Category Archives: Sunnah Prayer (Voluntary prayer)
From `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz to any Muslim who reads this Fatwa. May Allah guide us all and grant us the means to make sincere repentance from all sins. Amen.Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you.
“ :As you know, may Allah bestow His Mercy upon us all, that the ruler of Muslims, may Allah protect and guard him, gave directions for offering the Rain Prayer in the morning of Monday, 7 Jumadal-Ula, 1408 A.H., because rain season is late this year and has not fallen in many places at its annually scheduled time. Muslims are in dire need of it, and they are desperately asking Allah to overwhelm them with His Mercy [Exalted and Sublime Be He], His Bounty and Kindness. He (Exalted and Glorified be He) has guided them to invoke and implore Him so that He grants them their needs with His Grace.
He, the Most Glorified, assured them of answering their supplications, as He (Exalted and Glorified be He) said:
“And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islâmic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!“”
“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). So let them obey Me and believe in Me, so that they may be led aright.“
In other verses, He (Exalted and Glorified be He) said:
“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret. He likes not the aggressors.”
“And do not do mischief on the earth, after it has been set in order, and invoke Him with fear and hope. Surely, Allâh’s Mercy is (ever) near to the good-doers” .
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) and the early Muslims always turned to Allah seeking His Help in times of distress or adversity. He answered their invocations and granted them of His Bounties and Benevolence as He (Exalted and Glorified be He) said regarding the Battle of Badr,
“(Remember) when you sought help of your Lord and He answered you (saying): “I will help you with a thousand of the angels each behind the other (following one another) in succession.”” .
When drought intensified in Al-Madinah and its suburbs, Muslims requested the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) to pray for rain. He (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) then raised his hands while giving the Friday Sermon and prayed for rain and repeated his supplication twice.
On another occasion he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) went out with them to the desert where he led them in two Rak’ahs prayer similar to the ‘Eid prayer. He supplicated his Lord asking Him for rain. In this prayer he raised his hands and repeated the invocation many times and then inverted his garment.
Following the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), Muslims also raised their hands in prayer and supplicated Allah. Then Allah sent down abundant rain, bestowed His Mercy upon them and removed their distress.
He (Exalted and Glorified be He) said: “Indeed in the Messenger of Allâh (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes for (the Meeting with) Allâh and the Last Day, and remembers Allâh much.”
One of the most important means of obtaining Allah’s Mercy and being blessed with rain is fearing Allah [Exalted and Sublime Be He], turning to Him in repentance from all sins, promoting all what is right and forbidding all what is evil, cooperating in matters of piety and righteousness, holding mutual consultation for the sake of Allah, advising each other with the truth and being steadfast in implementing it, being compassionate to the poor and the needy, consoling them and being generous to them.
Allah (Exalted and Glorified be He) said:
“And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwâ (piety), certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth” till the end of the verse.
He,Most Glorified, said
“And whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make a way for him to get out (from every difficulty).“
He also said,
“…and whosoever fears Allâh and keeps his duty to Him, He will make his matter easy for him.”
He (Exalted and Glorified be He) also said in another verse:
“Surely, Allâh’s Mercy is (ever) near to the doers of good“
“The believers, men and women, are Auliyâ’ (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma‘rûf (i.e. Islâmic Monotheism and all that Islâm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islâm has forbidden); they perform As-Salât (Iqâmat-as-Salât), and give the Zakât, and obey Allâh and His Messenger. Allâh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allâh is All-Mighty, All-Wise.“.
In these noble verses, He (Exalted and Glorified be He) explained that fearing Allah, being kind to Allah’s servants and keeping upright and straight on the path of Allah are of the means of bringing about Allah’s Mercy to His servants, His kindness to them, sending down rain and removing their distress.
Therefore, fear Allah O servants of Allah! Be kind to His servants, and advise one another with truth and be steadfast and patient in doing so; cooperate among yourselves in acts piety and righteousness, promote what is right, forbid what is evil and repent altogether from all your sins. Hence your Sustainer (Exalted and Glorified be He) will encompass you with His Mercy upon you and send down blessed rain for you. He will also give youwhatever you desire and withhold from you whatever you dislike.
The Almighty said: “And all of you beg Allâh to forgive you all, O believers, that you may be successful“
The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) advised us saying:
““Whoever is not merciful to others will not be treated mercifully”“
In another Hadith he (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) stated:
“The Most Compassionate (Allah) has mercy on those who are compassionate to people. If you show mercy to those on the earth, He Who is in the heaven will show mercy to you” .
