, and Allah will make them triumph over their enemies and rule the world
Read the Full Fatwa of Shaykh Ibn Baaz : http://alifta.com/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?