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The Prohibition of sitting half in the sun and half in the shade – Hadith

1) Aboo Hurayrah رضى الله عنه said: Abool-Qaasim صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “If one of you was sitting in the sunlight”, and Makhlad said: “in the shadow, so the shade that is over him moves away from him, and part of him is in the sun and part (of him) is in the shade, then let him get up (and move).” [2]

2) And in another narration: He prohibited that one sit between the sunlight and the shade, and he said: “It is the sitting of shaytaan.” [3]

3) Qays bin Abee Haazim narrated from his father that he said: The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم saw me and I was sitting in the sun, so he said: “Move to the shade.”

In the wording of Aboo Daawood (#4822), Qays reported that his father narrated that he came and the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم was giving a khutbah, so he stood in the sun, so he ordered him to move to the shade. [4]

Footnotes:

[2] Aboo Daawood (#4821), al-Humaydee in al-Musnad (1138), Ahmad (2/383). Shaykh al-Albaanee declared it saheeh. See As-Saheehah (#837) [3] Collected by Ahmad (3/413). Shaykh al-Albaanee said: “And this isnaad is saheeh, it’s men are thiqaat (trustworthy narrators), men of the Shaykhayn (al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), with the exception of Katheer, and he is Ibn Abee Katheer al-Basree as al-‘Ajalee and Ibn Hibbaan have said, and a group from the thiqaat narrated from him. See As-Saheehah (#838) [4] Declared saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaanee. See As-Saheehah (#833)

Source: Protecting oneself from shaytaan and from harm through the Words of Remembrance found in the Authentic Sunnah – (Part 3) – http://salafiyyah-kuwait.blogspot.com

Protecting the Home by Recitation of the Qur’aan – Hadith

Aboo Hurayrah رضى الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Do not make your homes like graveyards, indeed shaytaan avoids the home in which Sooratul-Baqarah is read.” [1]

Ibn Mas’ood رضى الله عنه narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Verily everything has a high point, and the highest point of the Qur’aan is Sooratul-Baqarah, and verily shaytaan, if he hears Sooratul-Baqarah recited, he leaves the house in which Sooratul-Baqarah is recited.”[2]

And the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Recite Sooratul-Baqarah in your homes, for indeed shaytaan does not enter a house in which Sooratul-Baqarah is recited in.” [3]

Aboo Mas’ood narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said:“Whoever recites the two verses from the end of Sooratul-Baqarah in a night, they will suffice him.” [4]

‘Uqbah bin ‘Aamir narrated that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Recite these two aayaat that are at the end of Sooratul-Baqarah, for indeed my Lord gave them to me from under the ‘Arsh.” [5]

And the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “(( Qul Huwal-llaahu Ahad )) and the Mu’awwidhatayn [Sooratul-Falaq and Sooratun-Naas] when you reach evening and when you reach the morning 3 times suffice you from everything.” [6]

[1] Muslim, at-Tirmidhee(#2877), Ahkaamul-Janaa’iz (p.212) of Shaykhal-Albaanee
[2] Declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albaanee. See As-Saheehah (#588)
[3] Declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albaanee. As-Saheehah (# 1521) * Note: What is intended, and Allaah knows best, is the actual recitation of the Qur’aan by the occupants themselves, not playing audio files (or cds, cassettes) in the home. {A.S.}
[4] Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, Aboo Daawood (#1397), at-Tirmidhee (#2881), Ibn Maajah (#1368 and 1369)
[5] as-Saheehah (#1482)
[6] Saheeh. Refer to Saheehul-Jaami’ (#4406) and al-Mishkaat (#2163)

Source for above : [eBook] Protecting oneself from shaytaan and from harm through the Words of Remembrance found in the Authentic Sunnah

Is Iblis an Angel ? – Permanent Committee

The origin of Iblis and his fate on the Day of Judgment

Q 3: Is Iblis (Satan) a jinn or a fallen angel? If he is a jinn, what is the point of the exception made in the Qur’anic Ayah (verse) which reads: So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: …except Iblîs (Satan)

A: It is well-known that angels belong to a category of beings whom Allah (Exalted be He) has created from light. They never disobey the commands they receive from Allah. However, Allah (Exalted be He) mentions Iblis in the Qur’an that he was from the jinn. Allah (Exalted be He) says: And (remember) when We said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves unto Adam.” So they prostrated themselves except Iblîs (Satan). He was one of the jinn; he disobeyed the Command of his Lord.” Justifying his refusal to prostrate himself to Adam, according to the Qur’anic text, Iblis addresses Allah (Exalted be He) saying: “You created me from fire, and him You created from clay”.