The Qur’anic verses and Prophetic Hadiths urging people to observe piety, uprightness, mercy and kindness to those in need are many and well-known.
I ask Allah to rectify the affairs of all Muslims; to grant them sincere repentance from all sins; to send down the rain for them out of His Grace and Bounty; to reconcile and unite their hearts on piety and good deeds; to protect everyone from the evils of their selves and to purify them from their sinful acts; to rid them of misguidance of tribulations; to support His Deen; to make His word the uppermost; to guide our rulers to what is good and beneficial forpeople and countries; to correct the behavior of their advisors and enable them to do all kinds of good. Indeed, He is the Grantor of all this and is the Most Omnipotent. Peace, Mercy and Blessings of Allah be upon you.
President Of The Administrations Of
Scientific Researches, Ifta, Call and Guidance.
`Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
Posted from alifta.net
This prayer is taken recourse to when seeking rain from Allah during timesof drought. It may be performed in one of the following manners:
-1- The imam prays, with the followers, two rak’at during any time exceptthose times in which it is not desirable to pray. In the first rak’ah, the imamrecites al-A’la after al-Fatihah. And in the second rak’ah, he readsal-Ghashiyah after al-Fatihah, and he delivers a khutbah before or after thesalah. As soon as he finishes the khutbah, the people present should turn theirouter garments around, each placing its left side on his right side and itsright side on his left, face the qiblah, supplicate Allah and raise their handswhile doing so.
Ibn ‘Abbas reports: “The Messenger of Allah went out [to make thesalatul istisqa’] wearing old clothes, in a humble and lowly manner, and prayedtwo rak’at as he prayed the ‘id, but he did not give a similar khutbah.”This is related by the five. At-Tirmizhi, Abu ‘Awanah, and Ibn Hibban grade itsahih.
‘Aishah says: “The people complained to the Messenger of Allah aboutlack of rain, so he gave orders for a pulpit, and when it was set up for him,he appointed a day for the people to gather. He came out on that day when thesun had just appeared and sat down on the pulpit. He extolled Allah’s greatnessand praised Him. Then he said: ‘You have complained of drought in your areasand of delay in receiving rain at the beginning of its season, but you have beenordered by Allah to supplicate Him and He has promised that He would answeryour prayers.’ Then he said: ‘All praise is for Allah, the Compassionate, theMerciful, the King of the Day of Judgment. There is no God but Allah Who doeswhat He wishes. O Allah, there is no God except Thee. You are theSelf-sufficient and we are the poor. Send down rain upon us and make it asource of strength for us and satisfaction for us.’ He then raised his handsand kept raising them till the whiteness of his armpits could be seen.
After this, he turned his back to the people and inverted his cloak, keepinghis hands raised. Finally, he faced the people, descended from the pulpit, andprayed two rak’at. At that time Allah produced a cloud, thunder, and lightning.And, by Allah’s permission, it rained and before he reached the mosque therewas flooding. Then he saw how quickly the people were running for shelter, helaughed until his molar teeth could be seen. He said: ‘I bear witness thatAllah has power over all things and I am Allah’s slave and Messenger.'”This is related by al-Hakim who classifies it to be sahih and by Abu Dawud whosays: “This hadith is ghareeb and its chain is good.”
It is furthermore related from ‘Ibad ibn Tamim from his uncle ‘Abdullah ibnZaid al-Mazni that the Prophet sallallahu alehi wasallam went out to praysalatul istisqa’ and prayed two rak’at reciting them aloud. This is related bythe group. And Abu Hurairah says: “The Prophet of Allah went out one dayto make salatul ishtisqa’ and prayed two rak’at with us without any azhan oriqamah. Then, he addressed us and supplicated Allah and turned his face towardthe qiblah, with his hands raised. Next, he reversed his cloak, placing itsleft side on his right side and its right side on his left side.” This isrelated by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, and al-Baihaqi.
-2- The supplication for rain can also be made on the occasion of salatuljumu’ah. In this case, the imam makes supplications during khutbatul jumu’ahwith the people of the congregation saying (Ameen).
