The best approach to do Dawah
Q 2: As beginners in the field of Da`wah (calling to Islam), what is the best approach to follow while practicing Da`wah?
A: First: You should equip yourself with beneficial knowledge derived from the Qur’an and Sunnah.
Allah (Exalted be He) says: “Invite (mankind, O Muhammad) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation and the Qur’ân) and fair preaching” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 125]
Wisdom denotes knowledge.
Allah (Exalted be He) also says: “Say (O Muhammad): “This is my way; I invite unto Allâh with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allâh with sure knowledge).” [Surah Yusuf, 12: 108]
The importance of substantial knowledge being stressed, an ignorant person is not suited for practicing Da`wah.
Second: Steadfastness in performing righteous deeds.
Allah (Exalted be He) says: “And who is better in speech than he who [says: “My Lord is Allâh (believes in His Oneness),” and then stands firm (acts upon His Order), and] invites (men) to Allâh’s (Islâmic Monotheism), and does righteous deeds.” [Surah Fussilat, 41: 33]
Moreover, the Qur’an quotes Shu`ayb (peace be upon him) as saying: “I wish not, in contradiction to you, to do that which I forbid you.” [Surah Hud, 11: 88]
Accordingly, a Da`y (caller to Islam) has to put into practice all that to which he calls people so that his example might be followed and that he might be thought well of.
Allah (Glorified be He) says: “O you who believe! Why do you say that which you do not do?” Most hateful it is with Allâh that you say that which you do not do.” [Surah Al-Saff, 61: 2-3]
Third: Enduring with patience all that might befall him.
Allah (Exalted be He) quoted Luqman Al-Hakim (the wise) as saying to his son: “O my son! Aqim-As-Salât (perform As-Salât), enjoin (on people) Al-Ma‘rûf – (Islâmic Monotheism and all that is good), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. disbelief in the Oneness of Allâh, polytheism of all kinds and all that is evil and bad), and bear with patience whatever befalls you. Verily, these are some of the important commandments (ordered by Allâh with no exemption)” [Surah Luqman, 31: 17]
He (Exalted be He) says:”And recommend one another to the truth , and recommend one another to patience (for the sufferings, harms, and injuries which one may encounter in Allâh’s Cause during preaching His religion). [Surah Al-`Asr, 103: 3 ]
Fourth: Being kind to those called and trying to turn them gently towards good.
Allah (Exalted be He) says: “And speak to him mildly, perhaps he may accept admonition or fear (Allâh).” [Surah TaHa, 20: 44]
He (Exalted be He) also says: “Invite (mankind) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islâm) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Revelation) and fair preaching” [Surah Al-Nahl, 16: 125]
Addressing our Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wasallam), Allah says: “And by the Mercy of Allâh, you dealt with them gently. And had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have broken away from about you.” [Surah Al-`Imran, 3: 159]
Fifth: Giving priority to what is more important, namely, rectifying `Aqidah (creed) then to proceed to other religious duties one after another, following the Prophet’s example of varying his methods of Da`wah from the Makkan era to the Madinan era.
May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and Companions!
Permanent Committee Fatwas / The first group > Volume 12: (Jihad and Hisbah) > Jihad and Hisbah > Da`wah > What a Da`y needs / The second question of Fatwa no. 16024