As for excepting Iblis from the general class of angels in the Ayah which reads: “So the angels prostrated themselves, all of them: …except Iblîs (Satan)” the Arabic word illa (i.e. Except), which ordinarily means except and is used as indicating Istithna’( exception ), is sometimes used to indicate Istithna’ Munqati` (an exception where the thing excluded is not of the same type as the thing that was mentioned before the word illa).

It is grammatically correct in Arabic to say:” ja’ al-qawmu illa himaran”, the meaning of which is that “all the people came except a donkey”; the people and the donkey belonging to two different classes. It is exactly in this sense that the word illa (except) is used here; the angels and Iblis belonged to two different classes.

However, some scholars are of the view that Iblis originally belonged to the category of angels, but incurred the eternal curse of Allah (Exalted be He) when he disobeyed His command and persisted in rebellion.

How the Shaytaan Finds His Way into Somebody’s Heart ? – Permanent Committee

Through what avenues does the Shaytaan find a way to make suggestions to man?

Answer:

There are many avenues;

He might try to incite someone to fornicate, for example. He first incites his victim to be alone with women, then to look at them, then to talk to them, then perhaps to listen to them sing, and so on until he achieves his end: when his victim fornicates.
Shaytaan may attack a person through his stomach, by tempting him into eating what is unlawful, into drinking alcohol, or even into taking drugs.
Shaytaan may find that a person has an inordinate love for owning things, so he biguiles him into gaining wealth through unlawful means: stealing, swindling, practicing usury, usurping, cheating.
He may find that a person has a great deal of pride, so he will encourage him to belittle others, to be haughty with those inferior to him in society,
and the list of Shaytaan’s tricks is endless.

May Allaah send peace and blessings on Muhammad, his family, and his Companions.

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Fataawa Islamiyah, vol. 8, p314
Dar-us-salam publications

While [Prophet] Musa (‘alaihis-salaam) was in a gathering Iblis came wearing a hooded cape

‘Abdu’l-Rahiman Ibn Ziyad Ibn An’um said:

‘While [Prophet] Musa (‘alaihis-salaam) was in a gathering Iblis came wearing a hooded cape that changed in colors. When the devil came nearer he took off the cape and set it down and came to Musa saying: ‘Peace be upon you. Musa replied: ‘Who are you?’ He said: ‘I am Iblis. ‘ Musa responded: ‘No greetings from Allah to you, what brought you here?’ The devil said: ‘I came to greet you because of your high godly status.’ Musa said: ‘What have I seen you wearing?’ Iblis replied: ‘I use it (the cape) to capture the hearts of the sons of Adam.’

Musa asked: ‘What is it that if a human does will enable you to take him over?’

He replied: ‘If he becomes fond of himself, and considered his (good) deeds plentiful .’ I warn you from three things:

First, never be alone with a woman that is not lawful to you. Because whenever someone does so, I personally accompany him and use her to seduce him.
Second, never promise Allah something except that you fulfill your promise. Whenever someone promises Allah something I personally accompany him to prevent him from fulfilling his promise.
And never take an amount of money to give charity except that you make sure you give it to that charity. Whenever someone takes an amount of money to give to charity, I personally accompany him to persuade him not to give it.
Then Iblis walked away saying: ‘Woe to me, thrice, I have taught [Prophet] Musa from what to warn the sons of Adam.’

[Ibn AbI al-Dunya in Maka’d al-Shaytaan, 1 1 /47]

Posted from the Book – The Devil’s Deceptions (Talbis Iblis): By Imam Abu’l Faraj Ibn Al Jawzi, Dar as-sunnah Publishers. Page 75

Protection From the Jinn

Q:
I am having a problem with jinn. I have been able to perceive jinn in diferent ways all my life. I never seemed to be bothered by this until recently. I saw a jinn in our apartment in the first days we moved in. Off and on I would pick up on a little activity from this jinn or even jinns, like doors opening by themselves، seeing it، hearing them etc… However، things seem to be changing a lot. Now something is happening every day and things are making me uncomfortable in my home to the point where I do not want to live here anymore. The jinn(s) open doors، shout my name startling me out of sleep، knock over objects، appear as a cat، are messing with my computer and phones، I see its shadows and even more. It is very freaky. I am really not sure what to do about this problem. I am hoping moving out of this house will help the situation…? But in the meantime I have tried to recite Al-Baqarah، Al-Ikhlas، Al-Falaq، An Nas and even play a recording of the recitation in my house. The activity stops when I do so but as soon as I stop the recording the jinn makes its presence known in some way or other (most of the time). Sometimes، my recording will be shut off and my cmputer resets in the middle of the recitation…which apparently has happened too many times. Jinn even appear to me in dreams very often. I do not know how to end this situation but I would seriously appreciste answers or suggestions soon.