Al-Bukhari and Muslim record from Shuraik on the authority of Anas that aman entered the mosque on Friday while the Prophet was addressing the people.The man said: “O Messenger of Allah, our wealth has been destroyed and wehave no transport to the market place. Supplicate for us for rain.” TheProphet raised his hands and said: “O Allah, give us rain. O Allah, giveus rain. O Allah, give us rain.” Anas said: “By Allah, at that timethere were no clouds in the sky and there was no house or building between usand the mountain. From behind the mountain came a cloud looking like a shield.By the time it reached the middle of the sky, it burst and started to rain. ByAllah, we did not see the sun for one week. Then, on the next Friday, a manentered the mosque from that (same) door while the Prophet was making theaddress. The man faced the Prophet and said: ‘Our livestock is dead and thepaths are unpassable. Ask Allah to make it stop.’ The Prophet raised his handsand said: ‘O Allah, around us and not upon us. O Allah, make it upon the hills,small mountains, bottom of the valleys, and plantations.’ The rain stopped andwe walked out in the sunshine.”
-3- One may also make a supplication (for rain) without it being Friday andregardless of whether or not the prayer takes place inside or outside themosque. Ibn Majah and Abu ‘Awanah record that Ibn ‘Abbas said: “A Bedouincame to the Messenger of Allah and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, I come to youfrom a people whose shepherds do not have any fodder and whose prize stallioncannot move its tail due to the [drought].’ The Prophet mounted the pulpit,praised Allah and said: ‘O Allah, give us saving rain which leads to somethinggood and which is productive – a general heavy rain – now and not later.’ Then,he descended from the pulpit. People came from every direction saying that itwas raining.” This is reported by Ibn Majah and Abu ‘Awanah and its chainis sound, but Ibn Hajar is silent about it in his Al-Talkhis.
Shurahbil ibn as-Simt said to Ka’b ibn Murrah: “O Ka’b, relate to ussomething from the Messenger of Allah.” Ka’b said: “When a man cameand said to the Prophet of Allah, ‘Seek rain for the tribe of Muzhar,’ I heardthe Prophet say: ‘You are a bold man. You want me to seek rain for the tribe ofMuzhar?’ The man said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, you have sought victory fromAllah and He gave you victory. You supplicated Allah and He answered you.’ TheMessenger of Allah raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, give us a saving rain,good and productive, general and heavy, now and not later, beneficial and notharmful.’ Allah responded to his supplication. It was not long before thepeople came complaining about the profusion of rain, and damage to theirdwellings. The Messenger of Allah raised his hands and said: ‘O Allah, aroundus and not upon us.’ The clouds began dispersing left and right.” This isrelated by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, al-Baihaqi, Ibn Shaibah and al-Hakim. The latergrades this hadith as hasan sahih and holds that its chain meets the conditionsof al-Bukhari and Muslim.
Ash-Sha’biy says: “‘Umar went out to make ishsqa’ and he did no morethan seeking Allah’s forgiveness. The people said: ‘We did not see you makingishsqa’.’ He said: ‘I sought rain by what makes it descend (i.e., istighfar orseeking forgiveness of Allah), unlike those (Arabs of days of ignorance) whosought it by the stars of the sky.’ Then, he recited the following two ‘ayat:’Seek forgiveness of your Lord. Lo! He is Ever-Forgiving. He will let loose thesky for you in plenteous rain.’ and: ‘Ask forgiveness of your Lord, and turn toHim (in repentance): He will send you the skies pouring abundant rain.'”This is related by Abu Sa’id in his Sunan, ‘Abdurrazzaq, al-Baihaqi, and Ibnabi Shaibah.
Volume2, Page 39: Some supplications for rain
The following are some of the supplications that have been transmitted.
Ash-Shaf’i states that it has been related from Salim ibn ‘Abdullah, on theauthority of his father that the Prophet would say for ishsqa’: “O Allah,give us a saving rain, productive, plentiful, general, continuous. O Allah,give us rain and do not make us among the despondent. O Allah, (Your) slaves,land, animals, and (Your) creation all are suffering and seek protection. Andwe do not complain except to You. O Allah, let our crops grow, and let theudders be refilled. Give us from the blessings of the sky and grow for us fromthe blessings of the earth. O Allah, remove from us the hardship,starvation,and barrenness and remove the affliction from us as no one removesafflictions save Thee. O Allah, we seek Your forgiveness as You are theForgiving, and send upon us plenteous rains.” Ash-Shaf’i said: “Iprefer that the imam would supplicate with that (prayer). ”
Sa’d reported that for ishsqa’, the Prophet would supplicate: “O Allah,let us be covered with thick clouds that have abundant and beneficial rain,frequently making a light rain upon us and sprinkling upon us with lightning. OAllah, You are full of majesty, bounty and Honour.” This is related by Abu’Awanah in his Sahih.
‘Amr ibn Shuaib relates from his father, on the authority of hisgrandfather, that for istisqa’, the Prophet would say: “O Allah, providewater for Your slaves and Your cattle, display Your mercy and give life to Yourdead lands.” This is related by Abu Dawud.
