Category Archives: Break fast

The Five Categories of People in Relation to the Suhoor and Time of the Fajr – Sheikh ibn Uthaymeen

Al-Imaam Muhammad ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy upon him) stated:

“In this matter there are five categories:

The person is sure that Fajr hasn’t appeared. As an example: The appearance of Fajr is at five o’clock and the person ate and drank at four thirty. His fast is sound.
The person is sure that Fajr has appeared. As an example the person ate at five thirty (although Fajr appeared at five). This person’s fast is invalid.
The person eats but he’s not sure whether or not Fajr has appeared. However it overwhelms his belief that Fajr hasn’t appeared. His fast is sound.
He eats and drinks and it overwhelms his belief that Fajr has appeared. His fast is not sound.
He eats and drinks wavering back and forth (as to whether Fajr has appeared or not) and there’s nothing overwhelming with him in this matter. His fast is sound.”
The Shaykh went on to say:

“Even if it becomes clear to him that Fajr had appeared already, his fast is sound based upon (the principle in Islaam of) being excused due to ignorance in this situation.”

Taken from: “ad-Durur al-Manthoor fee Ahkaam al-Iftaar was-Suhoor” pg. 76 Quoting from Imaam al-’Uthaymeen’s explanation of Zaad al-Mustaqnaa (6/408-409)

Stop eating Suhoor 10-15 minutes earlier than the time of Fajr ??

Common Bid’aah Made in Imsaak
The practice of some people is to stop eating Suhoor 10-15 minutes earlier than the time of Fajr to observe Imsaak. This is not correct because Allaah has permitted the fasting person to eat and drink until dawn comes.
Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (raheemullah) was asked about some timetables which give the time of imsaak as being approximately o­ne-quarter of an hour before Fajr. He said:”This is a kind of bid’aah (innovation) which has no basis in the Sunnah. Rather the Sunnah is to do the opposite, because Allaah says in His Holy Book (interpretation of the meaning)”:
…and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night) [al-Baqarah 2:187]

And the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Bilaal gives the adhaan at night, so eat and drink until you hear the adhaan of Ibn Umm Maktoom, for he does not give the adhaan until dawn comes.” This imsaak which some of the people do is an addition to that which Allaah has enjoined, so it is false. It is a kind of extremism in religion, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed, those who go to extremes are doomed.” Narrated by Muslim, 2670

Al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy o­n him) said: “This shows that it is permissible to eat, drink, have intercourse etc until dawn comes.”

Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said in Fath al-Baari (4/199): “One of the reprehensible innovations that have appeared in our times is giving the second adhaan approximately twenty minutes before Fajr in Ramadaan, and extinguishing the lamps which indicate that it is haraam to eat and drink for those who want to fast. Those who introduced this innovation claim that they are erring o­n the side of caution with regard to an act of worship.”

What is obligatory o­n all Muslims is that they hold o­n firmly to the Qur’an and Sunnah and follow it as closely as o­ne can. This is a safeguard for us, so that we don’t fall right or left but stay o­n the middle course. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) described the religion of Islaam that is a middle course between extreme and lenient. Remember these words of the Prophet
(صلى الله عليه وسلم): I leave behind me two things. You will never go astray if you hold fast to them: The Qur’an and my Sunnah.

O Allah! Render the thoughts and inclinations within my heart, to be Your fear and remembrance, and let my endeavour and desire be devoted to what You love and appreciate. Keep my feet firm o­n Thy Right Path so that I should not stagger, and guide me to the true Faith so that I should not go astray. Ameen!!!

Eating Suhr after Fajr / Breaking fast before Maghrib-Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saaleh Al Uthaymeen

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saaleh Al Uthaymeen may Allah have mercy upon him was asked:

“what is the ruling on the one who eats while in doubt if the sun has risen for fajr or not then after that it becomes clear to him that the sun did actually rise, and and also the one who eats thinking the sun has set then after that it becomes clear to him that the sun did not actually set?”
The noble Shaykh replied by saying:
“if one is in doubt and thinks – has the sun risen or not – then he eats and then after that it becomes clear to him that the sun already rose then it is not upon him to make up his fast; even if he is completly unsure whether it has risen or not. This is because Allah the most high says “ and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of the night)”…………

And eating in this time is permitted and there is not no sin on the one who eats in this time nor does he have to make up his fast.
As for if one eats thinking the sun has set and then it becomes clear to him after that the the sun did not actually set then it is not upon him to make up his fast upon the most correct opinion, because of the hadeeth of Asmaa bint abu Bakr: the companions opened their fast in the time of the prophet on a cloudy day and they were not orderd to make up their fast.

As for the one who eats in doubt whether the sun has set and then after that it becomes clear to him that the sun did not set then it is obligatory that he makes up his fast, beause he eate in this state, meaning in a state of doubt and it is haraam for one to eat whilst being in this state of doubt. Rather it is not permissable for him to open his fast except if he is certain that the sun has set or at least he is leaning more towards that. In this particular state, meaning if he opens his fast and he is in doubt then it becomes clear to him that the sun did not set it is waajib for him to repeat his fast because his was not permitted to open his fast in that state.

taken from the majoo alfatawa wa rasaa’il: fatwa number 263

The Mannerisms of Suhoor and The One Eating The Sahoor

Shaykh Ahmad ibn Ahmad Shamlaan (may Allaah preserve him) mentioned thirteen mannerisms that are to be observed for the one eating the Sahoor:

The Mannerisms of Suhoor and The One Eating The Sahoor

Sincerity of the intentions
Saying Bismillaah when one is about to eat, eating with the right hand and eating from that which is closer to you. Based upon the Hadeeth Umar ibn Abee Salamah.
Gathering together upon the food. Indeed in that there’s a blessing.
Not being wasteful in the meal and praising Allaah for it.
The the meal is from lawful wealth. Indeed it is stronger for the (carrying out) the act of worship. Indeed Allaah is good and He only accepts that which is good.
Having concern for the (proper) time (regarding the Suhoor)
Seeking the forgiveness and making supplication in abundance during the time of as-Sahar (last part of the night shortly before the break of dawn). For indeed it is a blessed time (period).
Give Sadaqah during that time and being diligent to be one who aids the one who has the ability to fulfill the fasting by feeding him the sahoor.
Washing the mouth good along with the usage of the Siwaak. This is in order that the traces of the food do not remain in the mouth which will cause the one fasting doubt if it was to overwhelm him and enter down his throat.
Waiting after the eating of the Sahoor for the purpose of performance of the dawn prayer. How praise worthy it is if the person was to go to the Masjid and wait for the prayer. Indeed that is stronger for him upon that (matter of praying the Fajr prayer on time). This is the case especially when many from amongst the people stay awake during the nights of Ramadaan up until the (time for) Sahoor. They eat the Sahoor then lay down. As a result of that, sleep overcomes and they miss the prayer. It’s possible that the person doesn’t get up until after the sun rise and some mid-day.
Taking the food that is suitable for the condition of the one fasting. Like eating the dates along drinking milk and that which is similar to it.
Getting the children accustomed to eating the Sahoor and fasting.
Giving precedence (to others over oneself).
Taking from “Ad-Dururul-Manthoor fee Ahkaamil-Iftaar was-Suhoor” pg. 79-80 by Shaykh Ahmad ibn Ahmad Shamlaan (may Allaah preserve him)

“I Forgot I was Fasting!?” – Answered by Imaam Ibn Baaz

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum,

Bismillah,

All praise is due to Allah, and may exaltation and safety be granted to Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who aid them. To proceed:

The great, contemporary scholar, ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Baaz [d. 1420 AH], may Allah have mercy on him was asked:

[Q]: “What is the ruling for a person who forgetfully eats or drinks during the day [in Ramadhaan]?”

Imaam Ibn Baaz, may Allah have mercy on him, answered:

There is no harm on him, and his fast is correct. This is due to Allah’s, removed is He from imperfection, statement at the end of Surah al-Baqarah: ‘Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error.’ [Surah al-Baqarah (2): 286].

And it has been authentically reported from the Messenger of Allah, may exalt his mention and grant him safety, that: “Allah, glorified is He from imperfection, said: ‘I have answered this supplication. (1)’

His fast is also correct due to what has been established on Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him; that the Prophet, may Allah exalt his mention and grant him safety, said: ‘Whoever eats and drinks forgetfully while he is fasting, let him continue and complete his fast. Allah is the one who provided him with food and drink.’ [al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]

This ruling also goes for forgetfully having intercourse. The stronger of two statements presented by the scholars is that the fast is considered correct. The proof is the aforementioned verse and the previously mentioned noble hadeeth.

Another evidence is the Messenger’s, may Allah exalt his mention and grant him safety, statement: ‘Whoever forgetfully breaks his fast during Ramadhaan, he does not have to make up that day nor is there an expiation.’ (2)

This wording is general, and it includes intercourse and other things that break one’s fast, if one were to do them forgetfully.

This is from the mercy, grace, and kind treatment of Allah. Therefore, He deserves all praise and thanks due to such favors. (3)

(1) i.e. Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error.
(2) Authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee, Jaami’ as-Saheeh, #6080.
(3) ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Baaz, Tuhfatul-Ikhwaan, 116-117

The above article was taken from Abu Adam Jameel Finch @ Embody Islam
Umm al-Quraa University, Faculty of Sharee’ah, Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
https://www.facebook.com/embodyislam

Phlegm and Fasting – Shaikh Ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen

As-Salaamu ‘Alaykum,

Bismillah,

All praise is due to Allah, and may exaltation and safety be granted to Muhammad, his family, his companions, and those who aid them. To proceed:

The esteemed Islamic jurist and scholar, Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen [d. 1420 AH], may Allah have mercy on him, delivered the following edict:

…Concerning this issue, there is another position in the Hanbali school of fiqh. It states that phlegm that reaches the mouth and is swallowed does not break the fast. And this is the most valid position.

This is because it didn’t leave one’s mouth, and swallowing is not considered eating nor drinking. So, if someone swallows it after it reaches his mouth, this action does not break his or her fast.

However, before someone swallows it, we say: ‘Don’t. Stay away from this affair,’ since the issue is one of differing.

Swallowing phlegm is not like swallowing saliva, rather, phlegm is something willingly brought to the mouth, and it is not normally present in one’s mouth. This is the distinction between it and saliva.

Thus, bringing phlegm to one’s mouth and swallowing it is more probable to break one’s fast than gathering saliva in one’s mouth and swallowing it. This is clear.

However, like we said previously, swallowing phlegm is impermissible because it contains elements of repulsiveness and harmfulness. (1)

(1) Muhammad al’Uthaymeen, Sharh al-Mumti’, 6/424

Taken from : http://embodyislam.org/2012/07/26/phlegm-and-fasting/
Abu Adam Jameel Finch
Umm al-Quraa University, Faculty of Sharee’ah
Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

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