Praise be to Allah.
Firstly:

The questioner is mistaken in saying that she has seen a jinn, because the jinn can see us but they cannot be seen by us.

Al-Shafi’i said:

“Whoever is of sound character and claims to have seen the jinn, his testimony is no longer valid, because Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

‘Verily, he and qabeeluhu (his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them’ [7:27]

– unless he is a Prophet.”

(Ahkaam al-Quran)

Ibn Hazm said:

“The jinn are real, and they are creatures created by Allah. Among them are kafirs (non-Muslims) and believers. They can see us but we cannot see them. They eat, have children and die. Allah says (interpretation of the meanings):

‘O you assembly of jinn and mankind!’ [6:130]

‘And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire’ [15:27]

‘”And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allah, after listening to this Quran), and of us some are al‑qaasitoon (disbelievers those who have deviated from the right path)’. And whosoever has embraced Islam (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allah), then such have sought the right path.

And as for the Qaasitoon (disbelievers who deviated from the right path), they shall be firewood for Hell”’ [72:14-15]

‘Verily, he and Qabeeluhu (his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe) see you from where you cannot see them’ [7:27]

‘Will you then take him (Iblis) and his offspring as protectors and helpers rather than Me’ [18:50]

‘Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish’ [55:26]

‘Everyone shall taste death’ [3:185].”

(al-Muhallaa)

Hence what the questioner has seen may be just her imagination or an illusion, or it may be jinn appearing in a form other than that with which Allah has created them.

Secondly:

With regard to the jinn harming humans, this is proven to happen and it does happen. Protection against that is attained by reciting Quran and adhkaar (dhikr/remembrance of Allah) prescribed in sharee’ah (Islamic law).

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

“Undoubtedly the jinn can have a harmful effect on humans, and they could even kill them. They may harm a person by throwing stones at him, or by trying to terrify him, and other things that are proven in the sunnah (prophetic teachings) or indicated by real events. It was reported that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) gave permission to one of his companions to go to his wife during one of the military campaigns – I think it was the campaign of al-Khandaq – as he was a young man who had recently got married. When he reached his house, he found his wife standing at the door, and he objected to that. She said to him, ‘Go inside,’ so he went inside and found a snake curled up on the bed. He had a spear with him, so he stabbed it with the spear until it died, and at the same instant as the snake died the man also died. It was not known which of them died first, the snake or the man. When the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) heard of that, he forbade killing the harmless kinds of snakes that are found in houses, apart from those which are maimed or are streaked and malignant.

This indicates that the jinn may attack humans, and that they may harm them, as is known from real-life events. There are numerous reports which indicate that a man may come to a deserted area, and a stone may be thrown at him, but he does not see anybody, or he may hear voices or a rustling sound like the rustling of trees, and other things that may make him feel distressed and scared. A jinn may also enter the body of a human, either because of love or with the intention of harming him, or for some other reason. This is indicated in the ayah/verse (interpretation of the meaning):

‘Those who eat riba (interest) will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by shaytan leading him to insanity’ [2:275]

In such cases, the jinn may speak from inside of that person and address the one who is reading verses from the Quran over him; the reciter may take a promise from the jinn never to come back, and other things concerning which there are very many reports which are widespread among the people.

So the protection which will prevent the evil of the jinn is for a person to recite that which is narrated in the sunnah as being effective in providing protection, such as ayat al-Kurisy, for if a person recites ayat al-Kursiy at night, he will continue to have protection from Allah, and no shaytan will come near him until morning. And Allah is the Protector.’” (Majmoo’ Fatawa al-Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen)

The sunnah mentions adhkhar by means of which one may gain protection from the shayateen (devils). These include:

Seeking refuge with Allah from the jinn:

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And if an evil whisper from shaytaan tries to turn you away (O Muhammad) (from doing good), then seek refuge in Allah. Verily, He is the All‑Hearer, the All‑Knower” [41:36]

“And if an evil whisper comes to you from shaytaan, then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower” [7:200]

It was narrated from Sulayman ibn Sard that two men were trading insults in the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon them), until the face of one of them turned red. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, “I know a word which, if he were to say it, what he is suffering from would go away: ‘A’oodhu Billahi min al-Shaytan il-rajeem (I seek refuge with Allah from the accursed shaytan).’” (al-Bukhaariand Muslim)

2 – Reciting al-Mu’awwidhatayn (the last two chapters of the Quran, al-Falaq and al-Nas).