It is preferred for the one who is making this supplication to raise hishands with the back of his hands toward the sky. Muslim records from Anas thatthe Prophet would point with the back of his hands during ishsqa ‘.
It is also preferred, upon seeing the rain, to say: “O Allah, make it abeneficial rain” and he should uncover part of his body to the rain. Onthe other hand, if one fears that there is too much rain, one should say:”O Allah give us mercy and do not give us punishment, calamaties,destruction or flooding. O Allah, make it upon the woods, farms and trees. Makeit around us and not upon us.”
All of this is authentic and confirmed from the Prophet sallallahu alehiwasallam.
Praise be to Allaah.
The regular Sunnah prayers fall into two categories:
Sunnahs which are done before the fard prayer – two rak’ahs before Fajr and four before Zuhr.
Sunnahs which are done after the fard prayer – two rak’ahs after Zuhr, two rak’ahs after Maghrib and two rak’ahs after ‘Isha’.
Concerning their virtue, it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever prays twelve rak’ahs during the night and day, a house will be built for him in Paradise: four before Zuhr and two after, two rak’ahs after Maghrib, two rak’ahs after ‘Isha’ and two rak’ahs before Fajr prayer.”
Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, no. 380; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami’, 6362.
The time for a Sunnah prayer that comes before a fard prayer is from the beginning of the time for that prayer, until the iqaamah.
The time for a Sunnah prayer that comes after a fard prayer is from after the salaam at the end of the fard prayer until the end of the time for that prayer.
Ibn Qudaamah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “The time for every Sunnah prayer that comes before a fard prayer is from the beginning of the time for that prayer, until the prayer is done, and the time for every Sunnah prayer that comes after a fard prayer is from after the prayer is done until the end of the time for that prayer.”
Based on this, it is not correct to pray the Sunnah prayer before the time for the fard prayer begins, rather you should wait until the time for that prayer comes, then pray it.
Praise be to Allah;
“Allaah will build a house in Heaven for whoever is diligent in observing 12 Sunnah Rak’aat (as follows): 4 Rak’aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr (Midday) Prayer, 2 after the Maghrib (Sunset Prayer), 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ (Evening) Prayer and 2 before the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer.” Hadith sahih narrated by at-Tirmidhi No. 379 and by others. Hadith No. 6183 in Sahih al-Jaami’.
‘Anbasah ibn Abi Sufyan quoted Umm Habibah as saying “Allaah’s Messenger (May peace and blessings be upon him) said:
“A house will be built in Heaven for one who prays 12 Rak’aat in a day and evening as follows: 4 Rak’aat before and 2 after the Dhuhr Prayer, 2 after the Maghrib Prayer, 2 after the ‘Ishaa’ Prayer and 2 before the Fajr Prayer.” Narrated by at-Tirmizi under No. 380. He said: The Hadith narrated by ‘Anbasah quoting Umm Habibah in this chapter is a hassan and sahih hadith. It is under No. 6362 in Sahih al-Jaami’.
The ‘Asr (Late-Afternoon) Prayer has no routine Sunnah (basic recommended voluntary prayer). However, it is mustahab (preferable and recommended) that one prays 4 Rak’aat before the ‘Asr Prayer. The 4 Rak’ahs are of less reward and significance in importance of adhering to them compared to the “sunnan al-rawaatib” described above. The 4 Rak’ahs are the ones intended by the Prophet (May peace and blessings be upon him) in saying: “May Allaah have mercy on one who prays 4 raka’aat before the ‘Asr Prayer.” Narrated by at-Tirmidhi no. 395 and he declared it a hassan and ghareeb Hadith. Al-Albany rated the Hadith as hassan in Sahih al-Jami’ No. 3493.
All the foregoing 4-Rak’ah voluntary prayers are to be prayed two at a time according to Imam ash-Shafi’i and Imam Ahmad.
Allaah, the Exalted, knows best.
The voluntary prayer of a man (in a place) where no person can see him equal to twenty-five times his prayer where people can see him. 
The superiority of the prayer of a man in his house over his prayer (in a place) so that people can see him, is like the superiority of the obligatory prayer over the voluntary 
 Musnad Aboo Ya’ala, Hadeeth 3821. Shaykh Al-Albanee graded this narration as authentic.
 Saheeh At-Targeeb Wa At-Tarheeb, The Book Of Desiring to Pray The Voluntary Prayers in the House, Hadeeth 438. Shaykh Al-Albanee graded this narration as Hasan.