It was narrated that Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) used to seek refuge with Allah from the jinn and from the evil eye until the Mu’awwidhatayn were revealed, and when they were revealed he started to recite them and not anything else.”

(al-Tirmidhi, al-Nasaa’i, Ibn Maajah.

3 – Reciting ayat al-Kursiy

It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) put me in charge of guarding the zakah (charity) of Ramadan. Someone came to me and started grabbing handfuls of the food. I took hold of him and said, ‘I will take you to the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).’ He said, ‘I will teach you some words by means of which Allah will benefit you.’ I said, ‘What are they?’ He said, ‘When you go to your bed, recite this ayah (interpretation of the meaning): “Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), Al-Hayyul-Qayyoom (the Ever Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists)…” [2:255] – until he completed the ayah. Then Allah will appoint a guard for you who will stay with you and no shaytan (devil) will come near you until morning.’ The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) asked me, ‘What did your prisoner do last night?’ I said, ‘O Messenger of Allah, he taught me something, and claimed that Allah would benefit me by it.’ He said, ‘What was it?’ I said, ‘He taught me to recite ayat al-Kursiy when I go to bed, and said that no shaytan would come near me until morning, and that Allah would appoint a guard for me who would stay with me.’ The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said, ‘He told you the truth, although he is an inveterate liar. That was the shaytan.’” (al-Bukhaari)

4 – Reciting Surat al-Baqarah

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Do not make your houses like graves, for the shaytan runs away from a house in which Surat al-Baqarah is recited.” (Muslim)

5 – The last verses of Surat al-Baqarah

It was narrated that Abu Mas’ood al-Ansari said: “The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: ‘Whoever recites the last two verses of Surat al-Baqarah at night, that will suffice him.’” (al-Bukhaari, Muslim)

It was narrated from al-Nu’man ibn Basheer (may Allah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah inscribed a book two thousand years before He created the heavens and the earth, from which the last two ayahs of Surat al-Baqarah were revealed. If they are recited for three nights, no shaytan (devil) will remain in the house”. (al-Tirmidhi).

6 – Reciting “La ilaha ill-Allah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer (There is no god except Allah Alone with no partner or associate; His is the Sovereignty and His is the praise, and He is able to do all things)” one hundred times.

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Whoever says “La ilaha ill-Allah wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahu’l-mulk wa lahu’l-hamd wa huwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer” one hundred times in the day, will have a reward equivalent to that of freeing ten slaves, one hundred hasanahs (good deeds) will be recorded for him, and one hundred sayiahs (bad deeds) will be erased from his record, and it will be protection for him from the shaytan for that day, until evening comes. No one could achieve any better than him except the one who does more than he did.”

(al-Bukhaari, Muslim)

7 – Remembering Allah often (dhikr)

It was narrated from al-Harith al-Ash’ari that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “Allah commanded Yahya ibn Zakariya (peace be upon him) five things to follow and to enjoin upon the Children of Israel… and he commanded them to remember Allah, and the likeness of that is a man who was being pursued by the enemy, until he reached a strong fortress in which he found protection; similarly a man cannot find protection from the shaytan except by remembering Allah…” (al-Tirmidhi)

8 – The adaan (call to prayer)

It was narrated that Suhayl ibn Abi Salih said: “My father sent me to Bani Harithah, and there was with me a slave of ours, or a companion of ours. Someone called out his name from a garden, and the one who was with me looked into the garden and did not see anything. I mentioned that to my father, and he said, ‘If I had known that this was going to happen to you, I would not have sent you. But if you hear a voice then make the call for prayer, for I heard Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) narrating that the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: “When the shaytan hears the call to prayer, he runs away fast.”’” (Muslim).

The word translated here as “runs away fast” may also mean “passes wind.”

9 – Reciting Quran offers protection against the shaytan

Allah says (interpretation of the meaning):

“And when you (Muhammad) recite the Quran, We put between you and those who believe not in the Hereafter, an invisible veil (or screen their hearts, so they hear or understand it not) [17:45]

And Allah knows best.

Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid

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