Um Habibah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him) said, “Whoever prays four before Thur and four after it, Allah makes him prohibited for the fire.” Collected by Abu Dawud (1269), At-Tirmithi (427), An-Nisa’ (1818), Ibn Majah (1160) . Shaykh Al-Albani graded this hadeeth as being Sahih in his checking in At-Tirmithi.
Sunnah Prayers Explained by Shaykh Bin Baz
May Allah have Mercy upon him
What are the Rawatib (Sunnah Prayers associated with Obligatory Prayers) which can be made up if the person misses them?
Shaykh Bin Baz:
The Rawatib which the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve are twelve Rakats, these are the Rawatib; for the resident not the traveler. Twelve Rakats; four before Thur prayer with two tasleems, and two after Thur prayer; this is six. Two after Magrib prayer and two after Isha prayer; this is ten. And two before the morning (Fajr) prayer; this is twelve. The Prophet, peace be upon him, used to practice these consistently while present at his residence. And he, peace be upon him, said:
“Whoever preserves four Rakats before Thur and four after it, Allah will make him forbidden for the Fire.”
If the person prays four after Thur, thus adding two Rakat then this is better, but it is not Rawatib. The Rawatib is two Rakats. If he prays four after Thur prayer then this has in it virtue and a tremendous amount of good.
In a similar fashion before Asr prayer it is recommended for the person to pray four Rakats, but these are not Rawatib, rather they are recommended. This is based upon the statement of the Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him:
“May Allah have mercy upon the person who prays four Rakats before Asr prayer”.
Likewise if he prays two Rakats before Magrib prayer and two Rakats before Isha prayer, between the Athan and the Iqamah, this is recommended; but these are not Rawatib. Rather it is recommended after the Athan to pray two Rakats, after the Athan for Maghrib and after the Athan for Isha the person prays two Rakats; two Rakats which are different than the two Rakats to greet the Masjid.
As for greeting the Masjid, if the person enters the Masjid even before the Athan then he greets the Masjid with two Rakats of prayer. And if he enters after the Athan, the Athan of Maghrib or after the Athan of Isha, then he greets the Masjid with two Rakats of prayer and this will suffice him from the two Rakats between the Athan and the Iqamah.
As for travel – then it is only prescribed to pray the Sunnah prayers of Fajr and the Witr prayer. During travel the person only prays the Witr and Tahajjud prayers during the night, and he prays the Sunnah prayers of Fajr. As for the Sunnah prayers of Thur, Maghrib, and Isha, then it is better to leave them during travel. But as it relates to the Sunnah prayers of Fajr, then the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve then during travel and while he was a resident.
And if the person misses the Sunnah prayer for Fajr he prays them after the Fajr prayer or after the sun has risen. As for the other Rawatib, for Thur, Maghrib, and Isha, then they are not made up after the time has passed; if the time passed they are not made up. Therefore one would not make up the Sunnah prayers for Thur after Asr, nor the Sunnah prayers for Maghrib after Isha, nor the Sunnah prayers for Isha after Fajr. These prayers are not made up. As for the Sunnah prayer for Fajr then it is made up. If he prays it after the Fajr prayer then there is no problem with this. And if he prays it after the sun has risen and reached its height then this is better.
As for the Sunnah prayer of Duha and Tahajjud prayers at night then they are prescribed for the travel and the resident. Likewise is the Sunnah prayer after completing Wudu; after the person completes Wudu it is recommended (for him to pray) whether he is on a journey or a resident.
Likewise if a person enters a Masjid while upon a journey he also prays two Rakats of prayer, even if he is travelling. May Allah reward you with good.
Therefore we will summarize the answer once again, if you will allow me; the Sunnah prayers which are recommended to make up.
First the summary of the answer: The twelve Rawatib which are specific to the resident are: Four Rakats before Thur with two tasleems, two Rakats after Thur with one tasleem; two Rakats after Maghrib with one tasleem; two Rakats after Isha with one tasleem, and two Rakats before the morning prayer after the rising of the Fajr. These are the Rawatib that the Prophet, peace be upon him, used to preserve.
As for those that are made up then it is only the Sunnah prayer for Fajr, if it is missed then it is made up after Fajr or after the rising of the sun. Likewise the Sunnah prayers that come before Thur can be made up after Thur. If the four Sunnah prayer that come before Thur are missed they are prayed after Thur, then he prays the two Rakats after Thur; thus praying six Rakats. The four that come before Thur, and the two Rawatib that come after Thur. May Allah reward you with good.
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee